Pathotyping and antimicrobial susceptibility testing of Escherichia coli isolates from neonatal calves View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2021-11-18

AUTHORS

Damini P. Khawaskar, D. K. Sinha, Michael V. Lalrinzuala, V. Athira, Manish Kumar, Lalsangzuala Chhakchhuak, K. Mohanapriya, I. Sophia, Abhishek, O. R. Vinodh Kumar, Pallab Chaudhuri, B. R. Singh, Prasad Thomas

ABSTRACT

Neonatal calf mortality is a major concern to livestock sector worldwide. Neonatal calf diarrhoea (NCD), an acute severe condition causes morbidity and mortality in calves. Amongst various pathogens involved in NCD, E. coli is considered as one of the major causes. The study was targeted to characterize E. coli isolates from neonatal calves for diarrhoeagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) types (pathotyping), antimicrobial resistance (AMR) profiling and to correlate with epidemiological parameters. From neonates, a total of 113 faecal samples were collected, out of that 308, lactose fermenting colonies were confirmed as E. coli. Pathotypable isolates (12.3%) were represented by STEC (6.1%), EPEC (2.9%), ETEC (1.9%), EAEC (0.9%) and EHEC (0.3%). Occurrence of STEC was more in non-diarrhoeic calves, whereas ETEC was observed more in diarrhoeic calves. EPEC occurrence was observed in both diarrhoeic and non-diarrhoeic calves. Fishers extract test showed no significant association for occurrence of DEC types to type of dairies, health status, species, breed, age and sex of neonatal calves. Two hundred and eighty isolates were tested for antimicrobial susceptibility. The isolates showed maximum resistance towards ampicillin (55.4%) followed by tetracycline (54.3%), while minimum resistance was observed towards meropenem (2.5%). Multidrug resistant E. coli isolates were found to be 139 (49.6%), and Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) producers were 120 (42.9%). DEC pathotypes like STEC, ETEC, EHEC and EAEC that are also multidrug resistant present in neonatal calves have zoonotic potential and hence are of public health significance. More... »

PAGES

1-10

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URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11259-021-09857-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11259-021-09857-5

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1142678513

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34796436


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