Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances in human breast milk and current analytical methods View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

Linda R. Macheka-Tendenguwo, Joshua O. Olowoyo, Liziwe L. Mugivhisa, Ovokeroye A. Abafe

ABSTRACT

Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) have since become a major health concern as they have been reportedly found in human tissues, blood and breast milk. The main aim of the study was to review the current data on PFASs in human breast milk, including the challenges of analysis as well as the possible modes of transfer from maternal blood. In this paper, previously published data on the concentrations of PFASs in human breast milk from around the world were reviewed and summarised. Eligible studies with reference lists published before 1 June 2017 were included by searching several databases (including Scopus, ScienceOpen and SciFinder). From this search, studies with the number of participants in each study ranging from 2 to 1237 were identified. The review indicated that based on the structural profiles and concentration levels, there was variation in the geographical distribution of these compounds in breast milk. Although there are no recorded investigations on the modes of transfer from maternal blood to breast milk, literature suggests that the PFASs tend to be transferred through binding to various proteins. The review also examined the different sample preparation and analytical methods employed to measure the concentrations of PFASs in human breast milk. This showed that solid phase extraction was the most common extraction method. After extraction, liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry was the most common analysis method. Since several of these methods were initially dedicated to monitoring PFASs in food and water, they demonstrate some limitations with regard to specificity and sensitivity to human fluids. Additionally, there are currently no published records of certified reference materials and/or proficiency scheme devoted to standardising PFAS concentrations in breast milk. More... »

PAGES

36064-36086

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2011-12. Toxicology of perfluorinated compounds in ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES EUROPE
  • 2003-07. Perfluorooctane Sulfonate Contamination of Drinking Water in the Tama River, Japan: Estimated Effects on Resident Serum Levels in BULLETIN OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY
  • 2014-03. Lipid Transport in the Lactating Mammary Gland in JOURNAL OF MAMMARY GLAND BIOLOGY AND NEOPLASIA
  • 2013-08. Recent developments in methods for analysis of perfluorinated persistent pollutants in MICROCHIMICA ACTA
  • 2007-11. Assessment of lipid, hepatic, and thyroid parameters with serum perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) concentrations in fluorochemical production workers in INTERNATIONAL ARCHIVES OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH
  • 2010-03. Biomonitoring perfluorinated compounds in Catalonia, Spain: concentrations and trends in human liver and milk samples in ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
  • 2006-10. Environmental analysis of fluorinated alkyl substances by liquid chromatography–(tandem) mass spectrometry: a review in ANALYTICAL AND BIOANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY
  • 2010-09. An LC-MS-MS Method for the Determination of Perfluorinated Surfactants in Environmental Matrices in CHROMATOGRAPHIA
  • 2017-12. The Hokkaido Birth Cohort Study on Environment and Children’s Health: cohort profile—updated 2017 in ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH AND PREVENTIVE MEDICINE
  • 2004-10. Polar Organic Chemical Integrative Sampling and Liquid Chromatography–Electrospray/Ion-Trap Mass Spectrometry for Assessing Selected Prescription and Illicit Drugs in Treated Sewage Effluents in ARCHIVES OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY
  • 2009-08. Carryover of Perfluorooctanoic Acid (PFOA) and Perfluorooctane Sulfonate (PFOS) from Soil to Plants in ARCHIVES OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY
  • 2010. Aquatic Toxicology of Perfluorinated Chemicals in REVIEWS OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY
  • 2010-11. Maternal exposure to perfluorinated acids and fetal growth in JOURNAL OF EXPOSURE SCIENCE & ENVIRONMENTAL EPIDEMIOLOGY
  • 2009-11. Long Chain Perfluorinated Alkyl Acids Derivatisation and Identification in Biota and Abiota Matrices Using Gas Chromatography in BULLETIN OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11356-018-3483-z

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-3483-z

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107953202

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30382519


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0301", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Analytical Chemistry", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/03", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Chemical Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Breast Feeding", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Chromatography, Gas", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Chromatography, Liquid", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Environmental Pollutants", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Female", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Fluorocarbons", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Humans", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Milk, Human", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Solid Phase Extraction", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Specimen Handling", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Tandem Mass Spectrometry", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.459957.3", 
              "name": [
                "Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, Pretoria, South Africa"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Macheka-Tendenguwo", 
            "givenName": "Linda R.", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.459957.3", 
              "name": [
                "Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, Pretoria, South Africa"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Olowoyo", 
            "givenName": "Joshua O.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01333260164.87", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01333260164.87"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.459957.3", 
              "name": [
                "Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, Pretoria, South Africa"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Mugivhisa", 
            "givenName": "Liziwe L.", 
            "id": "sg:person.0652603443.70", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0652603443.70"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Agricultural Research Council of South Africa", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.428711.9", 
              "name": [
                "Agricultural Research Council-OVR, Pretoria, South Africa"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Abafe", 
            "givenName": "Ovokeroye A.", 
