Challenges of including human exposure to chemicals in food packaging as a new exposure pathway in life cycle impact assessment View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-03

AUTHORS

Alexi Ernstoff, Monia Niero, Jane Muncke, Xenia Trier, Ralph K. Rosenbaum, Michael Hauschild, Peter Fantke

ABSTRACT

Limiting exposure to potentially toxic chemicals in food packaging can lead to environmental impact trade-offs. No available tool, however, considers trade-offs between environmental impacts of packaging systems and exposure to potentially toxic chemicals in food packaging. This study therefore explores the research needs for extending life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) to include exposure to chemicals in food packaging. The LCIA framework for human toxicity was extended for the first time to include consumer exposure to chemicals in food packaging through the product intake fraction (PiF) metric. The related exposure pathway was added to LCIA without other modifications to the existing toxicity characterization framework used by USEtox®, i.e., effect factor derivation. The developed method was applied to a high impact polystyrene (HIPS) container case study with the functional unit of providing 1 kg of yogurt in single servings. Various exposure scenarios were considered, including an evidence-based scenario using concentration data and a migration model. Human toxicity impact scores in comparative toxic units (CTUh) for the use stage were evaluated and then compared to human toxicity impact scores from a conventional LCIA methodology. Data allowed toxicity characterization of use stage exposure to only seven chemicals in HIPS out of fourty-four identified. Data required were the initial concentration of chemicals in food packaging, chemical mass transfer from packaging into food, and relevant toxicity information. Toxicity characterization demonstrated that the combined CTUh for HIPS material acquisition, manufacturing, and disposal stages exceeded the toxicity scores related to consumer exposure to previously estimated concentrations of the seven characterizable chemicals in HIPS, by about two orders of magnitude. The CTUh associated with consumer exposure became relevant when migration was above 0.1% of the European regulatory levels. Results emphasize missing data for chemical concentrations in food contact materials and a need to expand the current USEtox method for effect factor derivation (e.g., to consider endocrine disruption, mixture toxicity, background exposure, and thresholds when relevant). An LCIA method was developed to include consumer exposure to chemicals in food packaging. Further study is required to assess realistic scenarios to inform decisions and policies, such as circular economy, which can lead to trade-offs between environmental impacts and potentially toxic chemicals in packaging. To apply the developed method, data regarding occurrence, concentration, and toxicity of chemicals in food packaging are needed. Revisiting the derivation of effect factors in future work could improve the interpretation of human toxicity impact scores. More... »

