Effective mitigation of nitrate leaching and nitrous oxide emissions in intensive vegetable production systems using a nitrification inhibitor, dicyandiamide View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2011-07

AUTHORS

Min Cui, Xuecheng Sun, Chengxiao Hu, Hong J. Di, Qiling Tan, Changsheng Zhao

ABSTRACT

Vegetable production is one of the most intensive agricultural systems with high rates of nitrogen (N) fertilizer use and irrigation, conditions conducive for nitrate (NO3−) leaching, and nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions. The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a nitrification inhibitor, dicyandiamide (DCD), in decreasing NO3− leaching and N2O emissions in vegetable production systems. Twenty-four undisturbed soil monolith lysimeters (610 mm in diameter; 700 mm in depth; surface area, 0.29 m2) with two different soils, Huangzongrang (alfisol) and Chaotu (fluvisols), were collected and installed in a field lysimeter facility in Central China under irrigated vegetable production conditions. Urea fertilizer was applied at 650 kg N ha−1, and DCD was applied at 10 kg ha−1 to the lysimeters planted with three kinds of vegetables (capsicum, Capsicum annuum L.; amaranth, Amaranthus mangostanus L.; radish, Raphanus sativus L.). The results showed that DCD reduced NO3− leaching by 58.5% and 36.2% and N2O emissions factor by 83.8% and 72.7% in the two soils. The average NO3−–N concentration in the drainage water was decreased from 4.9 mg N L−1 to 2.3 mg N L−1 and from 4.4 mg N L−1 to 3.3 mg N L−1, in the Huangzongrang and Chaotu soils, respectively. In addition to the environmental benefits, the use of DCD also increased the yields of capsicum and radish in alfisol soil significantly (P < 0.01); only the amaranth yield in fluvisol soil was declined (P < 0.01), and the other vegetables yields were not affected. Total N concentrations of the three vegetables were increased significantly (P < 0.01) with the application of DCD with urea compared with urea alone. These results showed that the nitrification inhibitor DCD has the potential to significantly reduce NO3− leaching and N2O emissions and to make vegetable farming more environmentally friendly. These results demonstrated that the use of the nitrification inhibitor DCD can significantly reduce NO3− leaching, N2O emissions, and the average NO3−–N concentration in the drainage water, while increasing the fertilizer N efficiency in the vegetable production system. More... »

PAGES

722-730

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11368-011-0357-0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11368-011-0357-0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046824884


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45 schema:description Vegetable production is one of the most intensive agricultural systems with high rates of nitrogen (N) fertilizer use and irrigation, conditions conducive for nitrate (NO3−) leaching, and nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions. The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a nitrification inhibitor, dicyandiamide (DCD), in decreasing NO3− leaching and N2O emissions in vegetable production systems. Twenty-four undisturbed soil monolith lysimeters (610 mm in diameter; 700 mm in depth; surface area, 0.29 m2) with two different soils, Huangzongrang (alfisol) and Chaotu (fluvisols), were collected and installed in a field lysimeter facility in Central China under irrigated vegetable production conditions. Urea fertilizer was applied at 650 kg N ha−1, and DCD was applied at 10 kg ha−1 to the lysimeters planted with three kinds of vegetables (capsicum, Capsicum annuum L.; amaranth, Amaranthus mangostanus L.; radish, Raphanus sativus L.). The results showed that DCD reduced NO3− leaching by 58.5% and 36.2% and N2O emissions factor by 83.8% and 72.7% in the two soils. The average NO3−–N concentration in the drainage water was decreased from 4.9 mg N L−1 to 2.3 mg N L−1 and from 4.4 mg N L−1 to 3.3 mg N L−1, in the Huangzongrang and Chaotu soils, respectively. In addition to the environmental benefits, the use of DCD also increased the yields of capsicum and radish in alfisol soil significantly (P < 0.01); only the amaranth yield in fluvisol soil was declined (P < 0.01), and the other vegetables yields were not affected. Total N concentrations of the three vegetables were increased significantly (P < 0.01) with the application of DCD with urea compared with urea alone. These results showed that the nitrification inhibitor DCD has the potential to significantly reduce NO3− leaching and N2O emissions and to make vegetable farming more environmentally friendly. These results demonstrated that the use of the nitrification inhibitor DCD can significantly reduce NO3− leaching, N2O emissions, and the average NO3−–N concentration in the drainage water, while increasing the fertilizer N efficiency in the vegetable production system.
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