Analysis of reconstructed annual precipitation from tree-rings for the past 500 years in the middle Qilian Mountain View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2012-05

AUTHORS

QinHua Tian, XiuJi Zhou, XiaoHua Gou, Ping Zhao, ZeXin Fan, Samuli Helama

ABSTRACT

The ring-width chronology of a Juniperus przewalskii tree from the middle of the Qilian Mountain was constructed to estimate the annual precipitation (from previous August to current July) since AD 1480. The reconstruction showed four major alternations of drying and wetting over the past 521 years. The rainy 16th century was followed by persistent drought in the 17th century. Moreover, relatively wet conditions persisted from the 18th to the beginning of 20th century until the recurrence of a drought during the 1920s and 1930s. Based on the Empirical Mode Decomposition method, eight Intrinsic Mode Functions (IMFs) were extracted, each representing unique fluctuations of the reconstructed precipitation in the time-frequency domain. The high amplitudes of IMFs on different timescales were often consistent with the high amount of precipitation, and vice versa. The IMF of the lowest frequency indicated that the precipitation has undergone a slow increasing trend over the past 521 years. The 2–3 year and 5–8 year time-scales reflected the characteristics of inter-annual variability in precipitation relevant to regional atmospheric circulation and the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO), respectively. The 10–13 year scale of IMF may be associated with changing solar activity. Specifically, an amalgamation of previous and present data showed that droughts were likely to be a historically persistent feature of the Earth’s climate, whereas the probability of intensified rainfall events seemed to increase during the course of the 19th and 20th centuries. These changing characteristics in precipitation indicate an unprecedented alteration of the hydrological cycle, with unknown future amplitude. Our reconstruction complements existing information on past precipitation changes in the Qilian Mountain, and provides additional low-frequency information More... »

PAGES

770-778

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2010-07. The prediction of non-stationary climate series based on empirical mode decomposition in ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES
  • 2006-04. The twentieth century was the wettest period in northern Pakistan over the past millennium in NATURE
  • 2010-12. Tree ring based streamflow reconstruction for the Upper Yellow River over the past 1234 years in SCIENCE BULLETIN
  • 2005. Reconstruction of precipitation variation from tree rings in recent 1000 years in Delingha, Qinghai in SCIENCE IN CHINA SERIES D EARTH SCIENCES
  • 2005-04. Temperature variations recovered from tree-rings in the middle Qilian Mountain over the last millennium in SCIENCE IN CHINA SERIES D EARTH SCIENCES
  • 2006-04. Precipitation variation in the northeastern Tibetan Plateau recorded by the tree rings since 850 AD and its relevance to the Northern Hemisphere temperature in SCIENCE IN CHINA SERIES D EARTH SCIENCES
  • 2002-08. Wavelet Analysis of solar, solar wind and geomagnetic parameters in SOLAR PHYSICS
  • 2009-03. Annual temperatures during the last 2485 years in the mid-eastern Tibetan Plateau inferred from tree rings in SCIENCE IN CHINA SERIES D EARTH SCIENCES
  • 2004-12. Annual precipitation since 515 BC reconstructed from living and fossil juniper growth of northeastern Qinghai Province, China in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2006-12. The 1920S Drought Recorded by Tree Rings and Historical Documents in the Semi-Arid and Arid Areas of Northern China in CLIMATIC CHANGE
  • 2009-07. Drought reconstruction in the Qilian Mountains over the last two centuries and its implications for large-scale moisture patterns in ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES
  • 1995. Interpreting High-Resolution Proxy Climate Data — The Example of Dendroclimatology in ANALYSIS OF CLIMATE VARIABILITY
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    DOI

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    DIMENSIONS

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