            "id": "sg:person.0650117353.66", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0650117353.66"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1365/s10337-010-1659-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001061815", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1365/s10337-010-1659-x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1365/s10337-010-1659-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001061815", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1365/s10337-010-1659-x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0002-8223(96)00079-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001131458"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0002-8223(96)00079-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001131458"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0065-3233(08)60065-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001186244"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1306613", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001230912"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2116/bunsekikagaku.58.653", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001320574"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2116/bunsekikagaku.58.653", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001320574"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfj105", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003706359"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4419-1157-5_1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003990363", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1157-5_1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4419-1157-5_1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003990363", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1157-5_1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1056/nejm199908193410801", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004241626"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2005.10.046", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005101894"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.02.011", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006983882"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0300-483x(02)00573-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007522445"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0300-483x(02)00573-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007522445"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2016.04.017", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007604954"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1897/02-553", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007724029"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfg121", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009172711"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2007.07.024", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009401250"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11356-009-0178-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009924904", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-009-0178-5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11356-009-0178-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009924904", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-009-0178-5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/ede.0b013e31823b5031", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010959148"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/ede.0b013e31823b5031", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010959148"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.11.059", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011160452"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00604-013-1046-z", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013245056", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00604-013-1046-z"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00604-013-1046-z", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013245056", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00604-013-1046-z"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tox.2006.01.003", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013255287"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00128-003-0126-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013322759", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-003-0126-x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.9491", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013807818"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00244-004-3146-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013841707", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00244-004-3146-6"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0095891", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013865909"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2011.05.001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014053028"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00420-007-0213-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014748768", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-007-0213-0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00420-007-0213-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014748768", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-007-0213-0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfm128", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015451545"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1003265", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015535446"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.11253", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016086059"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfl159", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017067890"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfn127", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017750732"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trac.2012.05.004", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017847514"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2008.09.029", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020633387"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2007.02.069", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021305408"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2013.08.040", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021453745"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2010.04.016", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021674117"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.11064", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021817909"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2010.09.008", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023012471"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00244-008-9272-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024381581", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00244-008-9272-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00244-008-9272-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024381581", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00244-008-9272-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfm270", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026311816"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2005.07.053", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026384272"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0800294", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027487465"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1039/c0ay00719f", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028477188"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1351/pac200173040685", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029595017"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/60.1.44", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029812695"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2010.08.014", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029921795"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/oem.60.10.722", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030330570"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/oem.60.10.722", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030330570"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2012.12.066", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031234180"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2011.10.035", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031784911"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2008.04.007", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031903062"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2010.05.022", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032361115"