The formation and fate of chlorinated organic substances in temperate and boreal forest soils View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2008-12-23

AUTHORS

Nicholas Clarke, Květoslava Fuksová, Milan Gryndler, Zora Lachmanová, Hans-Holger Liste, Jana Rohlenová, Reiner Schroll, Peter Schröder, Miroslav Matucha

ABSTRACT

Background, aim and scopeChlorine is an abundant element, commonly occurring in nature either as chloride ions or as chlorinated organic compounds (OCls). Chlorinated organic substances were long considered purely anthropogenic products; however, they are, in addition, a commonly occurring and important part of natural ecosystems. Formation of OCls may affect the degradation of soil organic matter (SOM) and thus the carbon cycle with implications for the ability of forest soils to sequester carbon, whilst the occurrence of potentially toxic OCls in groundwater aquifers is of concern with regard to water quality. It is thus important to understand the biogeochemical cycle of chlorine, both inorganic and organic, to get information about the relevant processes in the forest ecosystem and the effects on these from human activities, including forestry practices. A survey is given of processes in the soil of temperate and boreal forests, predominantly in Europe, including the participation of chlorine, and gaps in knowledge and the need for further work are discussed.ResultsChlorine is present as chloride ion and/or OCls in all compartments of temperate and boreal forest ecosystems. It contributes to the degradation of SOM, thus also affecting carbon sequestration in the forest soil. The most important source of chloride to coastal forest ecosystems is sea salt deposition, and volcanoes and coal burning can also be important sources. Locally, de-icing salt can be an important chloride input near major roads. In addition, anthropogenic sources of OCls are manifold. However, results also indicate the formation of chlorinated organics by microorganisms as an important source, together with natural abiotic formation. In fact, the soil pool of OCls seems to be a result of the balance between chlorination and degradation processes. Ecologically, organochlorines may function as antibiotics, signal substances and energy equivalents, in descending order of significance. Forest management practices can affect the chlorine cycle, although little is at present known about how.DiscussionThe present data on the apparently considerable size of the pool of OCls indicate its importance for the functioning of the forest soil system and its stability, but factors controlling their formation, degradation and transport are not clearly understood. It would be useful to estimate the significance and rates of key processes to be able to judge the importance of OCls in SOM and litter degradation. Effects of forest management processes affecting SOM and chloride deposition are likely to affect OCls as well. Further standardisation and harmonisation of sampling and analytical procedures is necessary.Conclusions and perspectivesMore work is necessary in order to understand and, if necessary, develop strategies for mitigating the environmental impact of OCls in temperate and boreal forest soils. This includes both intensified research, especially to understand the key processes of formation and degradation of chlorinated compounds, and monitoring of the substances in question in forest ecosystems. It is also important to understand the effect of various forest management techniques on OCls, as management can be used to produce desired effects. More... »

PAGES

127-143

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2001-10. Feasibility of bioremediation by white-rot fungi in APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2005-09. Environmental Impact of Chemical Deicers – A Review in WATER, AIR, & SOIL POLLUTION
  • 2003-06-20. Chloroacetic acids in environmental processes in ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY LETTERS
  • 2003-05. Regional Sources of Methyl Chloride, Chloroform and Dichloromethane Identified from AGAGE Observations at Cape Grim, Tasmania, 1998–2000 in JOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY
  • 1985-05. Halomethane from halide ion—a highly efficient fungal conversion of environmental significance in NATURE
  • 2007-07-12. Pools and fluxes of carbon in three Norway spruce ecosystems along a climatic gradient in Sweden in BIOGEOCHEMISTRY
  • 2002-02-19. The natural chlorine cycle – fitting the scattered pieces in APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2006-12-13. Chlorine transport in a small catchment in southeast Sweden during two years in BIOGEOCHEMISTRY
  • 2006-07. Distribution of Persistent Organochlorine Compounds in One-Year and Two-Year-Old Pine Needles in BULLETIN OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY
  • 2005-08. The Role of Organic-matter-bound Chlorine in the Chlorine Cycle: A Case Study of the Stubbetorp Catchment, Sweden in BIOGEOCHEMISTRY
  • 2003-04. Export of chloride after clear-cutting in the Hubbard Brook sandbox experiment in BIOGEOCHEMISTRY
  • 2004. Combined Biological and Abiological Degradation of Xenobiotic Compounds in BIODEGRADATION AND BIOREMEDIATION
  • 2004. Biodegradation and Bioremediation of Halogenated Organic Compounds in BIODEGRADATION AND BIOREMEDIATION
  • 2000-01. Halocarbons produced by natural oxidation processes during degradation of organic matter in NATURE
  • 1999-05. Oxidative 4-dechlorination of 2,4,6-trichlorophenol catalyzed by horseradish peroxidase in JBIC JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
  • 1999-10. Complete analysis of genes and enzymes for γ-hexachlorocyclohexane degradation in Sphingomonas paucimobilis UT26 in JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY & BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2002-09. Terrestrial natural sources of trichloromethane (chloroform, CHCl3) – An overview in BIOGEOCHEMISTRY
  • 1975-07. Natural halocarbons in the air and in the sea in NATURE
  • 2005-06-01. Natural Formation and Degradation of Chloroacetic Acids and Volatile Organochlorines in Forest Soil. Challenges to understanding (12 pp) in ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
  • 2003-10-16. Conversion of adamsite (phenarsarzin chloride) by fungal manganese peroxidase in APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2002-09. Formation of Chloroform in Soil. A Year-round Study at a Danish Spruce Forest Site in WATER, AIR, & SOIL POLLUTION
