A systematic review of peer review for scientific manuscripts View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2012-03

AUTHORS

Bradley P. Larson, Kevin C. Chung

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The usefulness of peer review has been expressed as a method to improve the quality of published work. However, there has been a lack of systematic reviews to date to highlight the essential themes of the peer-review process. METHODS: We performed a search of the English language literature published prior to October 2011 using PubMed to identify articles regarding peer review. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were developed a priori. Data were extracted and then analyzed for the prevalence of peer-review themes contained within the literature. RESULTS: Of the 941 articles found during our original literature search, 37 were selected for review. The majority were commentary/editorial articles. The themes in our search included the structure and process of the peer-review system, the criteria for papers, ethics, and the different forms of the peer-review process. CONCLUSIONS: The criteria for submission will vary, but our systematic review provides a comprehensive overview of what reviewers expect from authors. Our systematic review also highlighted ethical considerations for both authors and reviewers during the peer-review process. Although the topic of peer review is expansive and its process may vary from journal to journal, the understanding of the themes outlined in this paper will help authors recognize how to write a more successful paper. Also, more research must be carried out to establish the efficacy of the different styles of peer review, and it would be presumptuous to draw conclusions until further research is established. More... »

PAGES

37-44

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2008-02. Working double-blind in NATURE
  • 2002-09. Serving as a reviewer in KIDNEY INTERNATIONAL
  • 2008-12. Conflict of Interest, Journal Review, and Publication Policy in NEUROPSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY
  • 2008-12. Content and communication: How can peer review provide helpful feedback about the writing? in BMC MEDICAL RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
  • 2010-12. Classical peer review: an empty gun in BREAST CANCER RESEARCH
  • 2006-04. Peer Review System: Any Other Choice? in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HEMATOLOGY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11552-012-9392-6

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11552-012-9392-6

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23449238


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    55 schema:description BACKGROUND: The usefulness of peer review has been expressed as a method to improve the quality of published work. However, there has been a lack of systematic reviews to date to highlight the essential themes of the peer-review process. METHODS: We performed a search of the English language literature published prior to October 2011 using PubMed to identify articles regarding peer review. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were developed a priori. Data were extracted and then analyzed for the prevalence of peer-review themes contained within the literature. RESULTS: Of the 941 articles found during our original literature search, 37 were selected for review. The majority were commentary/editorial articles. The themes in our search included the structure and process of the peer-review system, the criteria for papers, ethics, and the different forms of the peer-review process. CONCLUSIONS: The criteria for submission will vary, but our systematic review provides a comprehensive overview of what reviewers expect from authors. Our systematic review also highlighted ethical considerations for both authors and reviewers during the peer-review process. Although the topic of peer review is expansive and its process may vary from journal to journal, the understanding of the themes outlined in this paper will help authors recognize how to write a more successful paper. Also, more research must be carried out to establish the efficacy of the different styles of peer review, and it would be presumptuous to draw conclusions until further research is established.
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