Experiences of Social Stigma and Implications For Healthcare Among a Diverse Population of HIV Positive Adults View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2007-11

AUTHORS

Jennifer N. Sayles, Gery W. Ryan, Junell S. Silver, Catherine A. Sarkisian, William E. Cunningham

ABSTRACT

Stigma profoundly affects the lives of people with HIV/AIDS. Fear of being identified as having HIV or AIDS may discourage a person from getting tested, from accessing medical services and medications, and from disclosing their HIV status to family and friends. In the present study, we use focus groups to identify the most salient domains of stigma and the coping strategies that may be common to a group of diverse, low-income women and men living with HIV in Los Angeles, CA (n = 48). We also explore the impact of stigma on health and healthcare among HIV positive persons in our sample. Results indicate that the most salient domains of stigma include: blame and stereotypes of HIV, fear of contagion, disclosure of a stigmatized role, and renegotiating social contracts. We use the analysis to develop a framework where stigma is viewed as a social process composed of the struggle for both internal change (self-acceptance) and reintegration into the community. We discuss implications of HIV-related stigma for the mental and physical health of HIV-positive women and men and suggestions for possible interventions to address stigma in the healthcare setting. More... »

PAGES

814

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11524-007-9220-4

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11524-007-9220-4

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039231240

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17786561


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52 schema:description Stigma profoundly affects the lives of people with HIV/AIDS. Fear of being identified as having HIV or AIDS may discourage a person from getting tested, from accessing medical services and medications, and from disclosing their HIV status to family and friends. In the present study, we use focus groups to identify the most salient domains of stigma and the coping strategies that may be common to a group of diverse, low-income women and men living with HIV in Los Angeles, CA (n = 48). We also explore the impact of stigma on health and healthcare among HIV positive persons in our sample. Results indicate that the most salient domains of stigma include: blame and stereotypes of HIV, fear of contagion, disclosure of a stigmatized role, and renegotiating social contracts. We use the analysis to develop a framework where stigma is viewed as a social process composed of the struggle for both internal change (self-acceptance) and reintegration into the community. We discuss implications of HIV-related stigma for the mental and physical health of HIV-positive women and men and suggestions for possible interventions to address stigma in the healthcare setting.
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