Effects of salinity on oil dispersant toxicity in the eastern mud snail, Ilyanassa obsoleta View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2017-09

AUTHORS

Marie E. DeLorenzo, Brittany N. Evans, Katy W. Chung, Peter B. Key, Michael H. Fulton

ABSTRACT

Chemical dispersants can be a beneficial method for breaking up oil slicks; however, their use in mitigation could pose potential toxic effects on the marine ecosystem. Dispersants may be transported to lower salinity habitats, where toxicity data for aquatic species have not been established. This study examined the effect of salinity on oil dispersant toxicity in the eastern mud snail, Ilyanassa obsoleta, using two dispersants authorized for oil spill response, Corexit® 9500A and Finasol® OSR 52. Median lethal toxicity values (LC50) and sublethal effects were examined at 10, 20, and 30 ppt salinity in adult and larval mud snails. Two biomarkers (lipid peroxidation and acetylcholinesterase) were used to measure sublethal effects. The 96-h static renewal LC50 values indicated significant differences in toxicity between dispersants and salinities. Larval snails were significantly more sensitive than adult snails to both dispersants, and both life stages were significantly more sensitive to Finasol than to Corexit. Larval snails were more sensitive to dispersants at lower salinity, but adult snails were more sensitive at higher salinities. Dispersants increased lipid peroxidation and decreased acetylcholinesterase activity. These results demonstrate that dispersant toxicity varies among compounds and organism life stages, and that physicochemical properties of the environment, such as salinity, can affect the potential toxicity to estuarine species. More... »

PAGES

21476-21483

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11356-017-9784-9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-9784-9

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090898620

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28748435


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