PAGES

543-552

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11367-018-1569-y

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11367-018-1569-y

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1110535883


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1117", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Public Health and Health Services", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "\u00c9cole Polytechnique F\u00e9d\u00e9rale de Lausanne", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5333.6", 
          "name": [
            "Quantitative Sustainability Assessment Division, Department of Management Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Diplomvej 371, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark", 
            "Quantis International, EPFL Innovation Park, Bat. D,, 1015, Lausanne, Switzerland"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Ernstoff", 
        "givenName": "Alexi", 
        "id": "sg:person.01246473121.49", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01246473121.49"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Aalborg University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5117.2", 
          "name": [
            "Quantitative Sustainability Assessment Division, Department of Management Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Diplomvej 371, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark", 
            "Department of Planning, Aalborg University, A.C. Meyers Vaenge 15, 2450, Copenhagen, Denmark"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Niero", 
        "givenName": "Monia", 
        "id": "sg:person.0676164456.00", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0676164456.00"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Food Packaging Forum Foundation, Staffelstrasse 8, 8045, Zurich, Switzerland"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Muncke", 
        "givenName": "Jane", 
        "id": "sg:person.01162547436.86", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01162547436.86"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Technical University of Denmark", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5170.3", 
          "name": [
            "Analytical Food Chemistry, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Trier", 
        "givenName": "Xenia", 
        "id": "sg:person.0671155162.79", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0671155162.79"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "National Research Institute of Science and Technology for Environment and Agriculture", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.48142.3b", 
          "name": [
            "IRSTEA, UMR ITAP, ELSA LCA Research Group & ELSA-PACT \u2013 Industrial Chair, 361 rue Jean-Fran\u00e7ois Breton, BP 5095, 34196, Montpellier, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Rosenbaum", 
        "givenName": "Ralph K.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01072621417.10", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01072621417.10"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Technical University of Denmark", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5170.3", 
          "name": [
            "Quantitative Sustainability Assessment Division, Department of Management Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Diplomvej 371, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Hauschild", 
        "givenName": "Michael", 
        "id": "sg:person.01362127103.47", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01362127103.47"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Technical University of Denmark", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5170.3", 
          "name": [
            "Quantitative Sustainability Assessment Division, Department of Management Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Diplomvej 371, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Fantke", 
        "givenName": "Peter", 
        "id": "sg:person.0750563073.37", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0750563073.37"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es8018176", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000030227"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es8018176", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000030227"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2016.05.012", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002050478"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2016.05.012", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002050478"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tifs.2006.12.008", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003207616"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/02652030400028035", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005900420"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/jech-2013-202593", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007570578"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/19440049.2013.862348", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008382319"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scp.2015.08.001", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008710785"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11367-008-0052-6", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011685148", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11367-008-0052-6"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/1541-4337.12020", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011715499"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-94-017-9744-3_5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012709082", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-9744-3_5"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.5b00498", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013675606"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.coph.2014.08.006", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013878968"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11367-011-0316-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014591046", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11367-011-0316-4"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.10846", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017138284"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.10334", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018711758"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2016.03.014", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018829134"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2016.03.014", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018829134"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.06.118", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020068520"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.06.118", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020068520"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.06.118", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020068520"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.07.065", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020676112"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.07.065", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020676112"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.07.065", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020676112"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/1075547010377879", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022290853"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/1075547010377879", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022290853"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740610413", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022303911"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2015.06.014", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022324275"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2016.06.010", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022440665"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2016.06.010", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022440665"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11367-011-0248-z", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023072486", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11367-011-0248-z"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/0265203031000122021", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023109758"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.5b00441", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