Wear-resistant amorphous and nanocomposite steel coatings View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2001-10

AUTHORS

D. J. Branagan, W. D. Swank, D. C. Haggard, J. R. Fincke

ABSTRACT

In this article, amorphous and nanocomposite thermally deposited steel coatings have been formed by using both plasma and high-velocity oxy-fuel (HVOF) spraying techniques. This was accomplished by developing a specialized iron-based composition with a low critical cooling rate (≈104 K/s) for metallic glass formation, processing the alloy by inert gas atomization to form micron-sized amorphous spherical powders, and then spraying the classified powder to form coatings. A primarily amorphous structure was formed in the as-sprayed coatings, independent of coating thickness. After a heat treatment above the crystallization temperature (568 °C), the structure of the coatings self-assembled (i.e., devitrified) into a multiphase nanocomposite microstructure with 75 to 125 nm grains containing a distribution of 20 nm second-phase grain-boundary precipitates. Vickers microhardness testing revealed that the amorphous coatings were very hard (10.2 to 10.7 GPa), with further increases in hardness after devitrification (11.4 to 12.8 GPa). The wear characteristics of the amorphous and nanocomposite coatings were determined using both two-body pin-on-disk and three-body rubber wheel wet-slurry sand tests. The results indicate that the amorphous and nanocomposite steel coatings are candidates for a wide variety of wear-resistant applications. More... »

PAGES

2615-2621

Journal

Related Patents

  • Systems And Methods For Implementing Tailored Metallic Glass-Based Strain Wave Gears And Strain Wave Gear Components
  • Methods For Fabricating Bulk Metallic Glass-Based Macroscale Gears
  • Method For Embedding Inserts, Fasteners And Features Into Metal Core Truss Panels
  • Systems And Methods For Shaping Sheet Materials That Include Metallic Glass-Based Materials
  • Systems And Methods For Structurally Interrelating Components Using Inserts Made From Metallic Glass-Based Materials
  • Systems And Methods For Implementing Bulk Metallic Glass-Based Macroscale Compliant Mechanisms
  • Metallic Glass Laminate, Process For Producing The Same And Use Thereof
  • Methods For Fabricating Strain Wave Gear Flexsplines Using Metal Additive Manufacturing
  • Multi-Functional Textile And Related Methods Of Manufacturing
  • Metallic Glass Laminate, Process For Producing The Same And Use Thereof
  • Systems And Methods For Additive Manufacturing Processes That Strategically Buildup Objects
  • Systems And Methods For Structurally Interrelating Components Using Inserts Made From Metallic Glass-Based Materials
  • Hypoeutectic Amorphous Metal-Based Materials For Additive Manufacturing
  • Systems And Methods For Implementing Tailored Metallic Glass-Based Strain Wave Gears And Strain Wave Gear Components
  • Systems And Methods For Implementing Robust Gearbox Housings
  • High Toughness Metallic Glass-Based Composites For Additive Manufacturing
  • Methods Of Fabricating A Layer Of Metallic Glass-Based Material Using Immersion And Pouring Techniques
  • Metallic Glass Laminates, Production Methods And Applications Thereof
  • Dendrite-Reinforced Titanium-Based Metal Matrix Composites
  • Systems And Methods For Fabricating Structures Including Metallic Glass-Based Materials Using Ultrasonic Welding
  • Hardfacing Material
  • Method Of Forming A Hardened Surface On A Substrate
  • Systems And Methods For Implementing Bulk Metallic Glass-Based Strain Wave Gears And Strain Wave Gear Components
  • Systems And Methods For Implementing Flexible Members Including Integrated Tools Made From Metallic Glass-Based Materials
  • Self-Hammering Cutting Tool
  • Method For Manufacturing Bulk Metallic Glass-Based Strain Wave Gear Components
  • Systems And Methods For Fabricating Structures Including Metallic Glass-Based Materials Using Low Pressure Casting
  • Systems And Methods For Implementing Flexible Members Including Integrated Tools Made From Metallic Glass-Based Materials
  • Metallic Glass Laminates, Production Methods And Applications Thereof
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11661-001-0051-8

