Effects of bacterial organic selenium, selenium yeast and sodium selenite on antioxidant enzymes activity, serum biochemical parameters, and selenium concentration ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2021-11-30

AUTHORS

A. I. Muhammad, A. M. Dalia, T. C. Loh, H. Akit, Anjas A. Samsudin

ABSTRACT

This study compares the effects of sodium selenite, selenium yeast, and enriched bacterial organic selenium protein on antioxidant enzyme activity, serum biochemical profiles, and egg yolk, serum, and tissue selenium concentration in laying hens. In a 112-d experiment, 144 Lohman Brown Classic hens, 23-wks old were divided into four equal groups, each has six replicates. They were assigned to 4 treatments: 1) a basal diet (Con), 2) Con plus 0.3 mg/kg feed sodium selenite (SS); 3) Con plus 0.3 mg/kg feed Se-yeast (SY): 4) Con plus 0.3 mg/kg feed bacterial enriched organic Se protein (ADS18) from Stenotrophomonas maltophilia bacteria. On d 116, hens were euthanized (slaughtered) to obtain blood (serum), liver organ, and breast tissue to measure antioxidant enzyme activity, biochemical profiles, and selenium concentration. The results show that antioxidant enzyme activity of hens was increased when fed bacterial organic Se (ADS18), resulting in a significant (P < 0.05) increase in serum GSH-Px, SOD, and CAT activity compared to other treatment groups. However, ADS18 and SY supplementation increase (P < 0.05) hepatic TAC, GSH-Px, and CAT activity, unlike the SS and Con group. Similarly, dietary Se treatment reduced total cholesterol and serum triglycerides concentrations significantly (P < 0.05) compared to the Con group. At 16 and 18 weeks, selenium concentration in hen egg yolks supplemented with dietary Se was higher (P < 0.05) than in Con, with similar patterns in breast tissue and serum. Supplementation with bacterial organic Se (ADS18) improved antioxidant enzyme activity, decreased total serum cholesterol and serum lipids, and increased Se deposition in egg yolk, tissue, and serum. Hence, organic Se may be considered a viable source of Se in laying hens. More... »

PAGES

1-15

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  • <error retrieving object. in <ERROR RETRIEVING OBJECT
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11259-021-09867-3

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    29 schema:description This study compares the effects of sodium selenite, selenium yeast, and enriched bacterial organic selenium protein on antioxidant enzyme activity, serum biochemical profiles, and egg yolk, serum, and tissue selenium concentration in laying hens. In a 112-d experiment, 144 Lohman Brown Classic hens, 23-wks old were divided into four equal groups, each has six replicates. They were assigned to 4 treatments: 1) a basal diet (Con), 2) Con plus 0.3 mg/kg feed sodium selenite (SS); 3) Con plus 0.3 mg/kg feed Se-yeast (SY): 4) Con plus 0.3 mg/kg feed bacterial enriched organic Se protein (ADS18) from Stenotrophomonas maltophilia bacteria. On d 116, hens were euthanized (slaughtered) to obtain blood (serum), liver organ, and breast tissue to measure antioxidant enzyme activity, biochemical profiles, and selenium concentration. The results show that antioxidant enzyme activity of hens was increased when fed bacterial organic Se (ADS18), resulting in a significant (P < 0.05) increase in serum GSH-Px, SOD, and CAT activity compared to other treatment groups. However, ADS18 and SY supplementation increase (P < 0.05) hepatic TAC, GSH-Px, and CAT activity, unlike the SS and Con group. Similarly, dietary Se treatment reduced total cholesterol and serum triglycerides concentrations significantly (P < 0.05) compared to the Con group. At 16 and 18 weeks, selenium concentration in hen egg yolks supplemented with dietary Se was higher (P < 0.05) than in Con, with similar patterns in breast tissue and serum. Supplementation with bacterial organic Se (ADS18) improved antioxidant enzyme activity, decreased total serum cholesterol and serum lipids, and increased Se deposition in egg yolk, tissue, and serum. Hence, organic Se may be considered a viable source of Se in laying hens.
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    35 CAT activity
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    37 GSH-Px
    38 SE protein
    39 SOD
    40 Se
    41 Se deposition
    42 Se treatment
    43 Se-yeast
    44 Stenotrophomonas maltophilia bacteria
    45 TAC
    46 activity
    47 antioxidant enzyme activities
    48 bacteria
    49 basal diet
    50 biochemical parameters
    51 biochemical profile
    52 blood
    53 breast tissue
    54 cholesterol
    55 classic
    56 concentration
    57 cons
    58 deposition
    59 diet
    60 dietary Se
    61 dietary Se treatments
    62 effect
    63 egg yolk
    64 enzyme activity
    65 equal groups
    66 experiments
    67 group
    68 hen egg yolk
    69 hens
    70 increase
    71 lipids
    72 liver organ
    73 organic Se
    74 organic selenium
    75 organs
    76 parameters
    77 patterns
    78 profile
    79 protein
    80 replicates
    81 results
    82 selenite
    83 selenium
    84 selenium concentrations
    85 selenium proteins
    86 selenium yeast
    87 serum
    88 serum GSH-Px
    89 serum biochemical parameters
    90 serum biochemical profile
    91 serum cholesterol
    92 serum lipids
    93 serum triglyceride concentration
    94 similar pattern
    95 sodium selenite
    96 source
    97 study
    98 supplementation
    99 tissue
    100 tissue selenium concentrations
    101 total cholesterol
    102 total serum cholesterol
    103 treatment
    104 treatment groups
    105 triglyceride concentrations
    106 viable source
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    108 yeast
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