Prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing in acute ischemic stroke as determined using a portable sleep apnea monitoring device in Korean subjects View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2011-01

AUTHORS

Byung-Euk Joo, Hung Youl Seok, Sung-Wook Yu, Byung-Jo Kim, Kun-Woo Park, Dae-Hie Lee, Ki-Young Jung

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: It has been suggested that there is a strong association between sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and stroke. However, this connection has not been studied in Korean subjects. METHODS: Sixty-one patients with acute cerebral infarction (ACI) and 13 patients with transient ischemic attack (TIA) were consecutively enrolled. SDB was evaluated within 48 h of stroke or TIA onset using a portable screening device, which allowed incidents of apnea, hypopnea, and snoring to be automatically analyzed. Clinical and sleep-related variables, including body mass indices (BMI), cardiovascular risk factors, stroke severity and disability, and Epworth sleepiness scale, Stanford sleepiness scale, and Berlin questionnaire scores were assessed. Sixty-four age-matched patient's spouses or family members with no history of physician-diagnosed stroke were enrolled as controls. RESULTS: Mean apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) was significantly higher in TIA (14.6 ± 10.4) and ACI (15.6 ± 14.7) patients than in the controls (7.8 ± 7.0; p = 0.001). The prevalences of SDB were 69.2% in TIA and 50.8% in ACI patients and 32.8% in controls. BMI and systolic blood pressure (SBP) were significantly higher in patients with SDB than in patients without SDB. Sleep-related stroke onset occurred in 17 patients (22.9%), and these patients had significantly higher AHIs. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that BMI (odds ratio, 1.293; p = 0.027) and SBP (odds ratio, 1.030; p = 0.004) were found to independently predict SDB in patients with TIA or ACI. CONCLUSIONS: SDB is prevalent during the 48 h following ACI or TIA in Korean subjects. The authors recommend that SDB be evaluated after an ACI or TIA, especially in those with a high BMI and an elevated SBP. More... »

PAGES

77-82

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11325-009-0325-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11325-009-0325-8

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046987703

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20094807


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