023121835"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.5b00441", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023121835"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2013.04.009", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023779940"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2016.04.012", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025209010"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es703145t", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030172907"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es703145t", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030172907"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/19440049.2013.878040", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030429410"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1897/2004-007r.1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032004271"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1897/2004-007r.1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032004271"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/19440049.2014.931600", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033611942"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3109/10408444.2014.952400", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036840379"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11367-008-0038-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041923815", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11367-008-0038-4"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.8100", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044013012"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsbmb.2010.10.004", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044238051"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.5b00890", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044297413"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.12.001", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045206623"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11367-014-0795-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046122004", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11367-014-0795-1"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11367-014-0795-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046122004", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11367-014-0795-1"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1476-069x-10-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049403649", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1476-069x-10-9"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11367-016-1115-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050562628", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11367-016-1115-8"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2014.08.003", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051803894"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02978624", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051918123", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02978624"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02978624", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051918123", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02978624"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfv171", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053305935"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.reprotox.2013.07.023", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053622668"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.5b01083", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055087591"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.5b03806", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055088221"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.6b02277", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055089257"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/bk-1995-0609.ch036", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1089360744"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1201/b19138", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1095908072"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101901209", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2019-03", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2019-03-01", 
    "description": "Limiting exposure to potentially toxic chemicals in food packaging can lead to environmental impact trade-offs. No available tool, however, considers trade-offs between environmental impacts of packaging systems and exposure to potentially toxic chemicals in food packaging. This study therefore explores the research needs for extending life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) to include exposure to chemicals in food packaging. The LCIA framework for human toxicity was extended for the first time to include consumer exposure to chemicals in food packaging through the product intake fraction (PiF) metric. The related exposure pathway was added to LCIA without other modifications to the existing toxicity characterization framework used by USEtox\u00ae, i.e., effect factor derivation. The developed method was applied to a high impact polystyrene (HIPS) container case study with the functional unit of providing 1 kg of yogurt in single servings. Various exposure scenarios were considered, including an evidence-based scenario using concentration data and a migration model. Human toxicity impact scores in comparative toxic units (CTUh) for the use stage were evaluated and then compared to human toxicity impact scores from a conventional LCIA methodology. Data allowed toxicity characterization of use stage exposure to only seven chemicals in HIPS out of fourty-four identified. Data required were the initial concentration of chemicals in food packaging, chemical mass transfer from packaging into food, and relevant toxicity information. Toxicity characterization demonstrated that the combined CTUh for HIPS material acquisition, manufacturing, and disposal stages exceeded the toxicity scores related to consumer exposure to previously estimated concentrations of the seven characterizable chemicals in HIPS, by about two orders of magnitude. The CTUh associated with consumer exposure became relevant when migration was above 0.1% of the European regulatory levels. Results emphasize missing data for chemical concentrations in food contact materials and a need to expand the current USEtox method for effect factor derivation (e.g., to consider endocrine disruption, mixture toxicity, background exposure, and thresholds when relevant). An LCIA method was developed to include consumer exposure to chemicals in food packaging. Further study is required to assess realistic scenarios to inform decisions and policies, such as circular economy, which can lead to trade-offs between environmental impacts and potentially toxic chemicals in packaging. To apply the developed method, data regarding occurrence, concentration, and toxicity of chemicals in food packaging are needed. Revisiting the derivation of effect factors in future work could improve the interpretation of human toxicity impact scores.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11367-018-1569-y", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1051923", 
        "issn": [
          "0948-3349", 
          "1614-7502"
        ], 
        "name": "The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "3", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "24"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Challenges of including human exposure to chemicals in food packaging as a new exposure pathway in life cycle impact assessment", 
    "pagination": "543-552", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "365a86d86aa07badc052c782f402a331a93136caea1281a38fa661c28e7f7cbd"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s11367-018-1569-y"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1110535883"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11367-018-1569-y", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1110535883"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T11:11", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000353_0000000353/records_45351_00000002.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs11367-018-1569-y"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11367-018-1569-y'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11367-018-1569-y'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11367-018-1569-y'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11367-018-1569-y'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

