Radiation dose and image quality with new protocol in lower extremity computed tomography angiography View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-03

AUTHORS

Nicolò Schicchi, Marco Fogante, Matteo Oliva, Paolo Esposto Pirani, Giacomo Agliata, Gian Marco Giuseppetti, Andrea Giovagnoni

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To compare radiation dose and image quality of lower extremity computed tomography angiography (CTA) between cranio-caudal acquisition with single-source CT (SSCT) and flash caudo-cranial acquisition with dual-source CT (DSCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective study, 60 patients were randomly assigned to Group A (control) or Group B (experimental) to undergo lower extremity CTA for peripheral obliterative arterial disease. Group A received protocol 1 (P1) with SSCT cranio-caudal acquisition. Group B received protocol (P2) with DSCT flash caudo-cranial acquisition. Intravascular attenuation (IVA), signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) and image noise were compared. Two radiologists assessed the image quality. Computed tomography volume dose index (CTDIvol) and dose-length product (DLP) were also compared. RESULTS: IVA with P2 was higher than with P1 (586.8 ± 140.3 vs. 496.1 ± 129.3 HU, p = 0.011), as was SNR (33.0 ± 11.3 vs. 27.4 ± 12.3; p = 0.042), CNR (30.1 ± 13.3 vs. 24.2 ± 10.3; p = 0.029) and image quality score of small arteries below the knee (3.8 ± 0.2 vs. 3.1 ± 0.2; p = 0.001). Radiation dose was significantly lower in P2 than in P1 with CTDIvol reduction of 40.9% (1.3 ± 0.1 vs. 2.2 ± 0.3 mGy; p = 0.006) and DLP reduction of 42.8% (148.7 ± 21.9 vs 260.2 ± 59.1 mGy * cm; p = 0.018). CONCLUSION: Lower extremity CTA with DSCT flash caudo-cranial acquisition allows lower radiation dose with higher IVA, SNR, CNR and better image quality for small arteries below the knee than SSCT cranio-caudal acquisition. More... »

PAGES

184-190

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11547-018-0963-7

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11547-018-0963-7

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1110203401

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30478814


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N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

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Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

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RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11547-018-0963-7'


 

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52 schema:description PURPOSE: To compare radiation dose and image quality of lower extremity computed tomography angiography (CTA) between cranio-caudal acquisition with single-source CT (SSCT) and flash caudo-cranial acquisition with dual-source CT (DSCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective study, 60 patients were randomly assigned to Group A (control) or Group B (experimental) to undergo lower extremity CTA for peripheral obliterative arterial disease. Group A received protocol 1 (P1) with SSCT cranio-caudal acquisition. Group B received protocol (P2) with DSCT flash caudo-cranial acquisition. Intravascular attenuation (IVA), signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) and image noise were compared. Two radiologists assessed the image quality. Computed tomography volume dose index (CTDIvol) and dose-length product (DLP) were also compared. RESULTS: IVA with P2 was higher than with P1 (586.8 ± 140.3 vs. 496.1 ± 129.3 HU, p = 0.011), as was SNR (33.0 ± 11.3 vs. 27.4 ± 12.3; p = 0.042), CNR (30.1 ± 13.3 vs. 24.2 ± 10.3; p = 0.029) and image quality score of small arteries below the knee (3.8 ± 0.2 vs. 3.1 ± 0.2; p = 0.001). Radiation dose was significantly lower in P2 than in P1 with CTDIvol reduction of 40.9% (1.3 ± 0.1 vs. 2.2 ± 0.3 mGy; p = 0.006) and DLP reduction of 42.8% (148.7 ± 21.9 vs 260.2 ± 59.1 mGy * cm; p = 0.018). CONCLUSION: Lower extremity CTA with DSCT flash caudo-cranial acquisition allows lower radiation dose with higher IVA, SNR, CNR and better image quality for small arteries below the knee than SSCT cranio-caudal acquisition.
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