Spatio-temporal variability and source identification for metal contamination in the river sediment of Indian Sundarbans, a world heritage site View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-11

AUTHORS

Debojyoti Roy, Arnab Pramanik, Satabdi Banerjee, Abhrajyoti Ghosh, Dhrubajyoti Chattopadhyay, Maitree Bhattacharyya

ABSTRACT

Metal pollution is a subject of growing concern as it affects the whole food chain of an ecosystem by bioaccumulation. Growing industrialization and anthropogenic intervention have put tremendous pressure on self-sustaining ecosystems worldwide. Sundarbans mangrove estuary, being a UNESCO World Heritage site, suffers severely from anthropogenic stress, urbanization, ecotourism, overexploitation of natural resources and discharges of industrial as well as municipal waste products. Our study unfolds the extent of metal pollution in the sediment of this estuarine mangrove ecosystem and also investigates the source and distribution of these metals. Extensive samplings were performed during three major seasons, namely pre-monsoon, monsoon, and post-monsoon for two consecutive years at ten sampling stations along the major river networks of the mangrove estuary. Seasonal variations of these metals, physicochemical properties, and soil texture studies were performed to explore the sediment quality of the study area. Positive correlation was observed between the pollutants and siltation. Several environmental indices were investigated to explore the degree of metal pollution which revealed contamination of Cd, Cr, and Pb to cross the permitted safe index in the study area. Pollution load index indicates the spatial as well as seasonal variation of eco toxic metal load along the course of the rivers. Statistical analyses such as principal component analysis and correlation matrix identified different sources for metal contamination. Almost 700 tannery industries are located in the upstream region of the rivers, and several small- and large-scale battery industries seem to be the main possible source for Cd, Cr, and Pb pollution. Analysis of the results indicates the alarming condition of this heritage site. The metal concentrations beyond toxicity thresholds are responsible for gradual deterioration of this estuarine mangrove which may only be protected by developing sustainable management planning. More... »

PAGES

31326-31345

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11356-018-3092-x

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-3092-x

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1106835654

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30194579


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