275 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      77 URIs      19 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s11367-018-1569-y schema:about anzsrc-for:11
2 anzsrc-for:1117
3 schema:author N66da7e00d4c146a6b567ef17c30dac95
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/978-94-017-9744-3_5
5 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02978624
6 sg:pub.10.1007/s11367-008-0038-4
7 sg:pub.10.1007/s11367-008-0052-6
8 sg:pub.10.1007/s11367-011-0248-z
9 sg:pub.10.1007/s11367-011-0316-4
10 sg:pub.10.1007/s11367-014-0795-1
11 sg:pub.10.1007/s11367-016-1115-8
12 sg:pub.10.1186/1476-069x-10-9
13 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101901209
14 https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740610413
15 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.12.001
16 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.07.065
17 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2013.04.009
18 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.coph.2014.08.006
19 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2014.08.003
20 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2016.03.014
21 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2016.05.012
22 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2016.06.010
23 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2015.06.014
24 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2016.04.012
25 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsbmb.2010.10.004
26 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.reprotox.2013.07.023
27 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.06.118
28 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scp.2015.08.001
29 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tifs.2006.12.008
30 https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.5b00441
31 https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.5b00498
32 https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.5b00890
33 https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.5b01083
34 https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.5b03806
35 https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.6b02277
36 https://doi.org/10.1021/bk-1995-0609.ch036
37 https://doi.org/10.1021/es703145t
38 https://doi.org/10.1021/es8018176
39 https://doi.org/10.1080/0265203031000122021
40 https://doi.org/10.1080/02652030400028035
41 https://doi.org/10.1080/19440049.2013.862348
42 https://doi.org/10.1080/19440049.2013.878040
43 https://doi.org/10.1080/19440049.2014.931600
44 https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfv171
45 https://doi.org/10.1111/1541-4337.12020
46 https://doi.org/10.1136/jech-2013-202593
47 https://doi.org/10.1177/1075547010377879
48 https://doi.org/10.1201/b19138
49 https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.10334
50 https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.10846
51 https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.8100
52 https://doi.org/10.1897/2004-007r.1
53 https://doi.org/10.3109/10408444.2014.952400
54 schema:datePublished 2019-03
55 schema:datePublishedReg 2019-03-01
56 schema:description Limiting exposure to potentially toxic chemicals in food packaging can lead to environmental impact trade-offs. No available tool, however, considers trade-offs between environmental impacts of packaging systems and exposure to potentially toxic chemicals in food packaging. This study therefore explores the research needs for extending life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) to include exposure to chemicals in food packaging. The LCIA framework for human toxicity was extended for the first time to include consumer exposure to chemicals in food packaging through the product intake fraction (PiF) metric. The related exposure pathway was added to LCIA without other modifications to the existing toxicity characterization framework used by USEtox®, i.e., effect factor derivation. The developed method was applied to a high impact polystyrene (HIPS) container case study with the functional unit of providing 1 kg of yogurt in single servings. Various exposure scenarios were considered, including an evidence-based scenario using concentration data and a migration model. Human toxicity impact scores in comparative toxic units (CTUh) for the use stage were evaluated and then compared to human toxicity impact scores from a conventional LCIA methodology. Data allowed toxicity characterization of use stage exposure to only seven chemicals in HIPS out of fourty-four identified. Data required were the initial concentration of chemicals in food packaging, chemical mass transfer from packaging into food, and relevant toxicity information. Toxicity characterization demonstrated that the combined CTUh for HIPS material acquisition, manufacturing, and disposal stages exceeded the toxicity scores related to consumer exposure to previously estimated concentrations of the seven characterizable chemicals in HIPS, by about two orders of magnitude. The CTUh associated with consumer exposure became relevant when migration was above 0.1% of the European regulatory levels. Results emphasize missing data for chemical concentrations in food contact materials and a need to expand the current USEtox method for effect factor derivation (e.g., to consider endocrine disruption, mixture toxicity, background exposure, and thresholds when relevant). An LCIA method was developed to include consumer exposure to chemicals in food packaging. Further study is required to assess realistic scenarios to inform decisions and policies, such as circular economy, which can lead to trade-offs between environmental impacts and potentially toxic chemicals in packaging. To apply the developed method, data regarding occurrence, concentration, and toxicity of chemicals in food packaging are needed. Revisiting the derivation of effect factors in future work could improve the interpretation of human toxicity impact scores.
57 schema:genre research_article
58 schema:inLanguage en
59 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
60 schema:isPartOf N91e67bc5b4e64ad5940d77f6c6f72fe4
61 Nbfa024d9af9749fa8546f00e249a03f8
62 sg:journal.1051923
63 schema:name Challenges of including human exposure to chemicals in food packaging as a new exposure pathway in life cycle impact assessment
64 schema:pagination 543-552
65 schema:productId Naa064b1836cb4d949238e010e25ac6b6
66 Nc0967ec821a04717bc3030595fe8ede9
67 Nf7bf583f09214d7eb806faa322636ba2
68 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1110535883
69 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11367-018-1569-y
70 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T11:11
71 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
72 schema:sdPublisher Nb08075bbfd9e4187971f17a4633124a8
73 schema:url https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs11367-018-1569-y
74 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
75 sgo:sdDataset articles
76 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
77 N283bcda084a0447a95409ddf2935fa3d rdf:first sg:person.0676164456.00
78 rdf:rest N32bfacd9d5864361a8ea07bcb06be580
79 N2b1eb6c3d5774b0db3a7b04cd892a993 schema:name Food Packaging Forum Foundation, Staffelstrasse 8, 8045, Zurich, Switzerland
80 rdf:type schema:Organization
81 N32bfacd9d5864361a8ea07bcb06be580 rdf:first sg:person.01162547436.86
