The transfer and fate of Pb from sewage sludge amended soil in a multi-trophic food chain: a comparison with the ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2015-10

AUTHORS

Mudasir Irfan Dar, Fareed Ahmad Khan, Iain D. Green, Mohd Irfan Naikoo

ABSTRACT

The contamination of agroecosystems due to the presence of trace elements in commonly used agricultural materials is a serious issue. The most contaminated material is usually sewage sludge, and the sustainable use of this material within agriculture is a major concern. This study addresses a key issue in this respect, the fate of trace metals applied to soil in food chains. The work particularly addresses the transfer of Pb, which is an understudied element in this respect, and compares the transfer of Pb with two of the most labile metals, Cd and Zn. The transfer of these elements was determined from sludge-amended soils in a food chain consisting of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea), the mustard aphid (Lipaphis erysimi) and a predatory beetle (Coccinella septempunctata). The soil was amended with sludge at rates of 0, 5, 10 and 20 % (w/w). Results showed that Cd was readily transferred through the food chain until the predator trophic level. Zn was the most readily transferred element in the lower trophic levels, but transfer to aphids was effectively restricted by the plant regulating shoot concentration. Pb had the lowest level of transfer from soil to shoot and exhibited particular retention in the roots. Nevertheless, Pb concentrations were significantly increased by sludge amendment in aphids, and Pb was increasingly transferred to ladybirds as levels increased. The potential for Pb to cause secondary toxicity to organisms in higher trophic levels may have therefore been underestimated. More... »

PAGES

16133-16142

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11356-015-4836-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-015-4836-5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027592915

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26070738


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