Mentorship in surgical training: a systematic review View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2012-03

AUTHORS

Pouya Entezami, Lauren E. Franzblau, Kevin C. Chung

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This review systematically examines the literature regarding mentor-mentee relationships in surgery. BACKGROUND: The usefulness of mentorship in surgical training has been expressed in many articles. However, to date, there has been no systematic review on mentoring surgical trainees. This surgical environment is different from other areas of medicine and requires young surgeons to learn skills not readily available from textbooks. Instead, mentors are a valuable mode of transferring this knowledge to the next generation of surgeons. Thus, mentorship is a worthy area of research and attention. METHODS: We identified all articles discussing mentorship in surgery between January 1985 and August 2010 using PubMed and ISI Web of Knowledge. Predetermined exclusion and inclusion criteria were used to screen articles by title, abstract, and full text in sequence. We extracted the relevant data, and then analyzed the prevalence of major surgical mentoring themes in the literature. RESULTS: Of the 1,091 unique articles found during our original literature search, 38 were selected for review. The majority (68%) were commentary/editorial articles. The most discussed themes include the desirable qualities of a surgical mentor, the structure of mentor-mentee relationships, and advice for overcoming barriers to mentoring. Much less discussed themes include the desirable traits in a mentee and the appreciation of generational and cultural differences in mentorship. CONCLUSIONS: Several barriers to effective surgical mentoring were identified, such as time constraints and a lack of female mentors. By focusing on the positive traits found in this review, for example, developing formal programs to alleviate time constraints, these barriers can be overcome and effective mentor-mentee relationships can be built. Many articles draw attention to the dying art of mentorship in surgical training programs, and currently, the literature on mentorship in surgery is somewhat scarce. These concerns should serve as motivation to revive mentorship in surgery education and to expand the literature regarding underexplored themes and overcoming the current barriers. Although mentorship may not always take on a structured form, it should not be treated casually because proper mentorship is the foundation for training quality surgeons. More... »

PAGES

30-36

Journal

TITLE

HAND

ISSUE

1

VOLUME

7

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11552-011-9379-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11552-011-9379-8

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031986990

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23448749


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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11552-011-9379-8'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11552-011-9379-8'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

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RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11552-011-9379-8'


 

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