Involvement of polyamines in the adventitious rooting of micropropagated shoots of the apple rootstock MM106 View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2008-12-05

AUTHORS

S. Naija, N. Elloumi, S. Ammar, C. Kevers, J. Dommes

ABSTRACT

Apple rootstock MM106 shoots, raised in vitro, rooted at 96.7% after culture on a medium supplemented with an auxin for 5 d in darkness followed by culture on a second medium without growth regulators for 25 d in light. In control conditions (in absence of auxin in the first medium), these shoots did not root. Putrescine (PUT), spermidine (SPD), cyclohexylamine (CHA), and aminoguanidine (AG) enhanced rooting when applied during the first d of culture in the absence of IBA; on the contrary, α-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO) added to the first medium with IBA inhibited rooting. The endogenous levels of indole 3-acetic acid (IAA) and indole 3-acetylaspartic acid (IAAsp) increased up to a maximum concentration at days 2 and 3, respectively, in initial rooting conditions. PUT, when added with IBA, did not affect the typical IAA and IAAsp increase; when applied alone, it provoked an increase of their levels. Similar results were recorded with CHA. SPD, AG, and DFMO did not induce an increase of IAA and IAAsp in nonrooting conditions. The levels of endogenous PUT increased to a maximum at day 2 in rooting conditions; it was slightly affected by exogenous PUT and CHA application but reduced by SPD, AG, and DFMO. In rooting conditions, if the first medium was supplemented with SPD or AG, a small increase in peroxidase activity was observed, similar to that obtained with PUT treatment. The present work indicates an involvement of polyamines in the control of rooting and an interaction with auxins during the physiological phase of rooting. The consequence of this relationship was a different rooting expression, according especially to the content of these regulators in the culture medium. More... »

PAGES

83

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 1998-11. Low activity of amine-oxidases and accumulation of conjugated polyamines in disfavour of organogenic programs in Chrysanthemum leaf disc explants in PLANT CELL, TISSUE AND ORGAN CULTURE (PCTOC)
  • 1992-01. Endogenous indole-3-acetic acid and abscisic acid in apple microcuttings in relation to adventitious root formation in PLANT GROWTH REGULATION
  • 2002-09. Rooting of microcuttings: Theory and practice in IN VITRO CELLULAR & DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY - PLANT
  • 2004-11. Peroxidases during adventitious rooting in cuttings of Arbutus unedo and Taxus baccata as affected by plant genotype and growth regulator treatment in PLANT GROWTH REGULATION
  • 1997. ODC-Mediated Biosynthesis and DAO-Mediated Catabolism of Putrescine Involved in the Induction of Rooting by Leaf Explants of Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat In Vitro in BIOLOGY OF ROOT FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT
  • 1995. Auxin Biosynthesis and Metabolism in PLANT HORMONES
  • 1999-09. In vitro rooting of sentang shoots (Azadirachta excelsa L.) and acclimatization of the plantlets in IN VITRO CELLULAR & DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY - PLANT
  • 2007-03-10. Advances in polyamine research in 2007 in JOURNAL OF PLANT RESEARCH
  • 1994. Peroxidase activity and endogenous free auxin during adventitious root formation in PHYSIOLOGY, GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF PLANTS IN CULTURE
  • 1993-10. Changes in peroxidase activity, auxin level and ethylene production during root formation by poplar shoots raised in vitro in PLANT GROWTH REGULATION
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    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021371656


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    52 content
    53 contrary
    54 control
    55 control condition
    56 control of rooting
    57 culture
    58 culture medium
    59 cyclohexylamine
    60 darkness
    61 day 2
    62 days
    63 different rooting expression
    64 difluoromethylornithine
    65 endogenous levels
    66 endogenous putrescine
    67 exogenous putrescine
    68 expression
    69 first medium
    70 growth regulators
    71 increase
    72 increase of IAA
    73 indole 3-acetic acid
    74 indole 3-acetylaspartic acid
    75 initial rooting conditions
    76 interaction
    77 involvement
    78 involvement of polyamines
    79 levels
    80 light
    81 maximum
    82 maximum concentration
    83 medium
    84 micropropagated shoots
    85 peroxidase activity
    86 phase
    87 physiological phases
    88 polyamines
    89 present work
    90 putrescine
    91 regulator
    92 relationship
    93 results
    94 rooting
    95 rooting conditions
    96 rooting expression
    97 rootstock MM106 shoots
    98 rootstocks
    99 second medium
    100 shoots
    101 similar results
    102 small increase
    103 spermidine
    104 treatment
    105 typical IAA
    106 work
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