Pharmaceutical wastewater being composite mixture of environmental pollutants may be associated with mutagenicity and genotoxicity View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2015-10-10

AUTHORS

Ali Sharif, Muhammad Ashraf, Aftab Ahmed Anjum, Aqeel Javeed, Imran Altaf, Muhammad Furqan Akhtar, Mateen Abbas, Bushra Akhtar, Ammara Saleem

ABSTRACT

Pharmaceutical industries are amongst the foremost contributor to industrial waste. Ecological well-being is endangered owing to its facile discharge. In the present study, heavy metals and organic contaminants in waste water were characterized using atomic absorption spectrophotometer and GC-MS, respectively. Mutagenicity and genotoxic potential of pharmaceutical waste water were investigated through bacterial reverse mutation assay and in vitro comet assay, respectively. Ames test and comet assay of first sample were carried out at concentrations of 100, 50, 25, 12.5, 6.25 % v/v effluent with distilled water. Chromium (Cr), lead (Pb), arsenic (As), and cadmium (Cd) were found in high concentrations as compared to WHO- and EPA-recommended maximum limits. Arsenic was found to be the most abundant metal and its maximum concentration was 0.8 mg.L−1. GC-MS revealed the presence of lignocaine, digitoxin, trimethoprim, caffeine, and vitamin E in waste water. Dose-dependent decrease in mutagenic index was observed in both strains. Substantial increase in mutagenicity was observed for TA-100, when assay was done by incorporating an enzyme activation system, whereas a slight increase was detected for TA-102. In vitro comet assay of waste water exhibited decrease in damage index and percentage fragmentation with the increase in dilution of waste water. Tail length also decreased with an increase in the dilution factor of waste water. These findings suggest that pharmaceutical waste water being a mix of different heavy metals and organic contaminants may have a potent mutagenic and genotoxic effect on exposed living organisms. More... »

PAGES

2813-2820

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11356-015-5478-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-015-5478-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010751795

