Temporal variations of PM1 major components in an urban street canyon View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2015-09

AUTHORS

E. Yubero, N. Galindo, J. F. Nicolás, J. Crespo, G. Calzolai, F. Lucarelli

ABSTRACT

Seasonal changes in the levels of PM1 and its main components (organic carbon (OC), elemental carbon (EC), SO4 (2-), NO3 (-) and NH4 (+)) were studied in an urban street canyon in southeastern Spain. Although PM1 levels did not show an evident seasonal cycle, strong variations in the concentrations of its major components were observed. Ammonium sulfate, the main secondary inorganic compound, was found to be of regional origin. Its formation was favored during summer due to increased photochemical activity. In contrast, the concentrations of particulate ammonium nitrate, which is thermally unstable, were highest in winter. Although traffic emissions are the dominant source of EC in the city, variations in traffic intensity could not explain the seasonal cycle of this component. The higher EC concentrations during the cold months were attributed to the lower dispersion conditions and the increase in EC emissions. Special attention has been given to variations in organic carbon levels since it accounted for about one third of the total PM1 mass. The concentrations of both total OC and secondary OC (SOC) were maxima in winter. The observed seasonal variation in SOC levels is similar to that found in other southern European cities where the frequency of sunny days in winter is high enough to promote photochemical processes. More... »

PAGES

13328-13335

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11356-015-4599-z

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-015-4599-z

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016405479

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25940489


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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11356-015-4599-z'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11356-015-4599-z'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11356-015-4599-z'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11356-015-4599-z'


 

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301 schema:name Atmospheric Pollution Laboratory (LCA), Department of Applied Physics, Miguel Hernández University, Avenida de la Universidad S/N, 03202, Elche, Spain
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304 schema:name Department of Physics and Astronomy and INFN, University of Florence, Sesto Fiorentino, 50019, Florence, Italy
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