Complete sequence of the chloroplast genome from pear (Pyrus pyrifolia): genome structure and comparative analysis View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2012-02-08

AUTHORS

Shingo Terakami, Yuichiro Matsumura, Kanako Kurita, Hiroyuki Kanamori, Yuichi Katayose, Toshiya Yamamoto, Hironori Katayama

ABSTRACT

The chloroplast genome of Pyrus was found to be 159,922 bp in length which included a pair of inverted repeats (IRs) of 26,392 bp, separated by a small single-copy region of 19,237 bp and a large single-copy region (LSC) of 87,901 bp. A total of 130 predicted genes (113 unique genes and 17 genes, which were duplicated in the IR) including 79 protein-coding genes, four ribosomal RNA genes and 30 tRNA genes were identified based on similarity to homologs from the chloroplast genome of Nicotiana tabacum. Genome organization was very similar to the inferred ancestral angiosperm chloroplast genome. Comparisons between Pyrus, Malus, and Prunus in Rosaceae revealed 220 indels (≥10 bp). Excluding ycf1 and ycf2, which contained deletions in the coding region, all of these were detected in the spacer or intron regions. Three insertions and 13 deletions were detected in Pyrus compared to the same loci in Malus and Prunus. After comparing 89 noncoding chloroplast DNA regions in Pyrus and Malus, highly variable regions such as ndhC-trnV and trnR-atpA were identified. In Pyrus and Malus, the IR/LSC borders were 62 bp shorter than those of Prunus. In addition, there were length mutations at the IRa/LSC junction and in trnH. A total of 67 simple sequence repeats (more than 10 repeated motifs) were identified in the Pyrus chloroplast genome. The indels and simple sequence repeats will be useful evolutionary tools at both intra- and interspecific levels. Phylogenetic analysis demonstrated a close relationship between Pyrus and Prunus in the Rosaceae. More... »

PAGES

841-854

References to SciGraph publications

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  • <error retrieving object. in <ERROR RETRIEVING OBJECT
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  • 2006-09-01. Development and validation of a bovine macrophage specific cDNA microarray in BMC GENOMICS
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  • 2002-03. Phylogenetic relationships in Rosaceae inferred from chloroplast matK and trnL-trnF nucleotide sequence data in PLANT SYSTEMATICS AND EVOLUTION
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  • 2005. Chloroplast Genetic Engineering to Improve Agronomic Traits in TRANSGENIC PLANTS
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    32 schema:description The chloroplast genome of Pyrus was found to be 159,922 bp in length which included a pair of inverted repeats (IRs) of 26,392 bp, separated by a small single-copy region of 19,237 bp and a large single-copy region (LSC) of 87,901 bp. A total of 130 predicted genes (113 unique genes and 17 genes, which were duplicated in the IR) including 79 protein-coding genes, four ribosomal RNA genes and 30 tRNA genes were identified based on similarity to homologs from the chloroplast genome of Nicotiana tabacum. Genome organization was very similar to the inferred ancestral angiosperm chloroplast genome. Comparisons between Pyrus, Malus, and Prunus in Rosaceae revealed 220 indels (≥10 bp). Excluding ycf1 and ycf2, which contained deletions in the coding region, all of these were detected in the spacer or intron regions. Three insertions and 13 deletions were detected in Pyrus compared to the same loci in Malus and Prunus. After comparing 89 noncoding chloroplast DNA regions in Pyrus and Malus, highly variable regions such as ndhC-trnV and trnR-atpA were identified. In Pyrus and Malus, the IR/LSC borders were 62 bp shorter than those of Prunus. In addition, there were length mutations at the IRa/LSC junction and in trnH. A total of 67 simple sequence repeats (more than 10 repeated motifs) were identified in the Pyrus chloroplast genome. The indels and simple sequence repeats will be useful evolutionary tools at both intra- and interspecific levels. Phylogenetic analysis demonstrated a close relationship between Pyrus and Prunus in the Rosaceae.
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    101 schema:name Complete sequence of the chloroplast genome from pear (Pyrus pyrifolia): genome structure and comparative analysis
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