Ailanthus altissima (Miller) Swingle seed oil: chromatographic characterization by GC-FID and HS-SPME-GC-MS, physicochemical parameters, and pharmacological bioactivities View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-03-11

AUTHORS

Asma EL Ayeb-Zakhama, Hassiba Chahdoura, Borhane Eddine Cherif Ziani, Mejdi Snoussi, Mehdi Khemiss, Guido Flamini, Fethia Harzallah-Skhiri

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to identify the physicochemical and the chemical properties of Ailanthus altissima (Miller) Swingle seed oil and to evaluate its in vitro antioxidant and antibacterial activities and in vivo analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities. The fatty acids' composition was determined using GC-FID. The oil was screened for antioxidant activity by DPPH test. The analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities were determined using the acetic acid writhing test in mice and the carrageenan-induced paw edema assay in rats, respectively. Volatile compounds were characterized by HS-SPME-GC-MS. A. altissima produces seeds which yielded 17.32% of oil. The seed oil was characterized by a saponification number of 192.6 mg KOH∙g of oil, a peroxide value of 11.4 meq O2∙kg of oil, a K232 of 4.04, a K270 of 1.24, and a phosphorus content of 126.2 ppm. The main fatty acids identified were palmitic (3.06%), stearic (1.56%), oleic (38.35%), and linoleic acids ones (55.76%). The main aroma compounds sampled in the headspace were carbonyl derivatives. The oil presents an important antioxidant activity (IC50 = 24.57 μg/mL) and a modest antimicrobial activity. The seed oil at 1 g/kg showed high analgesic (91.31%) and anti-inflammatory effects (85.17%). The presence of high levels of unsaturated fatty acids and the noteworthy antioxidant capacity of the seed oil can hypothesize its use as an analgesic and anti-inflammatory agent. More... »

PAGES

1-11

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11356-019-04659-4

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-04659-4

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112679480

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30854623


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