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00216-006-0471-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032670948", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00216-006-0471-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00216-006-0471-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032670948", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00216-006-0471-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2011.12.029", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032687337"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2008.11.029", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033502613"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0901165", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033812855"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2012.06.027", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034494373"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.9060", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034577978"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2010.01.015", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034909306"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/ieam.258", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035127530"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/jes.2009.57", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035291036", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/jes.2009.57"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10911-014-9318-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035485884", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10911-014-9318-8"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00128-009-9756-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035674088", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-009-9756-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00128-009-9756-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035674088", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-009-9756-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00128-009-9756-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035674088", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-009-9756-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tox.2005.03.010", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036110275"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.10009", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037430802"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2012.10.001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039712147"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1039/b924420d", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040866867"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1039/b924420d", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040866867"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2011.07.077", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042538455"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/10643389.2011.627016", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042882075"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2008.10.113", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043030384"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2010.03.004", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045228960"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/2190-4715-23-38", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045615610", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/2190-4715-23-38"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2005.08.028", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046087591"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.5620220125", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047276969"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.5620220125", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047276969"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2009.10.042", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047733644"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enmm.2016.09.001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047816105"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es800071x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048331321"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es800071x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048331321"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.6864", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048448537"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2014.01.007", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050676263"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1155/2010/282896", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051262312"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.reprotox.2009.02.009", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053367625"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ac071918c", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1054999868"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ac071918c", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1054999868"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ac902238u", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055071881"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ac902238u", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055071881"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ac970095w", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055073903"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ac970095w", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055073903"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es040332u", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055496571"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es040332u", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055496571"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es0405528", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055496790"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es0405528", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055496790"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es0492541", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055497511"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es0492541", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055497511"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es0493446", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055497550"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es0493446", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055497550"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es060031f", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055499023"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es060031f", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055499023"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es0618999", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055499754"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es0618999", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055499754"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es0620484", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055499817"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es0620484", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055499817"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es0700911", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055500347"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es0700911", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055500347"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es101181g", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055501694"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es101181g", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055501694"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es1021922", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055502016"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