Long term intensive exercise training leads to a higher plasma malate/lactate dehydrogenase (M/L) ratio and increased level of lipid mobilization ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2012-02-02

AUTHORS

Gebin Li, Peter Lee, Nobuko Mori, Ichiro Yamamoto, Toshiro Arai

ABSTRACT

Continuous high intensity training may induce alterations to enzyme activities related to glucose and lipid metabolism in horses. In our study, five Thoroughbred race horses (3 male and 2 female, avg age = 5 yrs old) were compared against five riding horses (1 male, 1 female, 3 gelding, avg age = 13 yrs old) in terms of energy metabolism, by examining plasma malate (MDH) and lactate (LDH) dehydrogenase activities and M/L ratio. MDH is involved in NADH and ATP generation, whereas LDH can convert NADH back into NAD+ for ATP generation. An increase in plasma M/L ratio can reflect heightened energy metabolism in the liver and skeletal muscle of horses adapted to continuous intensive exercise. Moreover, plasma lipid metabolism analytes (adiponectin, NEFA, total cholesterol (T-Cho), and triglycerides (TG)) can reflect changes to lipolysis rate, which can also indicate a change in energy metabolism. Overall, race horses demonstrated increased MDH and LDH activity in plasma (4x and 2x greater, respectively), in addition to a plasma M/L ratio twice as high as that of riding horses (2.0 vs 1.0). In addition, race horses also demonstrated significantly higher levels of plasma NEFA (50% greater), TG (2x greater), and T-Cho (20% greater) as compared to riding horses. Therefore, race horse muscles may have adapted to prolonged high intensity endurance exercise by gaining a higher oxidative capacity and an increased capacity for fat utilization as an energy source, resulting in heightened energy metabolism and increased rate of lipid mobilization. More... »

PAGES

149-155

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11259-012-9515-0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11259-012-9515-0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020300148

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22297553


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