Health risk assessment through determining bioaccumulation of iron in forages grown in soil irrigated with city effluent View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-03-12

AUTHORS

Zafar Iqbal Khan, Hareem Safdar, Kafeel Ahmad, Kinza Wajid, Humayun Bashir, Ilker Ugulu, Yunus Dogan

ABSTRACT

The irrigation with sewage water can be useful if it has no negative effects on food crop yield, soil pollution, and health of humans. However, it includes various types of contaminants like heavy metals that pollute the soil and crops. In this regard, the aim of this study was to evaluate the possible health risks of heavy metals in forages. Forages both of summer and winter were grown with different water treatments (sewage water and tap water) in Department of Botany, University of Sargodha. The concentration of iron (Fe) in water, soil, and plant samples was determined. The Fe values in tap and sewage water were observed as 0.090 and 0.115 mg/L, respectively. The highest mean concentration of Fe was 9.608 mg/kg in the soil where Trifolium alexandrinum is grown, and the lowest mean concentration was 0.154 mg/kg which occurred in the soil where Trifolium resupinatum is grown in winter. The maximum mean concentration of Fe in the root samples of plants was observed as 2.483 mg/kg in Pennisetum typhoideum, and the minimum mean concentration occurred as 0.390 mg/kg in Zea mays grown in summer. The maximum bioconcentration factor value of Fe was observed for T. resupinatum (5.259) grown in winter. The maximum pollution load index value of Fe was observed for T. alexandrinum (0.1688). The maximum value of daily intake of metals was observed as 0.0731 in Medicago sativa, and the maximum health risk index value was determined as 0.1091 in P. typhoideum. More... »

PAGES

1-10

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2018-08. Determination of Toxic Metals in Fruits of Abelmoschus esculentus Grown in Contaminated Soils with Different Irrigation Sources by Spectroscopic Method in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH
  • 2018-12. Assessment of Trace Metal and Metalloid Accumulation and Human Health Risk from Vegetables Consumption through Spinach and Coriander Specimens Irrigated with Wastewater in BULLETIN OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY
  • 1982-02. Release of Fe, Mn and P in a calcareous vertisol and yield of upland rice as influenced by presowing soil water treatments in PLANT AND SOIL
  • 2018-06. Metal accumulation in Raphanus sativus and Brassica rapa: an assessment of potential health risk for inhabitants in Punjab, Pakistan in ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
  • 2018-08. Potential Toxic Metal Accumulation in Soil, Forage and Blood Plasma of Buffaloes Sampled from Jhang, Pakistan in BULLETIN OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY
  • 2012-07. Biomonitoring of trace element accumulation in plants growing at Murat Mountain in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 2009-09. Bioaccumulation of heavy metals and two organochlorine pesticides (DDT and BHC) in crops irrigated with secondary treated waste water in ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT
  • 2006-04. Uptake of Cadmium by Different Cultivars of Brassica pekinens (Lour.) Rupr. and Brassica chinensis L. and Their Potential for Phytoremediation in BULLETIN OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY
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    PUBMED

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    39 schema:description The irrigation with sewage water can be useful if it has no negative effects on food crop yield, soil pollution, and health of humans. However, it includes various types of contaminants like heavy metals that pollute the soil and crops. In this regard, the aim of this study was to evaluate the possible health risks of heavy metals in forages. Forages both of summer and winter were grown with different water treatments (sewage water and tap water) in Department of Botany, University of Sargodha. The concentration of iron (Fe) in water, soil, and plant samples was determined. The Fe values in tap and sewage water were observed as 0.090 and 0.115 mg/L, respectively. The highest mean concentration of Fe was 9.608 mg/kg in the soil where Trifolium alexandrinum is grown, and the lowest mean concentration was 0.154 mg/kg which occurred in the soil where Trifolium resupinatum is grown in winter. The maximum mean concentration of Fe in the root samples of plants was observed as 2.483 mg/kg in Pennisetum typhoideum, and the minimum mean concentration occurred as 0.390 mg/kg in Zea mays grown in summer. The maximum bioconcentration factor value of Fe was observed for T. resupinatum (5.259) grown in winter. The maximum pollution load index value of Fe was observed for T. alexandrinum (0.1688). The maximum value of daily intake of metals was observed as 0.0731 in Medicago sativa, and the maximum health risk index value was determined as 0.1091 in P. typhoideum.
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