82 rdf:rest N8d4f5776fdd941a1b5a150489514e82d
83 N555981cd2ec844e686e314342a21fac4 rdf:first sg:person.01072621417.10
84 rdf:rest Nb6fca3cdfff6403b9a478b3893479b56
85 N66da7e00d4c146a6b567ef17c30dac95 rdf:first sg:person.01246473121.49
86 rdf:rest N283bcda084a0447a95409ddf2935fa3d
87 N8d4f5776fdd941a1b5a150489514e82d rdf:first sg:person.0671155162.79
88 rdf:rest N555981cd2ec844e686e314342a21fac4
89 N91e67bc5b4e64ad5940d77f6c6f72fe4 schema:volumeNumber 24
90 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
91 Naa064b1836cb4d949238e010e25ac6b6 schema:name readcube_id
92 schema:value 365a86d86aa07badc052c782f402a331a93136caea1281a38fa661c28e7f7cbd
93 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
94 Nb08075bbfd9e4187971f17a4633124a8 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
95 rdf:type schema:Organization
96 Nb6fca3cdfff6403b9a478b3893479b56 rdf:first sg:person.01362127103.47
97 rdf:rest Nf8a1edcd4c6a489ea4080f406f8aa16b
98 Nbfa024d9af9749fa8546f00e249a03f8 schema:issueNumber 3
99 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
100 Nc0967ec821a04717bc3030595fe8ede9 schema:name dimensions_id
101 schema:value pub.1110535883
102 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
103 Nf7bf583f09214d7eb806faa322636ba2 schema:name doi
104 schema:value 10.1007/s11367-018-1569-y
105 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
106 Nf8a1edcd4c6a489ea4080f406f8aa16b rdf:first sg:person.0750563073.37
107 rdf:rest rdf:nil
108 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
109 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
110 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
111 anzsrc-for:1117 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
112 schema:name Public Health and Health Services
113 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
114 sg:journal.1051923 schema:issn 0948-3349
115 1614-7502
116 schema:name The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment
117 rdf:type schema:Periodical
118 sg:person.01072621417.10 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.48142.3b
119 schema:familyName Rosenbaum
120 schema:givenName Ralph K.
121 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01072621417.10
122 rdf:type schema:Person
123 sg:person.01162547436.86 schema:affiliation N2b1eb6c3d5774b0db3a7b04cd892a993
124 schema:familyName Muncke
125 schema:givenName Jane
126 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01162547436.86
127 rdf:type schema:Person
128 sg:person.01246473121.49 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5333.6
129 schema:familyName Ernstoff
130 schema:givenName Alexi
131 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01246473121.49
132 rdf:type schema:Person
133 sg:person.01362127103.47 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5170.3
134 schema:familyName Hauschild
135 schema:givenName Michael
136 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01362127103.47
137 rdf:type schema:Person
138 sg:person.0671155162.79 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5170.3
139 schema:familyName Trier
140 schema:givenName Xenia
141 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0671155162.79
142 rdf:type schema:Person
143 sg:person.0676164456.00 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5117.2
144 schema:familyName Niero
145 schema:givenName Monia
146 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0676164456.00
147 rdf:type schema:Person
148 sg:person.0750563073.37 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5170.3
149 schema:familyName Fantke
150 schema:givenName Peter
151 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0750563073.37
152 rdf:type schema:Person
153 sg:pub.10.1007/978-94-017-9744-3_5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012709082
154 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-9744-3_5
155 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
156 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02978624 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051918123
157 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02978624
158 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
159 sg:pub.10.1007/s11367-008-0038-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041923815
160 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11367-008-0038-4
161 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
162 sg:pub.10.1007/s11367-008-0052-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011685148
163 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11367-008-0052-6
164 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
165 sg:pub.10.1007/s11367-011-0248-z schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023072486
166 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11367-011-0248-z
167 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
168 sg:pub.10.1007/s11367-011-0316-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014591046
169 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11367-011-0316-4
170 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
171 sg:pub.10.1007/s11367-014-0795-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046122004
172 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11367-014-0795-1
173 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
174 sg:pub.10.1007/s11367-016-1115-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050562628
175 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11367-016-1115-8
176 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
177 sg:pub.10.1186/1476-069x-10-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049403649
178 https://doi.org/10.1186/1476-069x-10-9
179 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
180 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101901209 schema:CreativeWork
181 https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740610413 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022303911
182 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
183 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.12.001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045206623
184 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
185 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.07.065 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020676112
186 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
187 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2013.04.009 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023779940
188 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
189 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.coph.2014.08.006 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013878968
190 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
191 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2014.08.003 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051803894
192 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
193 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2016.03.014 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018829134
194 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
195 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2016.05.012 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002050478
196 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
197 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2016.06.010 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022440665