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11661-001-0051-8

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000222490


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0912", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Materials Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory, 83415-2218, Idaho Falls, ID", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.417824.c", 
              "name": [
                "the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory, 83415-2218, Idaho Falls, ID"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Branagan", 
            "givenName": "D. J.", 
            "id": "sg:person.012315260477.25", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012315260477.25"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory, 83415-2218, Idaho Falls, ID", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.417824.c", 
              "name": [
                "the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory, 83415-2218, Idaho Falls, ID"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Swank", 
            "givenName": "W. D.", 
            "id": "sg:person.011372164712.22", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011372164712.22"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory, 83415-2218, Idaho Falls, ID", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.417824.c", 
              "name": [
                "the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory, 83415-2218, Idaho Falls, ID"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Haggard", 
            "givenName": "D. C.", 
            "id": "sg:person.013760623135.47", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013760623135.47"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory, 83415-2218, Idaho Falls, ID", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.417824.c", 
              "name": [
                "the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory, 83415-2218, Idaho Falls, ID"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Fincke", 
            "givenName": "J. R.", 
            "id": "sg:person.010333157275.24", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010333157275.24"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1557/s088376940005154x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067964027", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1557/s088376940005154x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1557/s0883769400053252", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067964161", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1557/s0883769400053252"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11837-999-0010-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019320142", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11837-999-0010-1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2001-10", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2001-10-01", 
        "description": "In this article, amorphous and nanocomposite thermally deposited steel coatings have been formed by using both plasma and high-velocity oxy-fuel (HVOF) spraying techniques. This was accomplished by developing a specialized iron-based composition with a low critical cooling rate (\u2248104 K/s) for metallic glass formation, processing the alloy by inert gas atomization to form micron-sized amorphous spherical powders, and then spraying the classified powder to form coatings. A primarily amorphous structure was formed in the as-sprayed coatings, independent of coating thickness. After a heat treatment above the crystallization temperature (568 \u00b0C), the structure of the coatings self-assembled (i.e., devitrified) into a multiphase nanocomposite microstructure with 75 to 125 nm grains containing a distribution of 20 nm second-phase grain-boundary precipitates. Vickers microhardness testing revealed that the amorphous coatings were very hard (10.2 to 10.7 GPa), with further increases in hardness after devitrification (11.4 to 12.8 GPa). The wear characteristics of the amorphous and nanocomposite coatings were determined using both two-body pin-on-disk and three-body rubber wheel wet-slurry sand tests. The results indicate that the amorphous and nanocomposite steel coatings are candidates for a wide variety of wear-resistant applications.", 
        "genre": "article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11661-001-0051-8", 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1136292", 
            "issn": [
              "1073-5623", 
              "1543-1940"
            ], 
            "name": "Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A", 
            "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "10", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "32"
          }
        ], 
        "keywords": [
          "steel coatings", 
          "low critical cooling rate", 
          "inert gas atomization", 
          "wear-resistant applications", 
          "grain boundary precipitates", 
          "Vickers microhardness testing", 
          "critical cooling rate", 
          "two-body pin", 
          "gas atomization", 
          "spherical powders", 
          "wear characteristics", 
          "nanocomposite coatings", 
          "nanocomposite microstructure", 
          "amorphous coatings", 
          "metallic glass formation", 
          "microhardness testing", 
          "coatings", 
          "amorphous structure", 
          "heat treatment", 
          "cooling rate", 
          "sand tests", 
          "glass formation", 
          "powder", 
          "crystallization temperature", 
          "alloy", 
          "microstructure", 
          "further increase", 
          "atomization", 
          "hardness", 
          "pin", 
          "precipitates", 
          "devitrification", 
          "thickness", 
          "temperature", 
          "structure", 
          "grains", 
          "applications", 
          "characteristics", 
          "technique", 
          "wide variety", 
          "disk", 
          "test", 
          "distribution", 
          "composition", 
          "testing", 
          "plasma", 
          "formation", 
          "results", 
          "candidates", 
          "increase", 
          "rate", 
          "variety", 
          "article", 
          "treatment"
        ], 
        "name": "Wear-resistant amorphous and nanocomposite steel coatings", 
        "pagination": "2615-2621", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1000222490"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/s11661-001-0051-8"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-001-0051-8", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000222490"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2022-10-01T06:30", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20221001/entities/gbq_results/article/article_310.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-001-0051-8"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11661-001-0051-8'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11661-001-0051-8'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11661-001-0051-8'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11661-001-0051-8'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    144 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      81 URIs      70 LITERALS      6 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/s11661-001-0051-8 schema:about anzsrc-for:09
    2 anzsrc-for:0912
    3 schema:author Nd339afe0005148138ed8bd6f9f5754f2