  • 2005-02. The biogeochemistry of chlorine at Hubbard Brook, New Hampshire, USA in BIOGEOCHEMISTRY
  • 1995. Origin and occurrence of halogenated organic matter in soil in NATURALLY-PRODUCED ORGANOHALOGENS
  • 2001-04. The Impact of Road De-Icing Salts (NaCl) on Colloid Dispersion and Base Cation Pools in Roadside Soils in WATER, AIR, & SOIL POLLUTION
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11356-008-0090-4

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-008-0090-4

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032315143

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19104865


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/05", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Environmental Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/06", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Biological Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0502", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Environmental Science and Management", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0503", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Soil Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0602", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Ecology", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Climate", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Europe", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Soil", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Soil Pollutants", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Trees", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Norwegian Forest and Landscape Institute, P.O. Box 115, 1431, \u00c5s, Norway", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.454322.6", 
              "name": [
                "Norwegian Forest and Landscape Institute, P.O. Box 115, 1431, \u00c5s, Norway"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Clarke", 
            "givenName": "Nicholas", 
            "id": "sg:person.014054433717.03", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014054433717.03"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Katerinsk\u00e1 32, 121 08, Prague, Czech Republic", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4491.8", 
              "name": [
                "First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Katerinsk\u00e1 32, 121 08, Prague, Czech Republic"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Fuksov\u00e1", 
            "givenName": "Kv\u011btoslava", 
            "id": "sg:person.01267540337.51", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01267540337.51"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Institute of Microbiology, Czech Academy of Sciences, V\u00edde\u0148sk\u00e1 1083, 142 20, Prague, Czech Republic", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418800.5", 
              "name": [
                "Institute of Microbiology, Czech Academy of Sciences, V\u00edde\u0148sk\u00e1 1083, 142 20, Prague, Czech Republic"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Gryndler", 
            "givenName": "Milan", 
            "id": "sg:person.01322347243.05", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01322347243.05"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Forestry and Game Management Research Institute, J\u00edlovi\u0161t\u011b Strnady 136, 156 04, Prague, Czech Republic", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.448129.2", 
              "name": [
                "Forestry and Game Management Research Institute, J\u00edlovi\u0161t\u011b Strnady 136, 156 04, Prague, Czech Republic"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Lachmanov\u00e1", 
            "givenName": "Zora", 
            "id": "sg:person.01311421400.15", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01311421400.15"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Centre for Cultivated Crops, Julius K\u00fchn-Institute (JKI) Federal Research, K\u00f6nigin-Luise-Strasse 19, 14195, Berlin, Germany", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
              "name": [
                "Centre for Cultivated Crops, Julius K\u00fchn-Institute (JKI) Federal Research, K\u00f6nigin-Luise-Strasse 19, 14195, Berlin, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Liste", 
            "givenName": "Hans-Holger", 
            "id": "sg:person.01176315231.17", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01176315231.17"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Institute of Experimental Botany, Czech Academy of Sciences, V\u00edde\u0148sk\u00e1 1083, 142 20, Prague 4, Czech Republic", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419008.4", 
              "name": [
                "Institute of Experimental Botany, Czech Academy of Sciences, V\u00edde\u0148sk\u00e1 1083, 142 20, Prague 4, Czech Republic"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Rohlenov\u00e1", 
            "givenName": "Jana", 
            "id": "sg:person.01232565027.06", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01232565027.06"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Institute of Soil Ecology, Helmholtz Center Munich, German Research Center for Environmental Health (GmbH), Ingolst\u00e4dter Landstr. 1, 85764, Neuherberg, Germany", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4567.0", 
              "name": [
                "Institute of Soil Ecology, Helmholtz Center Munich, German Research Center for Environmental Health (GmbH), Ingolst\u00e4dter Landstr. 1, 85764, Neuherberg, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Schroll", 
            "givenName": "Reiner", 
            "id": "sg:person.0712433602.91", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0712433602.91"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Microbe\u2013Plant Interactions, German Research Center for Environmental Health (GmbH), Ingolst\u00e4dter Landstr. 1, 85764, Neuherberg, Germany", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4567.0", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Microbe\u2013Plant Interactions, German Research Center for Environmental Health (GmbH), Ingolst\u00e4dter Landstr. 1, 85764, Neuherberg, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Schr\u00f6der", 
            "givenName": "Peter", 