198 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
199 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2015.06.014 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022324275
200 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
201 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2016.04.012 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025209010
202 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
203 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsbmb.2010.10.004 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044238051
204 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
205 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.reprotox.2013.07.023 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053622668
206 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
207 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.06.118 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020068520
208 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
209 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scp.2015.08.001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008710785
210 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
211 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tifs.2006.12.008 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003207616
212 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
213 https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.5b00441 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023121835
214 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
215 https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.5b00498 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013675606
216 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
217 https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.5b00890 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044297413
218 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
219 https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.5b01083 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055087591
220 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
221 https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.5b03806 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055088221
222 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
223 https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.6b02277 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055089257
224 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
225 https://doi.org/10.1021/bk-1995-0609.ch036 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1089360744
226 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
227 https://doi.org/10.1021/es703145t schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030172907
228 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
229 https://doi.org/10.1021/es8018176 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000030227
230 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
231 https://doi.org/10.1080/0265203031000122021 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023109758
232 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
233 https://doi.org/10.1080/02652030400028035 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005900420
234 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
235 https://doi.org/10.1080/19440049.2013.862348 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008382319
236 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
237 https://doi.org/10.1080/19440049.2013.878040 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030429410
238 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
239 https://doi.org/10.1080/19440049.2014.931600 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033611942
240 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
241 https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfv171 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053305935
242 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
243 https://doi.org/10.1111/1541-4337.12020 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011715499
244 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
245 https://doi.org/10.1136/jech-2013-202593 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007570578
246 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
247 https://doi.org/10.1177/1075547010377879 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022290853
248 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
249 https://doi.org/10.1201/b19138 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1095908072
250 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
251 https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.10334 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018711758
252 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
253 https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.10846 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017138284
254 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
255 https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.8100 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044013012
256 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
257 https://doi.org/10.1897/2004-007r.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032004271
258 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
259 https://doi.org/10.3109/10408444.2014.952400 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036840379
260 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
261 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.48142.3b schema:alternateName National Research Institute of Science and Technology for Environment and Agriculture
262 schema:name IRSTEA, UMR ITAP, ELSA LCA Research Group & ELSA-PACT – Industrial Chair, 361 rue Jean-François Breton, BP 5095, 34196, Montpellier, France
263 rdf:type schema:Organization
264 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5117.2 schema:alternateName Aalborg University
265 schema:name Department of Planning, Aalborg University, A.C. Meyers Vaenge 15, 2450, Copenhagen, Denmark
266 Quantitative Sustainability Assessment Division, Department of Management Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Diplomvej 371, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
267 rdf:type schema:Organization
268 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5170.3 schema:alternateName Technical University of Denmark
269 schema:name Analytical Food Chemistry, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
270 Quantitative Sustainability Assessment Division, Department of Management Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Diplomvej 371, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
271 rdf:type schema:Organization
272 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5333.6 schema:alternateName École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne
273 schema:name Quantis International, EPFL Innovation Park, Bat. D,, 1015, Lausanne, Switzerland
274 Quantitative Sustainability Assessment Division, Department of Management Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Diplomvej 371, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
275 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...