Relativistic quantum effects of Dirac particles simulated by ultracold atoms View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2012-02

AUTHORS

Dan-wei Zhang, Zi-dan Wang, Shi-liang Zhu

ABSTRACT

Quantum simulation is a powerful tool to study a variety of problems in physics, ranging from high-energy physics to condensed-matter physics. In this article, we review the recent theoretical and experimental progress in quantum simulation of Dirac equation with tunable parameters by using ultracold neutral atoms trapped in optical lattices or subject to light-induced synthetic gauge fields. The effective theories for the quasiparticles become relativistic under certain conditions in these systems, making them ideal platforms for studying the exotic relativistic effects. We focus on the realization of one, two, and three dimensional Dirac equations as well as the detection of some relativistic effects, including particularly the well-known Zitterbewegung effect and Klein tunneling. The realization of quantum anomalous Hall effects is also briefly discussed. More... »

PAGES

31-53

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11467-011-0223-y

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11467-011-0223-y

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    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048514299


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