Chapter 2: Medical Tests Guidance (2) Developing the Topic and Structuring Systematic Reviews of Medical Tests: Utility of PICOTS, Analytic ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2012-06

AUTHORS

David Samson, Karen M. Schoelles

ABSTRACT

Topic development and structuring a systematic review of diagnostic tests are complementary processes. The goals of a medical test review are to identify and synthesize evidence to evaluate the impacts alternative testing strategies on health outcomes and to promote informed decision making. A common challenge is that the request for a review may state the claim for the test ambiguously. Due to the indirect impact of medical tests on clinical outcomes, reviewers need to identify which intermediate outcomes link a medical test to improved clinical outcomes. In this paper, we propose the use of five principles to deal with challenges: the PICOTS typology (patient population, intervention, comparator, outcomes, timing, setting), analytic frameworks, simple decision trees, other organizing frameworks and rules for when diagnostic accuracy is sufficient. More... »

PAGES

11-19

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11606-012-2007-7

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11606-012-2007-7

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016383917

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22648670


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