Fundamentals of the analytic network process — Dependence and feedback in decision-making with a single network View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2004-04

AUTHORS

Thomas L. Saaty

ABSTRACT

The Analytic Network Process (ANP) is a multicriteria theory of measurement used to derive relative priority scales of absolute numbers from individual judgments (or from actual measurements normalized to a relative form) that also belong to a fundamental scale of absolute numbers. These judgments represent the relative influence, of one of two elements over the other in a pairwise comparison process on a third element in the system, with respect to an underlying control criterion. Through its supermatrix, whose entries are themselves matrices of column priorities, the ANP synthesizes the outcome of dependence and feedback within and between clusters of elements. The Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) with its independence assumptions on upper levels from lower levels and the independence of the elements in a level is a special case of the ANP. The ANP is an essential tool for articulating our understanding of a decision problem. One had to overcome the limitation of linear hierarchic structures and their mathematical consequences. This part on the ANP summarizes and illustrates the basic concepts of the ANP and shows how informed intuitive judgments can lead to real life answers that are matched by actual measurements in the real world (for example, relative dollar values) as illustrated in market share examples that rely on judgments and not on numerical data. More... »

PAGES

129-157

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1992. Presidential Elections, the Superconducting Supercollider, and Organ Transplant Decisions in MULTIPLE CRITERIA DECISION MAKING
  • 2004-03. Decision making — the Analytic Hierarchy and Network Processes (AHP/ANP) in JOURNAL OF SYSTEMS SCIENCE AND SYSTEMS ENGINEERING
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11518-006-0158-y

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11518-006-0158-y

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