Vegetation composition and its relationship with the environment in mallines of north Patagonia, Argentina View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2011-04

AUTHORS

Juan J. Gaitán, Carlos R. López, Donaldo E. Bran

ABSTRACT

“Mallines” are characteristic Patagonian wet meadows. The objectives of this study were to describe plant community composition in the main mallines in northern Patagonia and to determine the influence of selected environmental variables on the distribution of vegetation. Fifty-two sites were selected for vegetation surveys and measurements of water table (WT) depth, soil pH, electric conductivity (EC), and mean annual precipitation. We performed cluster analysis for vegetation classification and correspondence analysis (CA) and canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) for vegetation ordination. Plant composition was mostly related to both environmental variables and longitude and that it was not possible to disentangle the two (i.e. the vegetation was spatially structured). We defined three plant communities that differed along two main environmental gradients. The main gradient operates on a regional scale and is determined, from west to east, by a decrease in mean annual precipitation and an increase in the depth of the WT, soil pH, and EC. The secondary gradient operates on a site scale and is determined by topographic features inside the mallín and their influence on the hydrological regime (increasing moisture from the border towards the center). This second gradient allowed us to distinguish two plant communities, one of wet characteristics in the centers of the mallín, and another of mesic characteristics along the borders of the mallín. More... »

PAGES

121-130

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11273-010-9205-z

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11273-010-9205-z

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050946087


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