            "id": "sg:person.0764103643.97", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0764103643.97"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Institute of Experimental Botany, Czech Academy of Sciences, V\u00edde\u0148sk\u00e1 1083, 142 20, Prague 4, Czech Republic", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419008.4", 
              "name": [
                "Institute of Experimental Botany, Czech Academy of Sciences, V\u00edde\u0148sk\u00e1 1083, 142 20, Prague 4, Czech Republic"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Matucha", 
            "givenName": "Miroslav", 
            "id": "sg:person.0770750137.01", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0770750137.01"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/sj.jim.2900736", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027343869", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.jim.2900736"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1023/a:1005221314856", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026563310", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1005221314856"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/315055a0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028263782", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/315055a0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11270-005-8265-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016567782", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-005-8265-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1023/a:1019887505651", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008231301", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1019887505651"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-94-011-0061-8_3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050971970", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-0061-8_3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-662-06066-7_6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001485269", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-06066-7_6"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00253-003-1453-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027361059", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-003-1453-x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-662-06066-7_11", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031614335", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-06066-7_11"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1065/espr2005.06.262", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036077671", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1065/espr2005.06.262"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1023/a:1023335002926", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050075380", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1023335002926"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10533-006-9062-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038877521", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10533-006-9062-2"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/256193a0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013212059", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/256193a0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10533-007-9136-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046948492", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10533-007-9136-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/35002055", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042079295", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/35002055"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1023/a:1024022320985", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007262388", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1024022320985"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10311-003-0030-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031837717", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10311-003-0030-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1023/a:1015896719508", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004876364", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1015896719508"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s002530100745", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003921739", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s002530100745"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00253-001-0895-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014962984", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-001-0895-2"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10533-004-0357-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006061820", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10533-004-0357-x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10533-004-7259-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051669453", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10533-004-7259-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00128-006-1043-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016027365", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-006-1043-6"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s007750050309", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048758427", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s007750050309"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2008-12-23", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2008-12-23", 
