Pediatric Sleep Survey Instrument—a screening tool for sleep disordered breathing View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2014-05

AUTHORS

Sarah N. Biggs, Gillian M. Nixon, Margot J. Davey, Diana C. Cicua Navarro, J. Declan Kennedy, Kurt Lushington, Rosemary S. C. Horne

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the construct validity and clinical application of the Pediatric Sleep Survey Instrument (PSSI) as a tool to screen for sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in children. METHODS: Polysomnography (PSG) outcomes and PSSI subscale scores were compared between a clinical cohort (N = 87, 5-10 years, 62 M/25 F) and a nonsnoring community sample (N = 55, 5-10 years, 28 M/27 F). Group comparisons assessed the ability of the PSSI subscales to discriminate between the clinical and community cohorts. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves assessed construct validity, with the Apnea/Hypopnea Index (AHI) >5 events/h, OSA-18 score >60, and Pediatric Daytime Sleepiness Scale (PDSS) above the 70th percentile as the target references. RESULTS: The clinical group had more respiratory events, respiratory-related arousals, fragmented sleep, and lower oxygen saturation nadir than the community group (p < 0.001 for all). PSSI subscale scores of Morning Tiredness, Night Arousals, SDB, and Restless Sleep were higher (p < 0.001 for all) in the clinical cohort, confirming the tool's ability to identify clinically relevant sleep problems. ROC curves confirmed the diagnostic accuracy of the SDB subscale against an AHI > 5 events/h (area under the curve (AUC) = 0.7), an OSA-18 score >60 (AUC = 0.7), and a PDSS score in the 70th percentile (AUC = 0.8). The Morning Tiredness subscale accurately predicted a PDSS score in the 70th percentile (AUC = 0.8). A cutoff score of 5 on the SDB subscale showed a sensitivity of 0.94 and a specificity of 0.76, correctly identifying 77 and 100 % of the clinical and community cohorts, respectively. CONCLUSION: The PSSI Sleep Disordered Breathing subscale is a valid tool for screening SDB and daytime sleepiness in children aged 5-10 years. More... »

PAGES

383-390

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11325-013-0897-1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11325-013-0897-1

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051966066

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24078194


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47 schema:description PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the construct validity and clinical application of the Pediatric Sleep Survey Instrument (PSSI) as a tool to screen for sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in children. METHODS: Polysomnography (PSG) outcomes and PSSI subscale scores were compared between a clinical cohort (N = 87, 5-10 years, 62 M/25 F) and a nonsnoring community sample (N = 55, 5-10 years, 28 M/27 F). Group comparisons assessed the ability of the PSSI subscales to discriminate between the clinical and community cohorts. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves assessed construct validity, with the Apnea/Hypopnea Index (AHI) >5 events/h, OSA-18 score >60, and Pediatric Daytime Sleepiness Scale (PDSS) above the 70th percentile as the target references. RESULTS: The clinical group had more respiratory events, respiratory-related arousals, fragmented sleep, and lower oxygen saturation nadir than the community group (p < 0.001 for all). PSSI subscale scores of Morning Tiredness, Night Arousals, SDB, and Restless Sleep were higher (p < 0.001 for all) in the clinical cohort, confirming the tool's ability to identify clinically relevant sleep problems. ROC curves confirmed the diagnostic accuracy of the SDB subscale against an AHI > 5 events/h (area under the curve (AUC) = 0.7), an OSA-18 score >60 (AUC = 0.7), and a PDSS score in the 70th percentile (AUC = 0.8). The Morning Tiredness subscale accurately predicted a PDSS score in the 70th percentile (AUC = 0.8). A cutoff score of 5 on the SDB subscale showed a sensitivity of 0.94 and a specificity of 0.76, correctly identifying 77 and 100 % of the clinical and community cohorts, respectively. CONCLUSION: The PSSI Sleep Disordered Breathing subscale is a valid tool for screening SDB and daytime sleepiness in children aged 5-10 years.
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