The Critical Roles of Information and Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics in Evolution of Living Systems View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2013-04

AUTHORS

Robert A. Gatenby, B. Roy Frieden

ABSTRACT

Living cells are spatially bounded, low entropy systems that, although far from thermodynamic equilibrium, have persisted for billions of years. Schrödinger, Prigogine, and others explored the physical principles of living systems primarily in terms of the thermodynamics of order, energy, and entropy. This provided valuable insights, but not a comprehensive model. We propose the first principles of living systems must include: (1) Information dynamics, which permits conversion of energy to order through synthesis of specific and reproducible, structurally-ordered components; and (2) Nonequilibrium thermodynamics, which generate Darwinian forces that optimize the system.Living systems are fundamentally unstable because they exist far from thermodynamic equilibrium, but this apparently precarious state allows critical response that includes: (1) Feedback so that loss of order due to environmental perturbations generate information that initiates a corresponding response to restore baseline state. (2) Death due to a return to thermodynamic equilibrium to rapidly eliminate systems that cannot maintain order in local conditions. (3) Mitosis that rewards very successful systems, even when they attain order that is too high to be sustainable by environmental energy, by dividing so that each daughter cell has a much smaller energy requirement. Thus, nonequilibrium thermodynamics are ultimately responsible for Darwinian forces that optimize system dynamics, conferring robustness sufficient to allow continuous existence of living systems over billions of years. More... »

PAGES

589-601

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11538-013-9821-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11538-013-9821-x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046263528

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23456476


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