Decolorization and biodegradation of reactive Red 198 Azo dye by a new Enterococcus faecalis–Klebsiella variicola bacterial consortium isolated from textile ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-03

AUTHORS

Hadi Eslami, Ahmad Shariatifar, Ebrahim Rafiee, Mahboubeh Shiranian, Faezeh Salehi, Saeede Sadat Hosseini, Gilda Eslami, Reza Ghanbari, Ali Asghar Ebrahimi

ABSTRACT

The present study investigated biodegradation and removal of Reactive Red 198 (RR198) dye from aqueous environments using a new bacterial consortium isolated from textile wastewater sludge on laboratory scale via batch study. Two bacterial species, Enterococcus faecalis (EF) and Klebsiella variicola (KV), were identified after isolation, through biochemical assays, Polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and 16S rRNA gene sequencing. To determine their ability to biodegrade RR198 dye, physicochemical parameters, including bacterial concentration, time, pH, and temperature, were tested; the results showed that the best conditions included a bacterial concentration of 3.5 mL × 105 cells/mL and incubation time of 72 h. Under such conditions, the removal efficiency of RR198 dye at an initial concentration of 10-25 mg/L was more than 98%; however, for concentrations of 50, 75, and 100 mg/L, removal efficiency was reduced to 55.62%, 25.82%, and 15.42%, respectively (p = 0.005). The highest removal efficiency occurred at pH 8.0, reaching 99.26% after 72 h of incubation. With increasing the incubation temperature from 25 °C to 37 °C, removal efficiency increased from 71.71 to 99.26% after 72 h of incubation, and increasing the temperature from 37 to 45 °C, the removal efficiency was reduced (p ≤ 0.001). Therefore, the EF-KV bacterial consortium can be used for efficient removal of RR198 dye from textile effluent. More... »

PAGES

38

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11274-019-2608-y

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11274-019-2608-y

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112041239

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30739299


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