Evaluation of respiratory function and biomarkers of exposure to mixtures of pollutants in brick-kilns workers from a marginalized urban area ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2021-07-15

AUTHORS

Alejandra Abigail Berumen-Rodríguez, Lorena Díaz de León-Martínez, Blanca Nohemí Zamora-Mendoza, Heidi Orta-Arellanos, Kelvin Saldaña-Villanueva, Valter Barrera-López, Alejandro Gómez-Gómez, Francisco Javier Pérez-Vázquez, Fernando Díaz-Barriga, Rogelio Flores-Ramírez

ABSTRACT

Brick-kilns are polluted environments due to the use of low-quality technologies and fuels, which generates black fumes with a large number of pollutants. The objective of this research was to analyze environmental exposure and biomarkers of exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, metals, and respiratory health in brickmakers to assess the baseline state of contamination in a brick-kiln area of San Luis Potosi, Mexico. Lead was quantified in soil and particulate matter of 2.5 μm (PM2.5) and 10 μm (PM10) in brick-kiln areas. In brickmakers, lead was evaluated in whole blood and 10 hydroxylated metabolites of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons were determined in urine. Respiratory health was assessed by spirometry, exhaled breath condensate, and a COPD-PS questionnaire. Data association was performed by Spearman correlation. Environmental concentrations and biomarkers of exposure are presented as medians, for lead, it was 60.4 mg/kg, for PM10, it was 2663.1 μg/m3, and for PM2.5, it was 166.6 μg/m3. For blood lead, it was 1.06 μg/dL, and the summed concentration of OH-PAHs in urine was 16.1 μg/L. Spirometry values were 2.8 ± 0.6 L and 2.9 ± 1.3 L/s FEV1 and FEV 25-75 respectively. The correlation results indicate that the older the age of the workers is and the extensive period they have been working, their lung function is affected the most. The health vulnerability present in these occupational activities is high, so it is necessary to make visible, address these economic activities in Mexico, and apply surveillance systems based on the health of the worker. More... »

PAGES

67833-67842

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11356-021-15375-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-021-15375-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1139704965

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34264491


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20 schema:description Brick-kilns are polluted environments due to the use of low-quality technologies and fuels, which generates black fumes with a large number of pollutants. The objective of this research was to analyze environmental exposure and biomarkers of exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, metals, and respiratory health in brickmakers to assess the baseline state of contamination in a brick-kiln area of San Luis Potosi, Mexico. Lead was quantified in soil and particulate matter of 2.5 μm (PM2.5) and 10 μm (PM10) in brick-kiln areas. In brickmakers, lead was evaluated in whole blood and 10 hydroxylated metabolites of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons were determined in urine. Respiratory health was assessed by spirometry, exhaled breath condensate, and a COPD-PS questionnaire. Data association was performed by Spearman correlation. Environmental concentrations and biomarkers of exposure are presented as medians, for lead, it was 60.4 mg/kg, for PM10, it was 2663.1 μg/m3, and for PM2.5, it was 166.6 μg/m3. For blood lead, it was 1.06 μg/dL, and the summed concentration of OH-PAHs in urine was 16.1 μg/L. Spirometry values were 2.8 ± 0.6 L and 2.9 ± 1.3 L/s FEV1 and FEV 25-75 respectively. The correlation results indicate that the older the age of the workers is and the extensive period they have been working, their lung function is affected the most. The health vulnerability present in these occupational activities is high, so it is necessary to make visible, address these economic activities in Mexico, and apply surveillance systems based on the health of the worker.
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27 FEV1
28 Mexico
29 OH-PAHs
30 PM10
31 PM2.5
32 Potosi
33 San Luis Potosi
34 Spearman correlation
35 activity
36 age
37 area
38 aromatic hydrocarbons
39 association
40 baseline state
41 biomarkers
42 biomarkers of exposure
43 blood
44 blood lead
45 breath condensate
46 brick kiln area
47 brick kiln workers
48 brick kilns
49 brickmakers
50 concentration
51 condensate
52 contamination
53 correlation
54 correlation results
55 data association
56 dl
57 economic activity
58 environment
59 environmental concentrations
60 environmental exposures
61 evaluation
62 exposure
63 extensive period
64 fuel
65 fume
66 function
67 health
68 health vulnerability
69 hydrocarbons
70 hydroxylated metabolites
71 large number
72 lead
73 low-quality technologies
74 lung function
75 m3
76 marginalized urban areas
77 matter
78 median
79 metabolites
80 metals
81 mixture
82 mixture of pollutants
83 number
84 objective
85 occupational activities
86 period
87 pollutants
88 polluted environments
89 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
90 questionnaire
91 research
92 respiratory function
93 respiratory health
94 results
95 soil
96 spirometry
97 spirometry values
98 state
99 surveillance system
100 system
101 technology
102 urban areas
103 urine
104 use
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