Non-structural protein 1 from avian influenza virus H9N2 is an efficient RNA silencing suppressor with characteristics that differ from those ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-02-26

AUTHORS

Ru Yu, Xiuli Jing, Wenjing Li, Jie Xu, Yang Xu, Liwei Geng, Changxiang Zhu, Hongmei Liu

ABSTRACT

Non-structural protein 1 (NS1) of influenza A virus is a multifunctional dimeric protein that contains a conserved N-terminal RNA binding domain. Studies have shown that NS1 suppresses RNA silencing and the NS1 proteins encoded by different influenza A virus strains exhibit differential RNA silencing suppression activities. In this study, we showed that the NS1 protein from avian influenza virus (AIV) H9N2 suppressed systemic RNA silencing induced by sense RNA or dsRNA. It resulted in more severe Potato virus X symptom, but could not reverse established systemic green fluorescent protein silencing in Nicotiana benthamiana. In addition, its systemic silencing suppression activity was much weaker than that of p19. The local silencing suppression activity of AIV H9N2 NS1 was most powerful at 7 dpi and was even stronger than that of p19. And the inhibition ability to RNA silencing of NS1 is stronger than that of p19 in human cells. Collectively, these results indicate that AIV H9N2 NS1 is an effective RNA silencing suppressor that likely targets downstream step(s) of dsRNA formation at an early stage in RNA silencing. Although NS1 and p19 both bind siRNA, their suppression mechanisms seem to differ because of differences in their suppression activities at various times post-infiltration and because p19 can reverse established systemic RNA silencing, but NS1 cannot. More... »

PAGES

368-375

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11262-018-1544-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11262-018-1544-5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101222255

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29480423


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