Using an ensemble Kalman filter method to calibrate parameters of a prediction model for chemical transport from soil to surface ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2020-09-17

AUTHORS

Xiangbo Meng, Juxiu Tong, Bill X. Hu

ABSTRACT

Water pollution from surface runoff is an important non-point pollution source, which has been a great threat to our environment. The model proposed by Gao et al. (2004) is of great significance to solve the non-point source pollution problem, which is a numerical advection-diffusion equation (ADE) model for chemical transport from soil to surface runoff. The ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF), the data assimilation (DA) method, is easy to be implemented and widely used in hydrology field. In this study, we use the EnKF method to update model state variables such as chemical concentrations in surface runoff and calibrate model parameters such as water transfer rate in Gao et al. (2004) under different study cases, while other model parameters are assumed to be known. The observations are generated from the simulation results based on synthetic real parameters. The objective of this study was to extend the application of the EnKF to the ADE-based prediction model of chemical transport from soil to surface runoff. The results of the predicted chemical concentration in the surface runoff with EnKF are greatly improved than those without EnKF in comparison with the observations, and the updated parameters are close to the real parameters. We explored feasibility of the EnKF method from six factors, including the initial parameter estimate, the ensemble size, the influence of multi-parameters, the assimilation time interval, the infiltration boundary conditions, and the relationship between the standard deviations of the observation error and initial parameter. Different study strategies are proposed for different factors. For assimilation time interval, the key observation can reduce the assimilation frequency. With the situation of much larger observation error covariance than the prediction covariance, we analyzed influences of the standard deviation of the observation error and initial parameter on the feasibility of the EnKF method. According to the study results, it is concluded that the EnKF is efficient to update the parameter for the ADE-based prediction model of chemical transport from soil to surface runoff. More... »

PAGES

4404-4416

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11356-020-08879-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-08879-x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1130895438

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32939656


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