Growing season carbon gas exchange from peatlands used as a source of vegetation donor material for restoration View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2017-02-08

AUTHORS

Kimberley R. Murray, Andrea K. Borkenhagen, David J. Cooper, Maria Strack

ABSTRACT

The moss layer transfer technique removes the top layer of vegetation from donor sites as a method to transfer propagules and restore degraded or reclaimed peatlands. As this technique is new, little is known about the impacts of moss layer transfer on vegetation and carbon fluxes following harvest. We monitored growing season carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) fluxes as well as plant communities at donor sites and neighbouring natural peatland sites in an ombrotrophic bog and minerotrophic fen in Alberta, Canada from which material was harvested between 1 and 6 years prior to the study. Plant recovery at all donor sites was rapid with an average of 72% total plant cover one growing season after harvest at the fen and an average of 87% total plant cover two growing seasons after harvest at the bog. Moss cover also returned, averaging 84% 6 years after harvest at the bog. The majority of natural peatlands in western Canada are treed and tree recruitment at the donor sites was limited. Methane emissions were higher from donor sites compared to natural sites due to the high water table and greater sedge cover. Carbon budgets suggested that the donor fen and bog sites released higher CO2 and CH4 over the growing season compared to adjacent natural sites. However, vegetation re-establishment on donor sites was rapid, and it is possible that these sites will return to their original carbon-cycle functioning after disturbance, suggesting that donor sites may recover naturally without implementing management strategies. More... »

PAGES

501-515

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11273-017-9531-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11273-017-9531-5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083760908


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