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26452655


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/03", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Chemical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0399", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Other Chemical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Arsenic", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Comet Assay", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "DNA Damage", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Industrial Waste", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Metals, Heavy", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Mutagenicity Tests", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Mutagens", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Waste Water", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Water Pollutants, Chemical", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412967.f", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Sharif", 
        "givenName": "Ali", 
        "id": "sg:person.01233351505.38", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01233351505.38"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412967.f", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Ashraf", 
        "givenName": "Muhammad", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Microbiology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412967.f", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Microbiology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Anjum", 
        "givenName": "Aftab Ahmed", 
        "id": "sg:person.01321136305.03", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01321136305.03"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412967.f", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Javeed", 
        "givenName": "Aqeel", 
        "id": "sg:person.01136717140.48", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01136717140.48"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Quality Operations Laboratory, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412967.f", 
          "name": [
            "Quality Operations Laboratory, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Altaf", 
        "givenName": "Imran", 
        "id": "sg:person.0772104376.02", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0772104376.02"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412967.f", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Akhtar", 
        "givenName": "Muhammad Furqan", 
        "id": "sg:person.013611774017.15", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013611774017.15"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Quality Operations Laboratory, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412967.f", 
          "name": [
            "Quality Operations Laboratory, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Abbas", 
        "givenName": "Mateen", 
        "id": "sg:person.01132520010.39", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01132520010.39"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institute of Pharmacy, Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.413016.1", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Pharmacy, Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Akhtar", 
        "givenName": "Bushra", 
        "id": "sg:person.0616636441.43", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0616636441.43"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Pharmacy, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411786.d", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Pharmacy, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Saleem", 
        "givenName": "Ammara", 
        "id": "sg:person.0664751641.73", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0664751641.73"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00216-012-5846-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051938197", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00216-012-5846-5"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00216-006-1035-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028033929", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00216-006-1035-8"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00244-009-9284-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013943862", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00244-009-9284-0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11356-011-0614-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011580314", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-011-0614-1"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10661-007-9675-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026408967", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-007-9675-5"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11356-011-0586-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051983081", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-011-0586-1"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2015-10-10", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2015-10-10", 
    "description": "Pharmaceutical industries are amongst the foremost contributor to industrial waste. Ecological well-being is endangered owing to its facile discharge. In the present study, heavy metals and organic contaminants in waste water were characterized using atomic absorption spectrophotometer and GC-MS, respectively. Mutagenicity and genotoxic potential of pharmaceutical waste water were investigated through bacterial reverse mutation assay and in vitro comet assay, respectively. Ames test and comet assay of first sample were carried out at concentrations of 100, 50, 25, 12.5, 6.25\u00a0% v/v effluent with distilled water. Chromium (Cr), lead (Pb), arsenic (As), and cadmium (Cd) were found in high concentrations as compared to WHO- and EPA-recommended maximum limits. Arsenic was found to be the most abundant metal and its maximum concentration was 0.8\u00a0mg.L\u22121. GC-MS revealed the presence of lignocaine, digitoxin, trimethoprim, caffeine, and vitamin E in waste water. Dose-dependent decrease in mutagenic index was observed in both strains. Substantial increase in mutagenicity was observed for TA-100, when assay was done by incorporating an enzyme activation system, whereas a slight increase was detected for TA-102. In vitro comet assay of waste water exhibited decrease in damage index and percentage fragmentation with the increase in dilution of waste water. Tail length also decreased with an increase in the dilution factor of waste water. These findings suggest that pharmaceutical waste water being a mix of different heavy metals and organic contaminants may have a potent mutagenic and genotoxic effect on exposed living organisms.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11356-015-5478-3", 
    "inLanguage": "en", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1113424", 
        "issn": [
          "0944-1344", 
          "1614-7499"
        ], 
        "name": "Environmental Science and Pollution Research", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "3", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "23"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "pharmaceutical waste water", 
      "waste water", 
      "organic contaminants", 
      "GC-MS", 
      "pharmaceutical wastewater", 
      "abundant metal", 
      "heavy metals", 
      "atomic absorption spectrophotometer", 
      "enzyme activation system", 
      "metals", 
      "environmental pollutants", 
      "pharmaceutical industry", 
      "industrial waste", 
      "composite mixture", 
      "absorption spectrophotometer", 
      "water", 
      "dilution factor", 
      "contaminants", 
      "percentage fragmentation", 
      "distilled water", 
      "different heavy metals", 
      "presence of lignocaine", 
      "chromium", 
      "living organism", 
      "concentration", 
      "high concentrations", 
      "wastewater", 
      "pollutants", 
      "arsenic", 
      "spectrophotometer", 
      "mixture", 
      "effluent", 
      "cadmium", 
      "maximum concentration", 
      "maximum limit", 
      "tail length", 
      "mutagenicity", 
      "TA-100", 
      "waste", 
      "TA-102", 
      "limit", 
      "genotoxic potential", 
      "dilution", 
      "mutagenic index", 
      "comet assay", 
      "samples", 
      "potential", 
      "slight increase", 
      "presence", 
      "fragmentation", 
      "genotoxic effects", 
      "substantial increase", 
      "foremost contributor", 
      "digitoxin", 
      "assays", 
      "increase", 
      "genotoxicity", 
      "decrease", 
      "trimethoprim", 
      "EPA", 
      "first sample", 
      "caffeine", 
      "industry", 
      "length", 
      "discharge", 
      "effect", 
      "system", 
      "bacterial reverse mutation", 
      "Ames", 
      "present study", 
      "study", 
      "activation system", 
      "organisms", 
      "vitamin E", 
      "contributor", 
      "mix", 
      "index", 
      "factors", 
      "strains", 
      "reverse mutation", 
      "findings", 
      "lignocaine", 
      "dose-dependent decrease", 
      "mutations", 
      "damage index", 
      "facile discharge"
    ], 
    "name": "Pharmaceutical wastewater being composite mixture of environmental pollutants may be associated with mutagenicity and genotoxicity", 
    "pagination": "2813-2820", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1010751795"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s11356-015-5478-3"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "26452655"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-015-5478-3", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010751795"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2021-11-01T18:23", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20211101/entities/gbq_results/article/article_656.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-015-5478-3"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11356-015-5478-3'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11356-015-5478-3'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11356-015-5478-3'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11356-015-5478-3'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

