Evaluation of the bioactivities of extracts of endophytes isolated from Taiwanese herbal plants View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2009-08

AUTHORS

Pei-Wen Hsieh, Li-Chi Hsu, Chern-Hsiung Lai, Chin-Chung Wu, Tsong-Long Hwang, Yin-Ku Lin, Yang-Chang Wu

ABSTRACT

The endophytic extracts from 19 endophytes, isolated from 13 species of Taiwanese plants, were evaluated for biological activity, including cytotoxicity, anti-platelet aggregation, and anti-inflammatory activity. The extracts of 12 endophytes exhibited inhibitory effects on collagen-induced platelet aggregation with IC50 values of 19.85–87.64 μg/ml. Four strains, Rahnella aquatilis, Pantoea agglomerans, Rhodotorula sp., and Penicillium paxilli, also showed inhibitory effects on thrombin-induced platelet aggregation with IC50 values of 42.80–61.54 μg/ml. Additionally 12 extracts of endophytes exhibited cytotoxicities with IC50 values of 0.12–19.83 μg/ml. However, eight extracts revealed inhibitory effects on superoxide anion generation induced by fMLP (N-formyl-l-methionyl-l-leucyl-l-phenylalanine) in human neutrophils. The extract of Rahnella aquatilis showed anti-platelet aggregation activity, and bioassay-directed fractionation led to the isolation of six compounds, including one isoalloxazine: lumichrome (1); two isoflavones: genistein (2) and daidzein (3); two cyclic peptides: cyclo-Pro-Val (4) and cyclo-Pro-Phe (5); and one benzenoid: methyl 2,4,5-trimethoxybenzoate (6). These results indicated that endophytes from Taiwanese herbal plants could be useful sources for research and development of bioactive lead compounds from nature. More... »

PAGES

1461-1469

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11274-009-0036-0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11274-009-0036-0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033719354


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