es1021922", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055502016"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es103456h", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055502445"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es103456h", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055502445"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es702789k", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055514489"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es702789k", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055514489"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es800906r", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055514977"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es800906r", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055514977"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es801875v", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055515334"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es801875v", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055515334"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0634045", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055906225"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0634045", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055906225"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0732408", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055907668"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0732408", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055907668"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/tx034005w", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056297694"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/tx034005w", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056297694"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ede.0000362918.40325.e9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060328060"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ede.0000362918.40325.e9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060328060"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ede.0000362918.40325.e9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060328060"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.6316", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064741786"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1897/1551-5028(2003)022<0189:daopai>2.0.co;2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068725936"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2166/aqua.2007.005", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069134050"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.3724/sp.j.1123.2014.05024", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071342049"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080038629", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1872-2040(17)61009-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084808493"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12199-017-0654-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085439385", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12199-017-0654-3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12199-017-0654-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085439385", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12199-017-0654-3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.estlett.8b00266", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1104263974"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2018-12", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2018-12-01", 
        "description": "Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) have since become a major health concern as they have been reportedly found in human tissues, blood and breast milk. The main aim of the study was to review the current data on PFASs in human breast milk, including the challenges of analysis as well as the possible modes of transfer from maternal blood. In this paper, previously published data on the concentrations of PFASs in human breast milk from around the world were reviewed and summarised. Eligible studies with reference lists published before 1 June 2017 were included by searching several databases (including Scopus, ScienceOpen and SciFinder). From this search, studies with the number of participants in each study ranging from 2 to 1237 were identified. The review indicated that based on the structural profiles and concentration levels, there was variation in the geographical distribution of these compounds in breast milk. Although there are no recorded investigations on the modes of transfer from maternal blood to breast milk, literature suggests that the PFASs tend to be transferred through binding to various proteins. The review also examined the different sample preparation and analytical methods employed to measure the concentrations of PFASs in human breast milk. This showed that solid phase extraction was the most common extraction method. After extraction, liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry was the most common analysis method. Since several of these methods were initially dedicated to monitoring PFASs in food and water, they demonstrate some limitations with regard to specificity and sensitivity to human fluids. Additionally, there are currently no published records of certified reference materials and/or proficiency scheme devoted to standardising PFAS concentrations in breast milk.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11356-018-3483-z", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1113424", 
            "issn": [
              "0944-1344", 
              "1614-7499"
            ], 
            "name": "Environmental Science and Pollution Research", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "36", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "25"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances in human breast milk and current analytical methods", 
        "pagination": "36064-36086", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "5673e702f27ef2f451ab19ca28a99ba330f212892ea83011448a3e48751e774f"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "pubmed_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "30382519"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "9441769"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/s11356-018-3483-z"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1107953202"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-3483-z", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107953202"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T11:04", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000352_0000000352/records_60366_00000003.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs11356-018-3483-z"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11356-018-3483-z'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11356-018-3483-z'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11356-018-3483-z'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11356-018-3483-z'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    476 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      149 URIs      32 LITERALS      20 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/s11356-018-3483-z schema:about N288dcd9411a4456794db3b5682d2f33f
    2 N304b6078c15b487a8b7543e474244190
    3 N39a4a20a76dd4a9bb2a662345645ee8e
    4 N3b9d401a1443418392421c9acf12a561
    5 N8e20f2fc21dc40858af66cfe44a05983
    6 Na2c0480f4d5b4ca9b3dac316fbd630bb
    7 Nb5cf6a5a5a824100a94c6fd2bdaed03a
    8 Ncb9926ba4eb740a0a7f72736d2d31eb7
    9 Ndc28403ff7114faaa585d6ffd3b64d1e
    10 Ne4f359183bb9476a813c88806a0a48ca
    11 Nec632cdd0f064f1ebfe9b9bcacfec090
    12 anzsrc-for:03
    13 anzsrc-for:0301
    14 schema:author N0a6fff0d403f4e6fa44be15a83cb24db
    15 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4419-1157-5_1
    16 sg:pub.10.1007/s00128-003-0126-x
    17 sg:pub.10.1007/s00128-009-9756-y
    18 sg:pub.10.1007/s00216-006-0471-9
    19 sg:pub.10.1007/s00244-004-3146-6
    20 sg:pub.10.1007/s00244-008-9272-9
