Genetic mapping of the crown gall resistance gene of the wild apple Malus sieboldii View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2009-09-18

AUTHORS

Shigeki Moriya, Hiroshi Iwanami, Sae Takahashi, Nobuhiro Kotoda, Kouichi Suzaki, Toshiya Yamamoto, Kazuyuki Abe

ABSTRACT

Crown gall, caused by Agrobacterium tumefaciens, causes severe damage to apple saplings resulting in weak growth and loss of commercial value. Developing molecular markers linked to crown gall resistance genes, and establishing a marker-assisted selection (MAS) for such a trait would be an effective way to improve rootstock breeding for crown gall resistance. The wild apple Malus sieboldii Sanashi 63 carries the crown gall resistance gene Cg effective against the A. tumefaciens strain Peach CG8331 (biovar 2). Applying the genome scanning approach on the mapping population JM7 (cgcg) × Malus sieboldii Sanashi 63 (Cgcg), Cg was mapped on the linkage group (LG) 2. The constructed linkage map of LG 2 of Sanashi 63 spans 59.8 cM and has an average marker density of 3.5 cM per marker. The 191 bp allele of the simple sequence repeat (SSR) NZmsEB119405 co-segregated perfectly with Cg in a segregating population of 119 individuals. Quantitative trait loci, accounting for 75.3% to 84.3% of phenotypic variation were detected in the same position. Testing eight additional rootstocks with the NZmsEB119405 SSR marker revealed that the 191 bp allele is also present in crown gall-susceptible rootstock accessions. Only the markers CH03b01 and NZmsPal92 mapping at 0.9 and 4.3 cM from Cg, respectively, showed “private” alleles associated to Cg. More... »

PAGES

195-203

References to SciGraph publications

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    28 schema:description Crown gall, caused by Agrobacterium tumefaciens, causes severe damage to apple saplings resulting in weak growth and loss of commercial value. Developing molecular markers linked to crown gall resistance genes, and establishing a marker-assisted selection (MAS) for such a trait would be an effective way to improve rootstock breeding for crown gall resistance. The wild apple Malus sieboldii Sanashi 63 carries the crown gall resistance gene Cg effective against the A. tumefaciens strain Peach CG8331 (biovar 2). Applying the genome scanning approach on the mapping population JM7 (cgcg) × Malus sieboldii Sanashi 63 (Cgcg), Cg was mapped on the linkage group (LG) 2. The constructed linkage map of LG 2 of Sanashi 63 spans 59.8 cM and has an average marker density of 3.5 cM per marker. The 191 bp allele of the simple sequence repeat (SSR) NZmsEB119405 co-segregated perfectly with Cg in a segregating population of 119 individuals. Quantitative trait loci, accounting for 75.3% to 84.3% of phenotypic variation were detected in the same position. Testing eight additional rootstocks with the NZmsEB119405 SSR marker revealed that the 191 bp allele is also present in crown gall-susceptible rootstock accessions. Only the markers CH03b01 and NZmsPal92 mapping at 0.9 and 4.3 cM from Cg, respectively, showed “private” alleles associated to Cg.
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