Effectiveness of simultaneous foliar application of Zn and Mn or P to reduce Cd concentration in rice grains: a field ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-02-05

AUTHORS

Guanghui Lv, Hui Wang, Chao Xu, Hong Shuai, Zunchang Luo, Quan Zhang, Hanhua Zhu, Shuai Wang, Qihong Zhu, Yangzhu Zhang, Daoyou Huang

ABSTRACT

Excess cadmium (Cd) in agricultural soils can be taken up by rice plants and concentrated in the grain, presenting a human health risk. In this study, we field tested the effects of three foliar treatments (zinc (Zn) alone, or combined with manganese (ZnMn) or phosphorus (ZnP)) on the Cd concentration and grain yield of six rice cultivars (C Liangyou 7, Fengyuanyou 272, Xiangwanxian 12, Tianyouhuazhan, Xiangwanxian 13, and Jinyou 284) at the grain filling stage. Our results showed that rice yield and Cd, Zn, Mn, P, and K concentrations were significantly different among the cultivars (p < 0.05); for example, Jinyou 284 recorded lower Cd levels than any other cultivar. Application of Zn, ZnMn, and ZnP had no significant effect on rice yield and Mn, P, and K concentrations for all cultivars. Compared with the control, Cd concentrations after treatment with Zn, ZnMn, and ZnP decreased by 19.03-32.55%, 36.63-55.78% (p < 0.05), and 25.72-49.10%, respectively, while Zn concentrations increased by 11.02-29.38%, 10.63-32.67%, and 11.97-36.82%, respectively. There was a significant negative correlation between Cd and Zn concentrations (p < 0.01). All three treatments increased Zn and reduced Cd concentration in rice grains, though ZnMn was most effective. Therefore, cultivar selection and Zn fertilizer application are effective strategies to minimize Cd concentration in rice grains. However, the lowest result still exceeded the Chinese Cd safety limit (0.2 mg Cd kg-1) by a factor of 2.6, demonstrating that additional effective measures should be simultaneously used to further reduce the accumulation of Cd in rice grains. More... »

PAGES

1-9

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URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11356-019-04412-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-04412-x

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111914737

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30719674


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37 schema:description Excess cadmium (Cd) in agricultural soils can be taken up by rice plants and concentrated in the grain, presenting a human health risk. In this study, we field tested the effects of three foliar treatments (zinc (Zn) alone, or combined with manganese (ZnMn) or phosphorus (ZnP)) on the Cd concentration and grain yield of six rice cultivars (C Liangyou 7, Fengyuanyou 272, Xiangwanxian 12, Tianyouhuazhan, Xiangwanxian 13, and Jinyou 284) at the grain filling stage. Our results showed that rice yield and Cd, Zn, Mn, P, and K concentrations were significantly different among the cultivars (p &lt; 0.05); for example, Jinyou 284 recorded lower Cd levels than any other cultivar. Application of Zn, ZnMn, and ZnP had no significant effect on rice yield and Mn, P, and K concentrations for all cultivars. Compared with the control, Cd concentrations after treatment with Zn, ZnMn, and ZnP decreased by 19.03-32.55%, 36.63-55.78% (p &lt; 0.05), and 25.72-49.10%, respectively, while Zn concentrations increased by 11.02-29.38%, 10.63-32.67%, and 11.97-36.82%, respectively. There was a significant negative correlation between Cd and Zn concentrations (p &lt; 0.01). All three treatments increased Zn and reduced Cd concentration in rice grains, though ZnMn was most effective. Therefore, cultivar selection and Zn fertilizer application are effective strategies to minimize Cd concentration in rice grains. However, the lowest result still exceeded the Chinese Cd safety limit (0.2 mg Cd kg<sup>-1</sup>) by a factor of 2.6, demonstrating that additional effective measures should be simultaneously used to further reduce the accumulation of Cd in rice grains.
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