        "description": "Background, aim and scopeChlorine is an abundant element, commonly occurring in nature either as chloride ions or as chlorinated organic compounds (OCls). Chlorinated organic substances were long considered purely anthropogenic products; however, they are, in addition, a commonly occurring and important part of natural ecosystems. Formation of OCls may affect the degradation of soil organic matter (SOM) and thus the carbon cycle with implications for the ability of forest soils to sequester carbon, whilst the occurrence of potentially toxic OCls in groundwater aquifers is of concern with regard to water quality. It is thus important to understand the biogeochemical cycle of chlorine, both inorganic and organic, to get information about the relevant processes in the forest ecosystem and the effects on these from human activities, including forestry practices. A survey is given of processes in the soil of temperate and boreal forests, predominantly in Europe, including the participation of chlorine, and gaps in knowledge and the need for further work are discussed.ResultsChlorine is present as chloride ion and/or OCls in all compartments of temperate and boreal forest ecosystems. It contributes to the degradation of SOM, thus also affecting carbon sequestration in the forest soil. The most important source of chloride to coastal forest ecosystems is sea salt deposition, and volcanoes and coal burning can also be important sources. Locally, de-icing salt can be an important chloride input near major roads. In addition, anthropogenic sources of OCls are manifold. However, results also indicate the formation of chlorinated organics by microorganisms as an important source, together with natural abiotic formation. In fact, the soil pool of OCls seems to be a result of the balance between chlorination and degradation processes. Ecologically, organochlorines may function as antibiotics, signal substances and energy equivalents, in descending order of significance. Forest management practices can affect the chlorine cycle, although little is at present known about how.DiscussionThe present data on the apparently considerable size of the pool of OCls indicate its importance for the functioning of the forest soil system and its stability, but factors controlling their formation, degradation and transport are not clearly understood. It would be useful to estimate the significance and rates of key processes to be able to judge the importance of OCls in SOM and litter degradation. Effects of forest management processes affecting SOM and chloride deposition are likely to affect OCls as well. Further standardisation and harmonisation of sampling and analytical procedures is necessary.Conclusions and perspectivesMore work is necessary in order to understand and, if necessary, develop strategies for mitigating the environmental impact of OCls in temperate and boreal forest soils. This includes both intensified research, especially to understand the key processes of formation and degradation of chlorinated compounds, and monitoring of the substances in question in forest ecosystems. It is also important to understand the effect of various forest management techniques on OCls, as management can be used to produce desired effects.", 
        "genre": "article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11356-008-0090-4", 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1113424", 
            "issn": [
              "0944-1344", 
              "1614-7499"
            ], 
            "name": "Environmental Science and Pollution Research", 
            "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "2", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "16"
          }
        ], 
        "keywords": [
          "soil organic matter", 
          "forest ecosystems", 
          "forest soil", 
          "degradation of SOM", 
          "ability of forests", 
          "coastal forest ecosystems", 
          "forest soil systems", 
          "forest management practices", 
          "forest management techniques", 
          "soils of temperate", 
          "natural abiotic formation", 
          "forest management process", 
          "sea salt deposition", 
          "participation of chlorine", 
          "chlorinated organic substances", 
          "de-icing salt", 
          "key processes", 
          "important source", 
          "organic substances", 
          "soil pools", 
          "carbon sequestration", 
          "natural ecosystems", 
          "forestry practices", 
          "litter degradation", 
          "soil system", 
          "boreal forests", 
          "biogeochemical cycles", 
          "water quality", 
          "carbon cycle", 
          "organic matter", 
          "anthropogenic sources", 
          "human activities", 
          "ecosystems", 
          "anthropogenic products", 
          "management practices", 
          "chloride input", 
          "soil", 
          "chlorine cycle", 
          "temperate", 
          "environmental impacts", 
          "groundwater aquifers", 
          "coal burning", 
          "major roads", 
          "chloride deposition", 
          "forest", 
          "management techniques", 
          "degradation process", 
          "salt deposition", 
          "abundant elements", 
          "relevant processes", 
          "abiotic formation", 
          "degradation", 
          "pool", 
          "organic compounds", 
          "further standardisation", 
          "sequestration", 
          "management process", 
          "order of significance", 
          "burning", 
          "carbon", 
          "organochlorines", 
          "source", 
          "analytical procedure", 
          "fate", 
          "aquifer", 
          "matter", 
          "importance", 
          "further work", 
          "microorganisms", 
          "organics", 
          "management", 
          "cycle", 
          "deposition", 
          "road", 
          "Europe", 
          "functioning", 
          "energy equivalent", 
          "impact", 
          "monitoring", 
          "input", 
          "substances", 
          "practice", 
          "important part", 
          "occurrence", 
          "effect", 
          "signal substances", 
          "considerable size", 
          "concern", 
          "process", 
          "balance", 
          "survey", 
          "quality", 
          "volcano", 
          "compartments", 
          "harmonisation", 
          "transport", 
          "results", 
          "formation", 
          "implications", 
          "significance", 
          "addition", 
          "gap", 
          "strategies", 
          "need", 
          "knowledge", 
          "information", 
          "factors", 
          "part", 
          "size", 
          "order", 
          "data", 
          "elements", 
          "research", 
          "activity", 
          "rate", 
          "chlorine", 
          "ability", 
          "nature", 
          "salt", 
          "regard", 
          "compounds", 
          "chlorination", 
          "standardisation", 
          "equivalent", 
          "system", 
          "questions", 
          "aim", 
          "products", 
          "work", 
          "present data", 
          "fact", 
          "participation", 