    21 sg:pub.10.1007/s00420-007-0213-0
    22 sg:pub.10.1007/s00604-013-1046-z
    23 sg:pub.10.1007/s10911-014-9318-8
    24 sg:pub.10.1007/s11356-009-0178-5
    25 sg:pub.10.1038/jes.2009.57
    26 sg:pub.10.1186/2190-4715-23-38
    27 sg:pub.10.1186/s12199-017-0654-3
    28 sg:pub.10.1365/s10337-010-1659-x
    29 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080038629
    30 https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.5620220125
    31 https://doi.org/10.1002/ieam.258
    32 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2008.09.029
    33 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2012.06.027
    34 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2005.08.028
    35 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2011.07.077
    36 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2011.10.035
    37 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2011.12.029
    38 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.02.011
    39 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2005.07.053
    40 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2007.02.069
    41 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2008.10.113
    42 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2008.11.029
    43 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2009.10.042
    44 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enmm.2016.09.001
    45 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2010.03.004
    46 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2010.04.016
    47 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2010.08.014
    48 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2011.05.001
    49 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2012.10.001
    50 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2014.01.007
    51 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2010.05.022
    52 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2010.09.008
    53 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2016.04.017
    54 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2012.12.066
    55 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2007.07.024
    56 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2008.04.007
    57 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2005.10.046
    58 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2010.01.015
    59 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.reprotox.2009.02.009
    60 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.11.059
    61 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2013.08.040
    62 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tox.2005.03.010
    63 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tox.2006.01.003
    64 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trac.2012.05.004
    65 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0002-8223(96)00079-x
    66 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0065-3233(08)60065-0
    67 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0300-483x(02)00573-5
    68 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1872-2040(17)61009-0
    69 https://doi.org/10.1021/ac071918c
    70 https://doi.org/10.1021/ac902238u
    71 https://doi.org/10.1021/ac970095w
    72 https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.estlett.8b00266
    73 https://doi.org/10.1021/es040332u
    74 https://doi.org/10.1021/es0405528
    75 https://doi.org/10.1021/es0492541
    76 https://doi.org/10.1021/es0493446
    77 https://doi.org/10.1021/es060031f
    78 https://doi.org/10.1021/es0618999
    79 https://doi.org/10.1021/es0620484
    80 https://doi.org/10.1021/es0700911
    81 https://doi.org/10.1021/es101181g
    82 https://doi.org/10.1021/es1021922
    83 https://doi.org/10.1021/es103456h
    84 https://doi.org/10.1021/es702789k
    85 https://doi.org/10.1021/es800071x
    86 https://doi.org/10.1021/es800906r
    87 https://doi.org/10.1021/es801875v
    88 https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0634045
    89 https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0732408
    90 https://doi.org/10.1021/tx034005w
    91 https://doi.org/10.1039/b924420d
    92 https://doi.org/10.1039/c0ay00719f
    93 https://doi.org/10.1056/nejm199908193410801
    94 https://doi.org/10.1080/10643389.2011.627016
    95 https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/60.1.44
    96 https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfg121
    97 https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfj105
    98 https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfl159
    99 https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfm128
    100 https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfm270
    101 https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfn127
    102 https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ede.0000362918.40325.e9
    103 https://doi.org/10.1097/ede.0b013e31823b5031
    104 https://doi.org/10.1136/oem.60.10.722
    105 https://doi.org/10.1155/2010/282896
    106 https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0800294
    107 https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0901165
    108 https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.10009
    109 https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1003265
    110 https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.11064
    111 https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.11253
    112 https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1306613
    113 https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.6316
    114 https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.6864
    115 https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.9060
    116 https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.9491
    117 https://doi.org/10.1351/pac200173040685
    118 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0095891
    119 https://doi.org/10.1897/02-553
    120 https://doi.org/10.1897/1551-5028(2003)022<0189:daopai>2.0.co;2
    121 https://doi.org/10.2116/bunsekikagaku.58.653
    122 https://doi.org/10.2166/aqua.2007.005
    123 https://doi.org/10.3724/sp.j.1123.2014.05024
    124 schema:datePublished 2018-12
    125 schema:datePublishedReg 2018-12-01
    126 schema:description Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) have since become a major health concern as they have been reportedly found in human tissues, blood and breast milk. The main aim of the study was to review the current data on PFASs in human breast milk, including the challenges of analysis as well as the possible modes of transfer from maternal blood. In this paper, previously published data on the concentrations of PFASs in human breast milk from around the world were reviewed and summarised. Eligible studies with reference lists published before 1 June 2017 were included by searching several databases (including Scopus, ScienceOpen and SciFinder). From this search, studies with the number of participants in each study ranging from 2 to 1237 were identified. The review indicated that based on the structural profiles and concentration levels, there was variation in the geographical distribution of these compounds in breast milk. Although there are no recorded investigations on the modes of transfer from maternal blood to breast milk, literature suggests that the PFASs tend to be transferred through binding to various proteins. The review also examined the different sample preparation and analytical methods employed to measure the concentrations of PFASs in human breast milk. This showed that solid phase extraction was the most common extraction method. After extraction, liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry was the most common analysis method. Since several of these methods were initially dedicated to monitoring PFASs in food and water, they demonstrate some limitations with regard to specificity and sensitivity to human fluids. Additionally, there are currently no published records of certified reference materials and/or proficiency scheme devoted to standardising PFAS concentrations in breast milk.
