Primary dendrite distribution and disorder during directional solidification of Pb-Sb alloys View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2002-11

AUTHORS

Jun Hui, R. Tiwari, X. Wu, S. N. Tewari, R. Trivedi

ABSTRACT

Pb-2.2 wt pct Sb and Pb-5.8 wt pct Sb alloys have been directionally solidified from a single-crystal seed with its [100] orientation parallel to the growth direction, to examine the primary dendrite distribution and disorder of the dendrite arrays. The dendrite distribution and ordering have been investigated using analysis techniques such as the Gauss-amplitude fit to the frequency distribution of nearest and higher-order spacings, minimum spanning tree (MST), Voronoi polygon, and Fourier transform (FT) of the dendrite centers. Since the arrangement of dendrites is driven by the requirement to accommodate side-branch growth along the 〈100〉 directions, the FT images of the fully developed dendrite centers contain spots which indicate this preferred alignment. A directional solidification distance of about three mushy-zone lengths is sufficient to ensure a steady-state dendritic array, in terms of reaching a constant mean primary spacing. However, local dendrite ordering continues throughout the directional solidification process. The interdendritic convection not only decreases the mean primary spacing, it also makes the dendrite array more disordered and reduces the ratio of the upper and lower spacing limits, as defined by the largest 5 pct and the smallest 5 pct of the population. More... »

PAGES

3499-3510

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2002-04. Cellular array morphology during directional solidification in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 2000-10. Development of a freckle predictor via rayleigh number method for single-crystal nickel-base superalloy castings in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 1988-07. Channel formation in Pb-Sn, Pb-Sb, and Pb-Sn-Sb alloy ingots and comparison with the system NH4CI-H2O in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 1999-08. Cell/dendrite distribution in directionally solidified hypoeutectic Pb-Sb alloys in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 1991-12. Statistical analysis of the disorder of two-dimensional cellular arrays in directional solidification in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 1991-10. Growth-speed dependence of primary arm spacings in directionally solidified Pb-10 Wt Pct Sn in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 2001-02. Freckle criteria for the upward directional solidification of alloys in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 2001-01. Simulating the initiation of a channel during directional solidification of a superalloy in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 1985-10. Cellular and dendritic growth: Part I. Experiment in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 1984-06-01. Interdendritic Spacing: Part I. Experimental Studies in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 1999-08. Macrosegregation caused by thermosolutal convection during directional solidification of Pb-Sb alloys in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 1998-03. The unidirectional solidification of Al-4 wt pct Cu ingots in microgravity in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 1996-03. Numerical modeling of cellular/dendritic array growth: spacing and structure predictions in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11661-002-0337-5

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11661-002-0337-5

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