Estimation of cadmium content in Egyptian foodstuffs: health risk assessment, biological responses of human HepG2 cells to food-relevant concentrations of ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-04-02

AUTHORS

Wageh Sobhy Darwish, Hitoshi Chiba, Abdelazim Elsayed Elhelaly, Shu-Ping Hui

ABSTRACT

Cadmium (Cd) is an environmental pollutant that can get entry into human body via ingestion of contaminated foods causing multiple organ damage. This study aimed at monitoring Cd residues in 20 foodstuffs of animal origin that are commonly consumed in Egypt. Health risk assessment was conducted via calculation of Cd dietary intakes and non-carcinogenic target hazard quotient. An in vitro approach was performed to investigate the constitutive effects of Cd on human hepatoma (HepG2) cells under food-relevant concentrations. Trials to reduce Cd-induced adverse effects on HepG2 cells were done using rosmarinic (RMA) and ascorbic acids (ASA). The achieved results indicated contamination of the tested foodstuffs with Cd at high levels with potential human health hazards. Cd at food-relevant concentrations caused significant cytotoxicity to HepG2 cells. This may be attributed to induction of oxidative stress and inflammation, as indicated by the overexpression of stress and inflammatory markers. At the same time, Cd downregulated xenobiotic transporters and upregulated the proliferation factors. Co-exposure of HepG2 cells to Cd and micronutrients such as RMA and ASA led to recovery of cells from the oxidative damage, and subsequently cell viability was strongly improved. RMA and ASA ameliorated the biological responses of HepG2 cells to Cd exposure. More... »

PAGES

1-15

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11356-019-04852-5

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-04852-5

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1113180062

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30941714


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