273 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      127 URIs      113 LITERALS      16 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s11356-015-5478-3 schema:about N105bea0373a64f16b54b9b3639fedc51
2 N16f798dbc167434ca0a0ac8c173f4e49
3 N1de8471a55704427ac88204bb8f468e7
4 N23b95e9f812542e6a3dfe02b22de6894
5 N4ca1e00c8c7141f7a653783f94b9edb6
6 N6708d4d927bd493a8d336db222e6d848
7 Nb70becf99ef04781b81817e210fdbadf
8 Nc7d2b2eb421b4342a50cec8ea924984e
9 Nfa9386d346b14ceab765a054be362a9d
10 anzsrc-for:03
11 anzsrc-for:0399
12 schema:author Na40c69bf87684d3fa142d22e8678a41b
13 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s00216-006-1035-8
14 sg:pub.10.1007/s00216-012-5846-5
15 sg:pub.10.1007/s00244-009-9284-0
16 sg:pub.10.1007/s10661-007-9675-5
17 sg:pub.10.1007/s11356-011-0586-1
18 sg:pub.10.1007/s11356-011-0614-1
19 schema:datePublished 2015-10-10
20 schema:datePublishedReg 2015-10-10
21 schema:description Pharmaceutical industries are amongst the foremost contributor to industrial waste. Ecological well-being is endangered owing to its facile discharge. In the present study, heavy metals and organic contaminants in waste water were characterized using atomic absorption spectrophotometer and GC-MS, respectively. Mutagenicity and genotoxic potential of pharmaceutical waste water were investigated through bacterial reverse mutation assay and in vitro comet assay, respectively. Ames test and comet assay of first sample were carried out at concentrations of 100, 50, 25, 12.5, 6.25 % v/v effluent with distilled water. Chromium (Cr), lead (Pb), arsenic (As), and cadmium (Cd) were found in high concentrations as compared to WHO- and EPA-recommended maximum limits. Arsenic was found to be the most abundant metal and its maximum concentration was 0.8 mg.L−1. GC-MS revealed the presence of lignocaine, digitoxin, trimethoprim, caffeine, and vitamin E in waste water. Dose-dependent decrease in mutagenic index was observed in both strains. Substantial increase in mutagenicity was observed for TA-100, when assay was done by incorporating an enzyme activation system, whereas a slight increase was detected for TA-102. In vitro comet assay of waste water exhibited decrease in damage index and percentage fragmentation with the increase in dilution of waste water. Tail length also decreased with an increase in the dilution factor of waste water. These findings suggest that pharmaceutical waste water being a mix of different heavy metals and organic contaminants may have a potent mutagenic and genotoxic effect on exposed living organisms.
22 schema:genre article
23 schema:inLanguage en
24 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
25 schema:isPartOf N08180eaa236b40aa8a799c5008cf35e2
26 N1e51d8b33c274a51a06cac256e037f10
27 sg:journal.1113424
28 schema:keywords Ames
29 EPA
30 GC-MS
31 TA-100
32 TA-102
33 absorption spectrophotometer
34 abundant metal
35 activation system
36 arsenic
37 assays
38 atomic absorption spectrophotometer
39 bacterial reverse mutation
40 cadmium
41 caffeine
42 chromium
43 comet assay
44 composite mixture
45 concentration
46 contaminants
47 contributor
48 damage index
49 decrease
50 different heavy metals
51 digitoxin
52 dilution
53 dilution factor
54 discharge
55 distilled water
56 dose-dependent decrease
57 effect
58 effluent
59 environmental pollutants
60 enzyme activation system
61 facile discharge
62 factors
63 findings
64 first sample
65 foremost contributor
66 fragmentation
67 genotoxic effects
68 genotoxic potential
69 genotoxicity
70 heavy metals
71 high concentrations
72 increase
73 index
74 industrial waste
75 industry
76 length
77 lignocaine
78 limit
79 living organism
80 maximum concentration
81 maximum limit
82 metals
83 mix
84 mixture
85 mutagenic index
86 mutagenicity
87 mutations
88 organic contaminants
89 organisms
90 percentage fragmentation
91 pharmaceutical industry
92 pharmaceutical waste water
93 pharmaceutical wastewater
94 pollutants
95 potential
96 presence
97 presence of lignocaine
98 present study
99 reverse mutation
100 samples
101 slight increase
102 spectrophotometer
103 strains
104 study
105 substantial increase
106 system
107 tail length
108 trimethoprim
109 vitamin E
110 waste
111 waste water
112 wastewater
113 water
114 schema:name Pharmaceutical wastewater being composite mixture of environmental pollutants may be associated with mutagenicity and genotoxicity
115 schema:pagination 2813-2820
116 schema:productId N754df11b857b4800a53a2bce93920cb3
117 Nd3f826c8fa2b4127835b23ae71cbd35e
118 Ne4616e7a8dba4c25823e70bea41b2876