    127 schema:genre research_article
    128 schema:inLanguage en
    129 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    130 schema:isPartOf N9a8037c2a3164aef8510c4c1d89c80d1
    131 Nd14dca6c443e4a5baa79545d1030fb50
    132 sg:journal.1113424
    133 schema:name Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances in human breast milk and current analytical methods
    134 schema:pagination 36064-36086
    135 schema:productId N5ecda60d75fb465db97869651bf45359
    136 N679208a5adca4641a74d9629340f3c62
    137 N9a2e6ae8ecc94bad8cf007693ceecf38
    138 Nd50e2f798b5b40218689f9c91db31458
    139 Ne96b09a55290457791f08764855e5a59
    140 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107953202
    141 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-3483-z
    142 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T11:04
    143 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    144 schema:sdPublisher Naeea671047da4965abfcda6df343c205
    145 schema:url https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs11356-018-3483-z
    146 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    147 sgo:sdDataset articles
    148 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    149 N0a6fff0d403f4e6fa44be15a83cb24db rdf:first Nde8829efb05b415589def6f67ccbdae2
    150 rdf:rest N2f18a1e04db1416da9107699f90deb0c
    151 N288dcd9411a4456794db3b5682d2f33f schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    152 schema:name Humans
    153 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    154 N2c04e38b4f784f8a9df0329653e97b56 rdf:first sg:person.0650117353.66
    155 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    156 N2f18a1e04db1416da9107699f90deb0c rdf:first sg:person.01333260164.87
    157 rdf:rest N95c66db662cf48cf9541a52ab44c481b
    158 N304b6078c15b487a8b7543e474244190 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    159 schema:name Solid Phase Extraction
    160 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    161 N39a4a20a76dd4a9bb2a662345645ee8e schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    162 schema:name Chromatography, Gas
    163 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    164 N3b9d401a1443418392421c9acf12a561 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    165 schema:name Milk, Human
    166 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    167 N5ecda60d75fb465db97869651bf45359 schema:name dimensions_id
    168 schema:value pub.1107953202
    169 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    170 N679208a5adca4641a74d9629340f3c62 schema:name nlm_unique_id
    171 schema:value 9441769
    172 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    173 N8e20f2fc21dc40858af66cfe44a05983 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    174 schema:name Environmental Pollutants
    175 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    176 N95c66db662cf48cf9541a52ab44c481b rdf:first sg:person.0652603443.70
    177 rdf:rest N2c04e38b4f784f8a9df0329653e97b56
    178 N9a2e6ae8ecc94bad8cf007693ceecf38 schema:name pubmed_id
    179 schema:value 30382519
    180 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    181 N9a8037c2a3164aef8510c4c1d89c80d1 schema:volumeNumber 25
    182 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    183 Na2c0480f4d5b4ca9b3dac316fbd630bb schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    184 schema:name Specimen Handling
    185 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    186 Naeea671047da4965abfcda6df343c205 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    187 rdf:type schema:Organization
    188 Nb5cf6a5a5a824100a94c6fd2bdaed03a schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    189 schema:name Tandem Mass Spectrometry
    190 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    191 Ncb9926ba4eb740a0a7f72736d2d31eb7 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    192 schema:name Female
    193 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    194 Nd14dca6c443e4a5baa79545d1030fb50 schema:issueNumber 36
    195 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    196 Nd50e2f798b5b40218689f9c91db31458 schema:name readcube_id
    197 schema:value 5673e702f27ef2f451ab19ca28a99ba330f212892ea83011448a3e48751e774f
    198 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    199 Ndc28403ff7114faaa585d6ffd3b64d1e schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    200 schema:name Fluorocarbons
    201 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    202 Nde8829efb05b415589def6f67ccbdae2 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.459957.3
    203 schema:familyName Macheka-Tendenguwo
    204 schema:givenName Linda R.
    205 rdf:type schema:Person
    206 Ne4f359183bb9476a813c88806a0a48ca schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    207 schema:name Chromatography, Liquid
    208 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    209 Ne96b09a55290457791f08764855e5a59 schema:name doi
    210 schema:value 10.1007/s11356-018-3483-z
    211 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    212 Nec632cdd0f064f1ebfe9b9bcacfec090 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    213 schema:name Breast Feeding
    214 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    215 anzsrc-for:03 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    216 schema:name Chemical Sciences
    217 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    218 anzsrc-for:0301 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    219 schema:name Analytical Chemistry
    220 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    221 sg:journal.1113424 schema:issn 0944-1344
    222 1614-7499
    223 schema:name Environmental Science and Pollution Research
    224 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    225 sg:person.01333260164.87 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.459957.3
    226 schema:familyName Olowoyo
    227 schema:givenName Joshua O.
