Parenchyma-Sparing Resections for Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2012-08-22

AUTHORS

Rim Cherif, Sébastien Gaujoux, Anne Couvelard, Safi Dokmak, Marie-Pierre Vuillerme, Philippe Ruszniewski, Jacques Belghiti, Alain Sauvanet

ABSTRACT

BackgroundParenchyma-sparing pancreatectomy (PSP), including enucleation and central pancreatectomy, has been investigated as an alternative to standard resection for pancreatic endocrine neoplasm, but the benefit/risk of these procedures remains little known.MethodsFrom 1998 to 2010, among 197 patients operated for well-differentiated pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors, 67 underwent PSP (45 enucleations and 22 central pancreatectomies) and 66 standard resections (35 pancreaticoduodenectomies and 31 distal pancreatectomies) for a tumor below 4 cm, without synchronous distant metastasis. Groups were compared regarding postoperative morbidity, mortality, long-term pancreatic function, and survival calculated using the Kaplan–Meier method.ResultsTumors operated by PSP had a median size of 15 mm, were mainly incidentally diagnosed (n = 46, 69 %), and nonfunctioning (n = 55, 82 %). Overall morbidity rate was higher after PSP than standard resection (SR) (76 vs 58 %, p = 0.0028), including more frequent pancreatic fistulas (69 vs 42 %, p = 0.003). Postoperative diabetes was less frequent following PSP than pancreaticoduodenectomy (5 vs 21 %; p = 0.022) but equivalent to the one observed after distal pancreatectomy (4 %, p = 1). Exocrine insufficiency was significantly less frequent after PSP than SR (3 vs 32 %; p < 0.0001). The overall and recurrence-free 5-year survival after PSP for nonfunctioning tumors was 96 and 98 %, respectively.ConclusionIn selected patients, with small and low-grade tumors, PSP are associated with excellent overall and recurrence-free survivals. These procedures are associated with an increased postoperative morbidity but an excellent postoperative pancreatic function. Therefore, they should be considered as a valid therapeutic option in selected well-differentiated pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. More... »

PAGES

2045-2055

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2010-09-08. One Hundred Thirty Resections for Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumor: Evaluating the Impact of Minimally Invasive and Parenchyma-Sparing Techniques in JOURNAL OF GASTROINTESTINAL SURGERY
  • 2010-02-17. Parenchyma-Preserving Resections for Small Nonfunctioning Pancreatic Endocrine Tumors in ANNALS OF SURGICAL ONCOLOGY
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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11605-012-2002-7

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11605-012-2002-7

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025123398

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22911124


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    32 schema:description BackgroundParenchyma-sparing pancreatectomy (PSP), including enucleation and central pancreatectomy, has been investigated as an alternative to standard resection for pancreatic endocrine neoplasm, but the benefit/risk of these procedures remains little known.MethodsFrom 1998 to 2010, among 197 patients operated for well-differentiated pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors, 67 underwent PSP (45 enucleations and 22 central pancreatectomies) and 66 standard resections (35 pancreaticoduodenectomies and 31 distal pancreatectomies) for a tumor below 4 cm, without synchronous distant metastasis. Groups were compared regarding postoperative morbidity, mortality, long-term pancreatic function, and survival calculated using the Kaplan–Meier method.ResultsTumors operated by PSP had a median size of 15 mm, were mainly incidentally diagnosed (n = 46, 69 %), and nonfunctioning (n = 55, 82 %). Overall morbidity rate was higher after PSP than standard resection (SR) (76 vs 58 %, p = 0.0028), including more frequent pancreatic fistulas (69 vs 42 %, p = 0.003). Postoperative diabetes was less frequent following PSP than pancreaticoduodenectomy (5 vs 21 %; p = 0.022) but equivalent to the one observed after distal pancreatectomy (4 %, p = 1). Exocrine insufficiency was significantly less frequent after PSP than SR (3 vs 32 %; p < 0.0001). The overall and recurrence-free 5-year survival after PSP for nonfunctioning tumors was 96 and 98 %, respectively.ConclusionIn selected patients, with small and low-grade tumors, PSP are associated with excellent overall and recurrence-free survivals. These procedures are associated with an increased postoperative morbidity but an excellent postoperative pancreatic function. Therefore, they should be considered as a valid therapeutic option in selected well-differentiated pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors.
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