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s11837-999-0010-1
    5 sg:pub.10.1557/s088376940005154x
    6 sg:pub.10.1557/s0883769400053252
    7 schema:datePublished 2001-10
    8 schema:datePublishedReg 2001-10-01
    9 schema:description In this article, amorphous and nanocomposite thermally deposited steel coatings have been formed by using both plasma and high-velocity oxy-fuel (HVOF) spraying techniques. This was accomplished by developing a specialized iron-based composition with a low critical cooling rate (≈104 K/s) for metallic glass formation, processing the alloy by inert gas atomization to form micron-sized amorphous spherical powders, and then spraying the classified powder to form coatings. A primarily amorphous structure was formed in the as-sprayed coatings, independent of coating thickness. After a heat treatment above the crystallization temperature (568 °C), the structure of the coatings self-assembled (i.e., devitrified) into a multiphase nanocomposite microstructure with 75 to 125 nm grains containing a distribution of 20 nm second-phase grain-boundary precipitates. Vickers microhardness testing revealed that the amorphous coatings were very hard (10.2 to 10.7 GPa), with further increases in hardness after devitrification (11.4 to 12.8 GPa). The wear characteristics of the amorphous and nanocomposite coatings were determined using both two-body pin-on-disk and three-body rubber wheel wet-slurry sand tests. The results indicate that the amorphous and nanocomposite steel coatings are candidates for a wide variety of wear-resistant applications.
    10 schema:genre article
    11 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    12 schema:isPartOf N4148cb0c28aa43b88850edf358ab223a
    13 N6cf0fecef8194083abd846da6e8076e9
    14 sg:journal.1136292
    15 schema:keywords Vickers microhardness testing
    16 alloy
    17 amorphous coatings
    18 amorphous structure
    19 applications
    20 article
    21 atomization
    22 candidates
    23 characteristics
    24 coatings
    25 composition
    26 cooling rate
    27 critical cooling rate
    28 crystallization temperature
    29 devitrification
    30 disk
    31 distribution
    32 formation
    33 further increase
    34 gas atomization
    35 glass formation
    36 grain boundary precipitates
    37 grains
    38 hardness
    39 heat treatment
    40 increase
    41 inert gas atomization
    42 low critical cooling rate
    43 metallic glass formation
    44 microhardness testing
    45 microstructure
    46 nanocomposite coatings
    47 nanocomposite microstructure
    48 pin
    49 plasma
    50 powder
    51 precipitates
    52 rate
    53 results
    54 sand tests
    55 spherical powders
    56 steel coatings
    57 structure
    58 technique
    59 temperature
    60 test
    61 testing
    62 thickness
    63 treatment
    64 two-body pin
    65 variety
    66 wear characteristics
    67 wear-resistant applications
    68 wide variety
    69 schema:name Wear-resistant amorphous and nanocomposite steel coatings
    70 schema:pagination 2615-2621
    71 schema:productId N4c867e8c6d6e4be78c40dbe81d5eaaff
    72 Ne71f67efba6f42be8fd6a9134f9ece75
    73 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000222490
    74 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-001-0051-8
    75 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-10-01T06:30
    76 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    77 schema:sdPublisher N59b642f3481a44eba5d0f7e4438d6156
    78 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-001-0051-8
    79 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    80 sgo:sdDataset articles
    81 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    82 N4148cb0c28aa43b88850edf358ab223a schema:volumeNumber 32
    83 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    84 N4c867e8c6d6e4be78c40dbe81d5eaaff schema:name dimensions_id
    85 schema:value pub.1000222490
    86 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    87 N570acbd024444fe3bcd7337e5ec7835d rdf:first sg:person.013760623135.47
    88 rdf:rest N67673b30fb274e789e204b83de110965
    89 N59b642f3481a44eba5d0f7e4438d6156 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    90 rdf:type schema:Organization
    91 N67673b30fb274e789e204b83de110965 rdf:first sg:person.010333157275.24
    92 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    93 N6cf0fecef8194083abd846da6e8076e9 schema:issueNumber 10
    94 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    95 Nac50cb405c224e4086587ac658278a66 rdf:first sg:person.011372164712.22
    96 rdf:rest N570acbd024444fe3bcd7337e5ec7835d
    97 Nd339afe0005148138ed8bd6f9f5754f2 rdf:first sg:person.012315260477.25
    98 rdf:rest Nac50cb405c224e4086587ac658278a66
    99 Ne71f67efba6f42be8fd6a9134f9ece75 schema:name doi
    100 schema:value 10.1007/s11661-001-0051-8
    101 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    102 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    103 schema:name Engineering
    104 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    105 anzsrc-for:0912 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    106 schema:name Materials Engineering
    107 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    108 sg:journal.1136292 schema:issn 1073-5623
    109 1543-1940
    110 schema:name Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A
    111 schema:publisher Springer Nature
    112 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    113 sg:person.010333157275.24 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.417824.c
    114 schema:familyName Fincke
    115 schema:givenName J. R.
    116 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010333157275.24
    117 rdf:type schema:Person
    118 sg:person.011372164712.22 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.417824.c
    119 schema:familyName Swank
    120 schema:givenName W. D.
    121 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011372164712.22
    122 rdf:type schema:Person
    123 sg:person.012315260477.25 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.417824.c
    124 schema:familyName Branagan
    125 schema:givenName D. J.
    126 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012315260477.25
    127 rdf:type schema:Person
    128 sg:person.013760623135.47 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.417824.c
    129 schema:familyName Haggard
    130 schema:givenName D. C.
    131 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013760623135.47
    132 rdf:type schema:Person
    133 sg:pub.10.1007/s11837-999-0010-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019320142
    134 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11837-999-0010-1
    135 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    136 sg:pub.10.1557/s088376940005154x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067964027
    137 https://doi.org/10.1557/s088376940005154x
    138 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    139 sg:pub.10.1557/s0883769400053252 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067964161
    140 https://doi.org/10.1557/s0883769400053252
    141 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    142 grid-institutes:grid.417824.c schema:alternateName the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory, 83415-2218, Idaho Falls, ID
    143 schema:name the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory, 83415-2218, Idaho Falls, ID
    144 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...