          "stability", 
          "background", 
          "chloride ions", 
          "technique", 
          "chloride", 
          "conclusion", 
          "antibiotics", 
          "procedure", 
          "ions", 
          "OCL"
        ], 
        "name": "The formation and fate of chlorinated organic substances in temperate and boreal forest soils", 
        "pagination": "127-143", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1032315143"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/s11356-008-0090-4"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "pubmed_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "19104865"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-008-0090-4", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032315143"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2022-09-02T15:52", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220902/entities/gbq_results/article/article_464.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-008-0090-4"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11356-008-0090-4'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11356-008-0090-4'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11356-008-0090-4'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11356-008-0090-4'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    411 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      200 URIs      165 LITERALS      13 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/s11356-008-0090-4 schema:about N36aa45d470d14485a080a1508366754c
    2 N441d697a17ad4d4e99fe65bb9ae2ee7d
    3 N68f1bd2626f44a1fac1416c04fc02e2d
    4 N70541dc7432c4d9b971db04783b59875
    5 N7bffda5811ba49e0ab363d1c60c7c30e
    6 Nc5cd60e4858c427a8affbb6acd64b617
    7 anzsrc-for:05
    8 anzsrc-for:0502
    9 anzsrc-for:0503
    10 anzsrc-for:06
    11 anzsrc-for:0602
    12 schema:author Ne176a5a9e5a248508c2769019a60ae89
    13 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-662-06066-7_11
    14 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-662-06066-7_6
    15 sg:pub.10.1007/978-94-011-0061-8_3
    16 sg:pub.10.1007/s00128-006-1043-6
    17 sg:pub.10.1007/s00253-001-0895-2
    18 sg:pub.10.1007/s00253-003-1453-x
    19 sg:pub.10.1007/s002530100745
    20 sg:pub.10.1007/s007750050309
    21 sg:pub.10.1007/s10311-003-0030-y
    22 sg:pub.10.1007/s10533-004-0357-x
    23 sg:pub.10.1007/s10533-004-7259-9
    24 sg:pub.10.1007/s10533-006-9062-2
    25 sg:pub.10.1007/s10533-007-9136-9
    26 sg:pub.10.1007/s11270-005-8265-9
    27 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1005221314856
    28 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1015896719508
    29 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1019887505651
    30 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1023335002926
    31 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1024022320985
    32 sg:pub.10.1038/256193a0
    33 sg:pub.10.1038/315055a0
    34 sg:pub.10.1038/35002055
    35 sg:pub.10.1038/sj.jim.2900736
    36 sg:pub.10.1065/espr2005.06.262
    37 schema:datePublished 2008-12-23
    38 schema:datePublishedReg 2008-12-23
    39 schema:description Background, aim and scopeChlorine is an abundant element, commonly occurring in nature either as chloride ions or as chlorinated organic compounds (OCls). Chlorinated organic substances were long considered purely anthropogenic products; however, they are, in addition, a commonly occurring and important part of natural ecosystems. Formation of OCls may affect the degradation of soil organic matter (SOM) and thus the carbon cycle with implications for the ability of forest soils to sequester carbon, whilst the occurrence of potentially toxic OCls in groundwater aquifers is of concern with regard to water quality. It is thus important to understand the biogeochemical cycle of chlorine, both inorganic and organic, to get information about the relevant processes in the forest ecosystem and the effects on these from human activities, including forestry practices. A survey is given of processes in the soil of temperate and boreal forests, predominantly in Europe, including the participation of chlorine, and gaps in knowledge and the need for further work are discussed.ResultsChlorine is present as chloride ion and/or OCls in all compartments of temperate and boreal forest ecosystems. It contributes to the degradation of SOM, thus also affecting carbon sequestration in the forest soil. The most important source of chloride to coastal forest ecosystems is sea salt deposition, and volcanoes and coal burning can also be important sources. Locally, de-icing salt can be an important chloride input near major roads. In addition, anthropogenic sources of OCls are manifold. However, results also indicate the formation of chlorinated organics by microorganisms as an important source, together with natural abiotic formation. In fact, the soil pool of OCls seems to be a result of the balance between chlorination and degradation processes. Ecologically, organochlorines may function as antibiotics, signal substances and energy equivalents, in descending order of significance. Forest management practices can affect the chlorine cycle, although little is at present known about how.DiscussionThe present data on the apparently considerable size of the pool of OCls indicate its importance for the functioning of the forest soil system and its stability, but factors controlling their formation, degradation and transport are not clearly understood. It would be useful to estimate the significance and rates of key processes to be able to judge the importance of OCls in SOM and litter degradation. Effects of forest management processes affecting SOM and chloride deposition are likely to affect OCls as well. Further standardisation and harmonisation of sampling and analytical procedures is necessary.Conclusions and perspectivesMore work is necessary in order to understand and, if necessary, develop strategies for mitigating the environmental impact of OCls in temperate and boreal forest soils. This includes both intensified research, especially to understand the key processes of formation and degradation of chlorinated compounds, and monitoring of the substances in question in forest ecosystems. It is also important to understand the effect of various forest management techniques on OCls, as management can be used to produce desired effects.
