Response of phase II detoxification enzymes in Phragmites australis plants exposed to organochlorines View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2012-11-20

AUTHORS

Angélique San Miguel, Peter Schröder, Rudolf Harpaintner, Thierry Gaude, Patrick Ravanel, Muriel Raveton

ABSTRACT

Mixed pollution is a characteristic of many industrial sites and constructed wetlands. Plants possessing an enzymatic detoxifying system that is able to handle xenobiotics seems to be a viable option for the removal of mixed persistent contaminants such organochlorines (OCs: monochlorobenzene (MCB), 1,4-dichlorobenzene (DCB), 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene (TCB), γ-hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH)). In this study, Phragmites australis plants were exposed to sub-lethal concentrations of OCs (7 days), in single-exposure (0.8 to 10 mg l−1) and in mixture of OCs (0.2 mg l−1 MCB + 0.2 mg l−1 DCB + 2.5 mg l−1 TCB + 0.175 mg l−1 HCH). Studies were conducted on the detoxification phase II enzymes; glutathione S-transferases (GST), and glucosyltransferases (UGT). Measurements of GST and UGT activities revealed that OCs may be buffered by glutathione and glucose conjugation. There appeared to be a correlation between the effects on phase II enzymes and the degree of chlorination of the benzene ring with, for example, the greatest effects being obtained for HCH exposure. In the case of mixed pollution, the induction of some GST isoenzymes (CDNB, 35 % non-significant) and UGT (118 %) in leaves and the inhibition of phase II enzymes in the other organs were measured. UGTs appear to be key enzymes in the detoxification of OCs. More... »

PAGES

3464-3471

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2009-05-22. Do heavy metals and metalloids influence the detoxification of organic xenobiotics in plants? in ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
  • 2010-04-13. Fate of Chlorinated Benzenes in Laboratory Peat and Pozzolana Filters in WATER, AIR, & SOIL POLLUTION
  • 2010-03-23. Bioaccumulation of organochlorine pesticides in aquatic system—an overview in ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT
  • 2007-11. Using phytoremediation technologies to upgrade waste water treatment in Europe in ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
  • 2006-10-18. How Plants Cope with Foreign Compounds. Translocation of xenobiotic glutathione conjugates in roots of barley (Hordeum vulgare) (9 pp) in ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
  • 2002-07. Agricultural soil as a potential source of input of organochlorine pesticides into a nearby pond in ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
  • 2010-11-22. Hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) as new Stockholm Convention POPs—a global perspective on the management of Lindane and its waste isomers in ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
  • 2011-09-24. Biological responses of maize (Zea mays) plants exposed to chlorobenzenes. Case study of monochloro-, 1,4-dichloro- and 1,2,4-trichloro-benzenes in ECOTOXICOLOGY
  • 2010-06-23. The effect of 2,4-dichlorophenol and pentachlorophenol on antioxidant system in the leaves of Phalaris arudinacea in BIOLOGIA PLANTARUM
  • 2008-05-01. HCH residues in point-source contaminated samples of the Teltow Canal in Berlin, Germany in ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY LETTERS
  • 2000-11. Bacterial dehalorespiration with chlorinated benzenes in NATURE
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    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11356-012-1301-6

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-012-1301-6

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034681945

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23179212


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