119 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010751795
120 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-015-5478-3
121 schema:sdDatePublished 2021-11-01T18:23
122 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
123 schema:sdPublisher Nb2eadb866d864626ab5da735bb6da2b1
124 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-015-5478-3
125 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
126 sgo:sdDataset articles
127 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
128 N08180eaa236b40aa8a799c5008cf35e2 schema:issueNumber 3
129 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
130 N0a812774a3a44a1bb38b5f0d1af0df70 rdf:first sg:person.0616636441.43
131 rdf:rest Nfabd4e10f8d24a528b1ef7a8a8ec57b0
132 N105bea0373a64f16b54b9b3639fedc51 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
133 schema:name Water Pollutants, Chemical
134 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
135 N16f798dbc167434ca0a0ac8c173f4e49 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
136 schema:name DNA Damage
137 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
138 N1de8471a55704427ac88204bb8f468e7 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
139 schema:name Waste Water
140 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
141 N1e51d8b33c274a51a06cac256e037f10 schema:volumeNumber 23
142 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
143 N23b95e9f812542e6a3dfe02b22de6894 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
144 schema:name Comet Assay
145 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
146 N244087e903534f1e9f2411aa0de3ce4b schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.412967.f
147 schema:familyName Ashraf
148 schema:givenName Muhammad
149 rdf:type schema:Person
150 N3ac27f3f0a0445ec8c6f8eb142ad317c rdf:first N244087e903534f1e9f2411aa0de3ce4b
151 rdf:rest Nde6e9134e46a461babaa084911a23ec3
152 N4215d7eac685473a8540dbc9793b917c rdf:first sg:person.013611774017.15
153 rdf:rest N531d6b4127d948468f5f03d0c9245fd4
154 N4ca1e00c8c7141f7a653783f94b9edb6 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
155 schema:name Mutagens
156 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
157 N531d6b4127d948468f5f03d0c9245fd4 rdf:first sg:person.01132520010.39
158 rdf:rest N0a812774a3a44a1bb38b5f0d1af0df70
159 N6708d4d927bd493a8d336db222e6d848 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
160 schema:name Mutagenicity Tests
161 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
162 N754df11b857b4800a53a2bce93920cb3 schema:name doi
163 schema:value 10.1007/s11356-015-5478-3
164 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
165 Na40c69bf87684d3fa142d22e8678a41b rdf:first sg:person.01233351505.38
166 rdf:rest N3ac27f3f0a0445ec8c6f8eb142ad317c
167 Nb2221102d86848558136d646d78a07fe rdf:first sg:person.0772104376.02
168 rdf:rest N4215d7eac685473a8540dbc9793b917c
169 Nb2eadb866d864626ab5da735bb6da2b1 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
170 rdf:type schema:Organization
171 Nb70becf99ef04781b81817e210fdbadf schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
172 schema:name Arsenic
173 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
174 Nc7d2b2eb421b4342a50cec8ea924984e schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
175 schema:name Industrial Waste
176 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
177 Nd28fb845f22b4eac9dd9f49dad5064ad rdf:first sg:person.01136717140.48
178 rdf:rest Nb2221102d86848558136d646d78a07fe
179 Nd3f826c8fa2b4127835b23ae71cbd35e schema:name dimensions_id
180 schema:value pub.1010751795
181 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
182 Nde6e9134e46a461babaa084911a23ec3 rdf:first sg:person.01321136305.03
183 rdf:rest Nd28fb845f22b4eac9dd9f49dad5064ad
184 Ne4616e7a8dba4c25823e70bea41b2876 schema:name pubmed_id
185 schema:value 26452655
186 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
187 Nfa9386d346b14ceab765a054be362a9d schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
188 schema:name Metals, Heavy
189 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
190 Nfabd4e10f8d24a528b1ef7a8a8ec57b0 rdf:first sg:person.0664751641.73
191 rdf:rest rdf:nil
192 anzsrc-for:03 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
193 schema:name Chemical Sciences
194 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
195 anzsrc-for:0399 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
196 schema:name Other Chemical Sciences
197 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
198 sg:journal.1113424 schema:issn 0944-1344
199 1614-7499