    40 schema:genre article
    41 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    42 schema:isPartOf N869e5e45e3d945ce8be24e4ba345f6e0
    43 Nb15cdccdf7f94b0d9624951382b9bb4b
    44 sg:journal.1113424
    45 schema:keywords Europe
    46 OCL
    47 ability
    48 ability of forests
    49 abiotic formation
    50 abundant elements
    51 activity
    52 addition
    53 aim
    54 analytical procedure
    55 anthropogenic products
    56 anthropogenic sources
    57 antibiotics
    58 aquifer
    59 background
    60 balance
    61 biogeochemical cycles
    62 boreal forests
    63 burning
    64 carbon
    65 carbon cycle
    66 carbon sequestration
    67 chloride
    68 chloride deposition
    69 chloride input
    70 chloride ions
    71 chlorinated organic substances
    72 chlorination
    73 chlorine
    74 chlorine cycle
    75 coal burning
    76 coastal forest ecosystems
    77 compartments
    78 compounds
    79 concern
    80 conclusion
    81 considerable size
    82 cycle
    83 data
    84 de-icing salt
    85 degradation
    86 degradation of SOM
    87 degradation process
    88 deposition
    89 ecosystems
    90 effect
    91 elements
    92 energy equivalent
    93 environmental impacts
    94 equivalent
    95 fact
    96 factors
    97 fate
    98 forest
    99 forest ecosystems
    100 forest management practices
    101 forest management process
    102 forest management techniques
    103 forest soil
    104 forest soil systems
    105 forestry practices
    106 formation
    107 functioning
    108 further standardisation
    109 further work
    110 gap
    111 groundwater aquifers
    112 harmonisation
    113 human activities
    114 impact
    115 implications
    116 importance
    117 important part
    118 important source
    119 information
    120 input
    121 ions
    122 key processes
    123 knowledge
    124 litter degradation
    125 major roads
    126 management
    127 management practices
    128 management process
    129 management techniques
    130 matter
    131 microorganisms
    132 monitoring
    133 natural abiotic formation
    134 natural ecosystems
    135 nature
    136 need
    137 occurrence
    138 order
    139 order of significance
    140 organic compounds
    141 organic matter
    142 organic substances
    143 organics
    144 organochlorines
    145 part
    146 participation
    147 participation of chlorine
    148 pool
    149 practice
    150 present data
    151 procedure
    152 process
    153 products
    154 quality
    155 questions
    156 rate
    157 regard
    158 relevant processes
    159 research
    160 results
    161 road
    162 salt
    163 salt deposition
    164 sea salt deposition
    165 sequestration
    166 signal substances
    167 significance
    168 size
    169 soil
    170 soil organic matter
    171 soil pools
    172 soil system
    173 soils of temperate
    174 source
    175 stability
    176 standardisation
    177 strategies
    178 substances
    179 survey
    180 system
    181 technique
    182 temperate
    183 transport
    184 volcano
    185 water quality
    186 work
    187 schema:name The formation and fate of chlorinated organic substances in temperate and boreal forest soils
    188 schema:pagination 127-143
    189 schema:productId N20ceca7c69e84e5eb5184d7c48269afd
    190 N7f02330b35494635b3c40a8d38867e76
    191 Nbcc514fc71344a7d839a3b9059d90ae3
    192 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032315143
    193 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-008-0090-4
    194 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-09-02T15:52
    195 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    196 schema:sdPublisher Nc70cc6d00e684055b76bb7946be62248
    197 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-008-0090-4
    198 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    199 sgo:sdDataset articles
    200 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    201 N10d16848fb654778bf7d337982c63fe6 rdf:first sg:person.01311421400.15
    202 rdf:rest N47f006ca2a5142e1ae141d6d637ff878
    203 N20ceca7c69e84e5eb5184d7c48269afd schema:name pubmed_id
    204 schema:value 19104865
    205 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    206 N2250d1930f3e46f8bf35afce21f1d247 rdf:first sg:person.0712433602.91
    207 rdf:rest Nf15a3550f9414dd889f88817df9c80ba
    208 N36aa45d470d14485a080a1508366754c schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    209 schema:name Climate
    210 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    211 N441d697a17ad4d4e99fe65bb9ae2ee7d schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    212 schema:name Europe
    213 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    214 N47f006ca2a5142e1ae141d6d637ff878 rdf:first sg:person.01176315231.17
    215 rdf:rest N4c16db7eb24b4713bb19792ed6d9032d
    216 N4c16db7eb24b4713bb19792ed6d9032d rdf:first sg:person.01232565027.06
    217 rdf:rest N2250d1930f3e46f8bf35afce21f1d247
    218 N564191756de84ce59ca26bb6b742879f rdf:first sg:person.0770750137.01
    219 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    220 N6187733a7bf54ba28f3dc93a55a2bfb0 rdf:first sg:person.01267540337.51
    221 rdf:rest N917786b02fa64d5dbb6b40a4a70547f1
    222 N68f1bd2626f44a1fac1416c04fc02e2d schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    223 schema:name Soil
    224 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    225 N70541dc7432c4d9b971db04783b59875 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    226 schema:name Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated
    227 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    228 N7bffda5811ba49e0ab363d1c60c7c30e schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    229 schema:name Soil Pollutants
    230 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    231 N7f02330b35494635b3c40a8d38867e76 schema:name dimensions_id
    232 schema:value pub.1032315143
    233 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    234 N869e5e45e3d945ce8be24e4ba345f6e0 schema:issueNumber 2
    235 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    236 N917786b02fa64d5dbb6b40a4a70547f1 rdf:first sg:person.01322347243.05
    237 rdf:rest N10d16848fb654778bf7d337982c63fe6
    238 Nb15cdccdf7f94b0d9624951382b9bb4b schema:volumeNumber 16
