Mechanisms of copper stress alleviation in Citrus trees after metal uptake by leaves or roots View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-05

AUTHORS

Franz Walter Rieger Hippler, Guilherme Petená, Rodrigo Marcelli Boaretto, José Antônio Quaggio, Ricardo Antunes Azevedo, Dirceu Mattos-Jr

ABSTRACT

Nutritional disorders caused by copper (Cu) have affected citrus orchards. Since Cu is foliar sprayed as a pesticide to control citrus diseases, this metal accumulates in the soil. Thereby, we evaluated the effects of Cu leaf absorption after spray of different metal sources, as well as roots absorption on growth, nutritional status, and oxidative stress of young sweet orange trees. Two experiments were carried out under greenhouse conditions. The first experiment was set up with varying Cu levels to the soil (nil Cu, 0.5, 2.0, 4.0 and 8.0 g of Cu per plant as CuSO4.5H2O), whereas the second experiment with Cu application via foliar sprays (0.5 and 2.0 g of Cu per plant) and comparing two metal sources (CuSO4.5H2O or Cu(OH)2). Copper was mainly accumulated in roots with soil supply, but an increase of oxidative stress levels was observed in leaves. On the other hand, Cu concentrations were higher in leaves that received foliar sprays, mainly as Cu(OH)2. However, when sulfate was foliar sprayed, plants exhibited more symptoms of injuries in the canopy with decreased chlorophyll contents and increased hydrogen peroxide and lipid peroxidation levels. Copper toxicity was characterized by sap leakage from the trunk and twigs, which is the first report of this specific Cu excess symptom in woody trees. Despite plants with 8.0 g of Cu soil-applied exhibiting the sap leakage, growth of new plant parts was more vigorous with lower oxidative stress levels and injuries compared to those with 4.0 g of Cu soil-applied (without sap leakage). With the highest level of Cu applied via foliar as sulfate, Cu was eliminated by plant roots, increasing the rhizospheric soil metal levels. Despite citrus likely exhibiting different mechanisms to reduce the damages caused by metal toxicity, such as responsive enzymatic antioxidant system, metal accumulation in the roots, and metal exclusion by roots, excess Cu resulted in damages on plant growth and metabolism when the metal was taken up either by roots or leaves. More... »

PAGES

13134-13146

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11356-018-1529-x

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-1529-x

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101243330

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29488204


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