Dietary supplementation with Lovaza and krill oil shortens the life span of long-lived F1 mice View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2014-06

AUTHORS

Stephen R. Spindler, Patricia L. Mote, James M. Flegal

ABSTRACT

Marine oils rich in ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids have been recommended as a preventive treatment for patients at risk for cardiovascular diseases. These oils also are the third most consumed dietary supplement in the USA. However, evidence for their health benefits is equivocal. We tested the daily, isocaloric administration of krill oil (1.17 g oil/kg diet) and Lovaza (Omacor; 4.40 g/kg diet), a pharmaceutical grade fish oil, beginning at 12 months of age, on the life span and mortality-related pathologies of long-lived, male, B6C3F1 mice. The oils were incorporated into the chemically defined American Institute of Nutrition (AIN)-93 M diet. An equivalent volume of soybean oil was removed. Krill oil was 3 % and Lovaza 11 % of the oil in the diets. When their effects were analyzed together, the marine oils significantly shortened life span by 6.6 % (P = 0.0321; log-rank test) relative to controls. Individually, Lovaza and krill oil non-significantly shortened median life span by 9.8 and 4.7 %, respectively. Lovaza increased the number of enlarged seminal vesicles (7.1-fold). Lovaza and krill oil significantly increased lung tumors (4.1- and 8.2-fold) and hemorrhagic diathesis (3.9- and 3.1-fold). Analysis of serum from treated mice found that Lovaza slightly increased blood urea nitrogen, while krill oil modestly increased bilirubin, triglycerides, and blood glucose levels. Taken together, the results do not support the idea that the consumption of isolated ω-3 fatty acid-rich oils will increase the life span or health of initially healthy individuals. More... »

PAGES

9659

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2004-12. Omega-3 PUFA of marine origin limit diet-induced obesity in mice by reducing cellularity of adipose tissue in LIPIDS
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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11357-014-9659-7

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11357-014-9659-7

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037084763

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24816553


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