    228 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01333260164.87
    229 rdf:type schema:Person
    230 sg:person.0650117353.66 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.428711.9
    231 schema:familyName Abafe
    232 schema:givenName Ovokeroye A.
    233 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0650117353.66
    234 rdf:type schema:Person
    235 sg:person.0652603443.70 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.459957.3
    236 schema:familyName Mugivhisa
    237 schema:givenName Liziwe L.
    238 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0652603443.70
    239 rdf:type schema:Person
    240 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4419-1157-5_1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003990363
    241 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1157-5_1
    242 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    243 sg:pub.10.1007/s00128-003-0126-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013322759
    244 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-003-0126-x
    245 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    246 sg:pub.10.1007/s00128-009-9756-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035674088
    247 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-009-9756-y
    248 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    249 sg:pub.10.1007/s00216-006-0471-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032670948
    250 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00216-006-0471-9
    251 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    252 sg:pub.10.1007/s00244-004-3146-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013841707
    253 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00244-004-3146-6
    254 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    255 sg:pub.10.1007/s00244-008-9272-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024381581
    256 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00244-008-9272-9
    257 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    258 sg:pub.10.1007/s00420-007-0213-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014748768
    259 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-007-0213-0
    260 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    261 sg:pub.10.1007/s00604-013-1046-z schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013245056
    262 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00604-013-1046-z
    263 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    264 sg:pub.10.1007/s10911-014-9318-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035485884
    265 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10911-014-9318-8
    266 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    267 sg:pub.10.1007/s11356-009-0178-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009924904
    268 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-009-0178-5
    269 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    270 sg:pub.10.1038/jes.2009.57 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035291036
    271 https://doi.org/10.1038/jes.2009.57
    272 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    273 sg:pub.10.1186/2190-4715-23-38 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045615610
    274 https://doi.org/10.1186/2190-4715-23-38
    275 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    276 sg:pub.10.1186/s12199-017-0654-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085439385
    277 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12199-017-0654-3
    278 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    279 sg:pub.10.1365/s10337-010-1659-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001061815
    280 https://doi.org/10.1365/s10337-010-1659-x
    281 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    282 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080038629 schema:CreativeWork
    283 https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.5620220125 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047276969
    284 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    285 https://doi.org/10.1002/ieam.258 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035127530
    286 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    287 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2008.09.029 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020633387
    288 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    289 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2012.06.027 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034494373
    290 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    291 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2005.08.028 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046087591
    292 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    293 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2011.07.077 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042538455
    294 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    295 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2011.10.035 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031784911
    296 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    297 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2011.12.029 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032687337
    298 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    299 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.02.011 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006983882
    300 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    301 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2005.07.053 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026384272
    302 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    303 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2007.02.069 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021305408
    304 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    305 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2008.10.113 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043030384
    306 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    307 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2008.11.029 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033502613
    308 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    309 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2009.10.042 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047733644
    310 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    311 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enmm.2016.09.001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047816105
    312 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    313 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2010.03.004 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045228960
    314 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    315 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2010.04.016 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021674117
    316 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    317 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2010.08.014 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029921795
    318 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    319 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2011.05.001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014053028
    320 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    321 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2012.10.001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039712147
    322 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    323 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2014.01.007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050676263
    324 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    325 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2010.05.022 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032361115
    326 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    327 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2010.09.008 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023012471
    328 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    329 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2016.04.017 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007604954
    330 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    331 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2012.12.066 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031234180
    332 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    333 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2007.07.024 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009401250
    334 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    335 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2008.04.007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031903062
    336 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    337 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2005.10.046 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005101894
    338 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    339 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2010.01.015 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034909306
    340 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    341 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.reprotox.2009.02.009 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053367625
    342 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    343 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.11.059 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011160452
    344 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    345 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2013.08.040 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021453745
    346 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    347 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tox.2005.03.010 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036110275
    348 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    349 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tox.2006.01.003 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013255287
    350 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    351 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trac.2012.05.004 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017847514
    352 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    353 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0002-8223(96)00079-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001131458
