Hydrothermal carbonization of arecanut husk biomass: fuel properties and sorption of metals View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-12-11

AUTHORS

Shalini Ramesh, Pugalendhi Sundararaju, Kamaludeen Sara Parwin Banu, Subburamu Karthikeyan, Uma Doraiswamy, Kamaraj Soundarapandian

ABSTRACT

In this study, hydrothermal carbonization of arecanut husk and its potential application as an alternate solid fuel and heavy metal sorption (adsorbent) was attempted. Arecanut husk (AH) treated with citric acid for 9 h resulted in the hydrochar yield of 58.7% with increased fixed carbon from 17 to 39.7% and HHV from 16.98 to 21.14 MJ kg−1 compared to the parent biomass. The arecanut husk hydrochar (AHH) had H/C of 1.27, O/C ratio of 0.59 with an energy yield of 72.81%, and energy densification ratio of 1.24, and the values have the similar fuel characteristics of lignite. The pH, zeta potential, and surface of the hydrochar were 5.56, − 22.60 mV, and 0.98 m2 g−1 respectively. Hydrochar with a dosage of 0.1% showed a maximum rate of adsorption for Pb2+ (79.86 mg g−1) at the initial concentration of 100 mg L−1 in the aqueous solution compared to Zn2+, Cr6+, and Ni2+. SEM with EDAX and FT-IR spectroscopy results confirmed the presence of Pb2+ and changes in functional groups in arecanut husk hydrochar after adsorption of heavy metals in the aqueous solution. More... »

PAGES

3751-3761

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11356-018-3888-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-3888-8

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1110535875

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30539398


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