    239 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    240 Nbcc514fc71344a7d839a3b9059d90ae3 schema:name doi
    241 schema:value 10.1007/s11356-008-0090-4
    242 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    243 Nc5cd60e4858c427a8affbb6acd64b617 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    244 schema:name Trees
    245 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    246 Nc70cc6d00e684055b76bb7946be62248 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    247 rdf:type schema:Organization
    248 Ne176a5a9e5a248508c2769019a60ae89 rdf:first sg:person.014054433717.03
    249 rdf:rest N6187733a7bf54ba28f3dc93a55a2bfb0
    250 Nf15a3550f9414dd889f88817df9c80ba rdf:first sg:person.0764103643.97
    251 rdf:rest N564191756de84ce59ca26bb6b742879f
    252 anzsrc-for:05 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    253 schema:name Environmental Sciences
    254 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    255 anzsrc-for:0502 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    256 schema:name Environmental Science and Management
    257 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    258 anzsrc-for:0503 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    259 schema:name Soil Sciences
    260 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    261 anzsrc-for:06 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    262 schema:name Biological Sciences
    263 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    264 anzsrc-for:0602 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    265 schema:name Ecology
    266 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    267 sg:journal.1113424 schema:issn 0944-1344
    268 1614-7499
    269 schema:name Environmental Science and Pollution Research
    270 schema:publisher Springer Nature
    271 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    272 sg:person.01176315231.17 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
    273 schema:familyName Liste
    274 schema:givenName Hans-Holger
    275 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01176315231.17
    276 rdf:type schema:Person
    277 sg:person.01232565027.06 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.419008.4
    278 schema:familyName Rohlenová
    279 schema:givenName Jana
    280 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01232565027.06
    281 rdf:type schema:Person
    282 sg:person.01267540337.51 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.4491.8
    283 schema:familyName Fuksová
    284 schema:givenName Květoslava
    285 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01267540337.51
    286 rdf:type schema:Person
    287 sg:person.01311421400.15 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.448129.2
    288 schema:familyName Lachmanová
    289 schema:givenName Zora
    290 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01311421400.15
    291 rdf:type schema:Person
    292 sg:person.01322347243.05 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.418800.5
    293 schema:familyName Gryndler
    294 schema:givenName Milan
    295 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01322347243.05
    296 rdf:type schema:Person
    297 sg:person.014054433717.03 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.454322.6
    298 schema:familyName Clarke
    299 schema:givenName Nicholas
    300 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014054433717.03
    301 rdf:type schema:Person
    302 sg:person.0712433602.91 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.4567.0
    303 schema:familyName Schroll
    304 schema:givenName Reiner
    305 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0712433602.91
    306 rdf:type schema:Person
    307 sg:person.0764103643.97 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.4567.0
    308 schema:familyName Schröder
    309 schema:givenName Peter
    310 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0764103643.97
    311 rdf:type schema:Person
    312 sg:person.0770750137.01 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.419008.4
    313 schema:familyName Matucha
    314 schema:givenName Miroslav
    315 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0770750137.01
    316 rdf:type schema:Person
    317 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-662-06066-7_11 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031614335
    318 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-06066-7_11
    319 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    320 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-662-06066-7_6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001485269
    321 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-06066-7_6
    322 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    323 sg:pub.10.1007/978-94-011-0061-8_3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050971970
    324 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-0061-8_3
    325 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    326 sg:pub.10.1007/s00128-006-1043-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016027365
    327 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-006-1043-6
    328 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    329 sg:pub.10.1007/s00253-001-0895-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014962984
    330 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-001-0895-2
    331 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    332 sg:pub.10.1007/s00253-003-1453-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027361059
    333 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-003-1453-x
    334 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    335 sg:pub.10.1007/s002530100745 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003921739
    336 https://doi.org/10.1007/s002530100745
    337 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    338 sg:pub.10.1007/s007750050309 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048758427
    339 https://doi.org/10.1007/s007750050309
    340 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    341 sg:pub.10.1007/s10311-003-0030-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031837717
    342 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10311-003-0030-y