    354 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    355 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0065-3233(08)60065-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001186244
    356 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    357 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0300-483x(02)00573-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007522445
    358 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    359 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1872-2040(17)61009-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084808493
    360 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    361 https://doi.org/10.1021/ac071918c schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1054999868
    362 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    363 https://doi.org/10.1021/ac902238u schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055071881
    364 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    365 https://doi.org/10.1021/ac970095w schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055073903
    366 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    367 https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.estlett.8b00266 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1104263974
    368 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    369 https://doi.org/10.1021/es040332u schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055496571
    370 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    371 https://doi.org/10.1021/es0405528 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055496790
    372 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    373 https://doi.org/10.1021/es0492541 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055497511
    374 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    375 https://doi.org/10.1021/es0493446 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055497550
    376 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    377 https://doi.org/10.1021/es060031f schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055499023
    378 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    379 https://doi.org/10.1021/es0618999 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055499754
    380 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    381 https://doi.org/10.1021/es0620484 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055499817
    382 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    383 https://doi.org/10.1021/es0700911 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055500347
    384 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    385 https://doi.org/10.1021/es101181g schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055501694
    386 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    387 https://doi.org/10.1021/es1021922 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055502016
    388 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    389 https://doi.org/10.1021/es103456h schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055502445
    390 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    391 https://doi.org/10.1021/es702789k schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055514489
    392 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    393 https://doi.org/10.1021/es800071x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048331321
    394 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    395 https://doi.org/10.1021/es800906r schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055514977
    396 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    397 https://doi.org/10.1021/es801875v schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055515334
    398 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    399 https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0634045 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055906225
    400 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    401 https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0732408 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055907668
    402 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    403 https://doi.org/10.1021/tx034005w schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056297694
    404 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    405 https://doi.org/10.1039/b924420d schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040866867
    406 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    407 https://doi.org/10.1039/c0ay00719f schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028477188
    408 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    409 https://doi.org/10.1056/nejm199908193410801 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004241626
    410 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    411 https://doi.org/10.1080/10643389.2011.627016 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042882075
    412 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    413 https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/60.1.44 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029812695
    414 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    415 https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfg121 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009172711
    416 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    417 https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfj105 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003706359
    418 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    419 https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfl159 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017067890
    420 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    421 https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfm128 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015451545
    422 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    423 https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfm270 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026311816
    424 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    425 https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfn127 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017750732
    426 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    427 https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ede.0000362918.40325.e9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060328060
    428 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    429 https://doi.org/10.1097/ede.0b013e31823b5031 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010959148
    430 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    431 https://doi.org/10.1136/oem.60.10.722 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030330570
    432 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    433 https://doi.org/10.1155/2010/282896 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051262312
    434 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    435 https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0800294 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027487465
    436 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    437 https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0901165 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033812855
    438 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    439 https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.10009 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037430802
    440 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    441 https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1003265 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015535446
    442 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    443 https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.11064 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021817909
    444 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    445 https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.11253 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016086059
    446 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    447 https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1306613 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001230912
    448 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    449 https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.6316 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064741786
    450 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    451 https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.6864 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048448537
    452 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    453 https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.9060 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034577978
    454 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    455 https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.9491 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013807818
    456 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    457 https://doi.org/10.1351/pac200173040685 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029595017
    458 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    459 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0095891 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013865909
    460 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    461 https://doi.org/10.1897/02-553 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007724029
    462 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    463 https://doi.org/10.1897/1551-5028(2003)022<0189:daopai>2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068725936
    464 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    465 https://doi.org/10.2116/bunsekikagaku.58.653 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001320574
    466 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    467 https://doi.org/10.2166/aqua.2007.005 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069134050
    468 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    469 https://doi.org/10.3724/sp.j.1123.2014.05024 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071342049
    470 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    471 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.428711.9 schema:alternateName Agricultural Research Council of South Africa
    472 schema:name Agricultural Research Council-OVR, Pretoria, South Africa
    473 rdf:type schema:Organization
    474 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.459957.3 schema:alternateName Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
    475 schema:name Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, Pretoria, South Africa
    476 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...