Potential use of cholesterol lipoprotein profile to confirm obesity status in dogs View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2011-02-15

AUTHORS

Nobuko Mori, Peter Lee, Kazuo Kondo, Toshimi Kido, Terumasa Saito, Toshiro Arai

ABSTRACT

A common sign of obesity, in dogs, is hyperlipidemia, which is characterized by hypercholesterolemia and/or hypertriglycemia. Hyperlipidemia can be caused by a quantitative increase in circulating lipoproteins (LP) or by a higher lipid concentration in the various LP classes. In this study, we sought to determine whether aberrations occur with cholesterol lipoprotein profile, especially with sub HDL-cholesterol fraction % in obese dogs. Using clinically healthy and disease free (no overt signs) body condition score classified obese dogs, of all ages, we attempted to determine the influence of age, gender and obesity status on cholesterol lipoprotein profiling. Overall, no aberration in pattern was observed in obese dogs <8 years of age. However, in older obese animals (≥8 years of age), the general aberration pattern to cholesterol lipoprotein observed was that a significant decrease in HDL2 and 3 fraction % occurs with a concomitant increase in either HDL1-Cho or VLDL and LDL -Cho fraction % depending on gender. Linear regression analysis indicated that obesity status appears to significantly affect total cholesterol, HDL2 and 3-Cho, VLDL and LDL-Cho levels (P = 0.02, 0.046, and 0.045, respectively), whereas it is borderline with HDL1-Cho (P = 0.062). On the other hand, age significantly influenced TG, Total cholesterol, and HDL1-Cho levels (P = 0.009, 0.006, and 0.002, respectively), while gender influenced VLDL and LDL-Cho (P = 0.024) level. Therefore, aberrations in cholesterol lipoprotein profile pattern might be of potential use to assess and diagnose obesity status, in conjunction with BCS, especially of older overweight animals which might be considered borderline obese. More... »

PAGES

223-235

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1996-03. Lipoprotein Metabolism in Dogs and Cats in COMPARATIVE CLINICAL PATHOLOGY
  • 2010-12-29. Serum Lipid Profile: Fasting or Non-fasting? in INDIAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL BIOCHEMISTRY
  • 2008-10-23. Decreased gene expression of insulin signaling genes in insulin sensitive tissues of obese cats in VETERINARY RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS
  • 2000-06. Blood cholesterol screening in JOURNAL OF GENERAL INTERNAL MEDICINE
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11259-011-9466-x

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11259-011-9466-x

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034361300

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21327518


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