200 schema:name Environmental Science and Pollution Research
201 schema:publisher Springer Nature
202 rdf:type schema:Periodical
203 sg:person.01132520010.39 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.412967.f
204 schema:familyName Abbas
205 schema:givenName Mateen
206 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01132520010.39
207 rdf:type schema:Person
208 sg:person.01136717140.48 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.412967.f
209 schema:familyName Javeed
210 schema:givenName Aqeel
211 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01136717140.48
212 rdf:type schema:Person
213 sg:person.01233351505.38 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.412967.f
214 schema:familyName Sharif
215 schema:givenName Ali
216 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01233351505.38
217 rdf:type schema:Person
218 sg:person.01321136305.03 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.412967.f
219 schema:familyName Anjum
220 schema:givenName Aftab Ahmed
221 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01321136305.03
222 rdf:type schema:Person
223 sg:person.013611774017.15 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.412967.f
224 schema:familyName Akhtar
225 schema:givenName Muhammad Furqan
226 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013611774017.15
227 rdf:type schema:Person
228 sg:person.0616636441.43 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.413016.1
229 schema:familyName Akhtar
230 schema:givenName Bushra
231 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0616636441.43
232 rdf:type schema:Person
233 sg:person.0664751641.73 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.411786.d
234 schema:familyName Saleem
235 schema:givenName Ammara
236 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0664751641.73
237 rdf:type schema:Person
238 sg:person.0772104376.02 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.412967.f
239 schema:familyName Altaf
240 schema:givenName Imran
241 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0772104376.02
242 rdf:type schema:Person
243 sg:pub.10.1007/s00216-006-1035-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028033929
244 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00216-006-1035-8
245 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
246 sg:pub.10.1007/s00216-012-5846-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051938197
247 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00216-012-5846-5
248 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
249 sg:pub.10.1007/s00244-009-9284-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013943862
250 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00244-009-9284-0
251 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
252 sg:pub.10.1007/s10661-007-9675-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026408967
253 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-007-9675-5
254 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
255 sg:pub.10.1007/s11356-011-0586-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051983081
256 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-011-0586-1
257 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
258 sg:pub.10.1007/s11356-011-0614-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011580314
259 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-011-0614-1
260 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
261 grid-institutes:grid.411786.d schema:alternateName Department of Pharmacy, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan
262 schema:name Department of Pharmacy, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan
263 rdf:type schema:Organization
264 grid-institutes:grid.412967.f schema:alternateName Department of Microbiology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
265 Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
266 Quality Operations Laboratory, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
267 schema:name Department of Microbiology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
268 Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
269 Quality Operations Laboratory, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
270 rdf:type schema:Organization
271 grid-institutes:grid.413016.1 schema:alternateName Institute of Pharmacy, Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan
272 schema:name Institute of Pharmacy, Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan
273 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...