Microeconomics of Metabolism: The Warburg Effect as Giffen Behaviour View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2021-10-31

AUTHORS

Jumpei F. Yamagishi, Tetsuhiro S. Hatakeyama

ABSTRACT

Metabolic behaviours of proliferating cells are often explained as a consequence of rational optimization of cellular growth rate, whereas microeconomics formulates consumption behaviours as optimization problems. Here, we pushed beyond the analogy to precisely map metabolism onto the theory of consumer choice. We thereby revealed the correspondence between long-standing mysteries in both fields: the Warburg effect, a seemingly wasteful but ubiquitous strategy where cells favour aerobic glycolysis over more energetically efficient oxidative phosphorylation, and Giffen behaviour, the unexpected consumer behaviour where a good is demanded more as its price rises. We identified the minimal, universal requirements for the Warburg effect: a trade-off between oxidative phosphorylation and aerobic glycolysis and complementarity, i.e. impossibility of substitution for different metabolites. Thus, various hypotheses for the Warburg effect are integrated into an identical optimization problem with the same universal structure. Besides, the correspondence between the Warburg effect and Giffen behaviour implies that oxidative phosphorylation is counter-intuitively stimulated when its efficiency is decreased by metabolic perturbations such as drug administration or mitochondrial dysfunction; the concept of Giffen behaviour bridges the Warburg effect and the reverse Warburg effect. This highlights that the application of microeconomics to metabolism can offer new predictions and paradigms for both biology and economics. More... »

PAGES

120

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11538-021-00952-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11538-021-00952-x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1142292314

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34718881


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