    343 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    344 sg:pub.10.1007/s10533-004-0357-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006061820
    345 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10533-004-0357-x
    346 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    347 sg:pub.10.1007/s10533-004-7259-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051669453
    348 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10533-004-7259-9
    349 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    350 sg:pub.10.1007/s10533-006-9062-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038877521
    351 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10533-006-9062-2
    352 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    353 sg:pub.10.1007/s10533-007-9136-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046948492
    354 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10533-007-9136-9
    355 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    356 sg:pub.10.1007/s11270-005-8265-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016567782
    357 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-005-8265-9
    358 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    359 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1005221314856 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026563310
    360 https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1005221314856
    361 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    362 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1015896719508 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004876364
    363 https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1015896719508
    364 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    365 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1019887505651 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008231301
    366 https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1019887505651
    367 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    368 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1023335002926 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050075380
    369 https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1023335002926
    370 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    371 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1024022320985 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007262388
    372 https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1024022320985
    373 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    374 sg:pub.10.1038/256193a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013212059
    375 https://doi.org/10.1038/256193a0
    376 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    377 sg:pub.10.1038/315055a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028263782
    378 https://doi.org/10.1038/315055a0
    379 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    380 sg:pub.10.1038/35002055 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042079295
    381 https://doi.org/10.1038/35002055
    382 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    383 sg:pub.10.1038/sj.jim.2900736 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027343869
    384 https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.jim.2900736
    385 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    386 sg:pub.10.1065/espr2005.06.262 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036077671
    387 https://doi.org/10.1065/espr2005.06.262
    388 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    389 grid-institutes:None schema:alternateName Centre for Cultivated Crops, Julius Kühn-Institute (JKI) Federal Research, Königin-Luise-Strasse 19, 14195, Berlin, Germany
    390 schema:name Centre for Cultivated Crops, Julius Kühn-Institute (JKI) Federal Research, Königin-Luise-Strasse 19, 14195, Berlin, Germany
    391 rdf:type schema:Organization
    392 grid-institutes:grid.418800.5 schema:alternateName Institute of Microbiology, Czech Academy of Sciences, Vídeňská 1083, 142 20, Prague, Czech Republic
    393 schema:name Institute of Microbiology, Czech Academy of Sciences, Vídeňská 1083, 142 20, Prague, Czech Republic
    394 rdf:type schema:Organization
    395 grid-institutes:grid.419008.4 schema:alternateName Institute of Experimental Botany, Czech Academy of Sciences, Vídeňská 1083, 142 20, Prague 4, Czech Republic
    396 schema:name Institute of Experimental Botany, Czech Academy of Sciences, Vídeňská 1083, 142 20, Prague 4, Czech Republic
    397 rdf:type schema:Organization
    398 grid-institutes:grid.448129.2 schema:alternateName Forestry and Game Management Research Institute, Jíloviště Strnady 136, 156 04, Prague, Czech Republic
    399 schema:name Forestry and Game Management Research Institute, Jíloviště Strnady 136, 156 04, Prague, Czech Republic
    400 rdf:type schema:Organization
    401 grid-institutes:grid.4491.8 schema:alternateName First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Katerinská 32, 121 08, Prague, Czech Republic
    402 schema:name First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Katerinská 32, 121 08, Prague, Czech Republic
    403 rdf:type schema:Organization
    404 grid-institutes:grid.454322.6 schema:alternateName Norwegian Forest and Landscape Institute, P.O. Box 115, 1431, Ås, Norway
    405 schema:name Norwegian Forest and Landscape Institute, P.O. Box 115, 1431, Ås, Norway
    406 rdf:type schema:Organization
    407 grid-institutes:grid.4567.0 schema:alternateName Department of Microbe–Plant Interactions, German Research Center for Environmental Health (GmbH), Ingolstädter Landstr. 1, 85764, Neuherberg, Germany
    408 Institute of Soil Ecology, Helmholtz Center Munich, German Research Center for Environmental Health (GmbH), Ingolstädter Landstr. 1, 85764, Neuherberg, Germany
    409 schema:name Department of Microbe–Plant Interactions, German Research Center for Environmental Health (GmbH), Ingolstädter Landstr. 1, 85764, Neuherberg, Germany
    410 Institute of Soil Ecology, Helmholtz Center Munich, German Research Center for Environmental Health (GmbH), Ingolstädter Landstr. 1, 85764, Neuherberg, Germany
    411 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...