Type of activity and fitness benefits as moderators of the effect of physical activity on affect in advanced age: a ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2009-04

AUTHORS

Yael Netz

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to review studies exploring the effect of physical activity on affect in advanced age with a special focus on the moderating role of fitness improvement and mode of exercise and to examine those studies in relation to the potential mechanisms for explaining the physical activity–affect relationship. Studies were assembled through a computer search of online psychological, medical, and exercise science databases. Randomized controlled studies having as their purpose the examination of physical activity effects on affect, with a mean sample population age of at least 50 years, were included. Thirty-nine studies were collated and divided into three groups: those applying aerobic activity, those applying strength training, and those applying non-specific physical activity. The main finding was that aerobic exercise and aerobic fitness do not moderate the effect of physical activity on affect. While fewer than 50% of the aerobic studies reporting fitness improvement also reported improvement in affect, over 50% of the strength training studies and of the non-specific exercise studies reported improvement in affect. Theories with a physiological orientation claiming that aerobic fitness is the mediator between physical activity and affect are not supported, whereas theories with a psychological orientation maintaining that alterations in affect are not dependent on physiological alterations do receive support. It is argued that the differentiation between physiologically and psychologically oriented theories is arbitrary. It is recommended that the relationship between physical activity and affect be explored further, embracing a psychophysiological perspective in which the psychological and physiological perspectives are complementary. More... »

PAGES

19

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11556-009-0043-z

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11556-009-0043-z

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009438121


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