Reintroduction of large herbivores restored plant species richness in abandoned dry temperate grassland View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2022-02-16

AUTHORS

Miroslav Dvorský, Ondřej Mudrák, Jiří Doležal, Miloslav Jirků

ABSTRACT

Naturalistic grazing by large herbivores is an increasingly practiced way of managing habitats with conservational value. It has the potential to restore and enhance biodiversity, creating self-sustainable environments vital for organisms requiring regular disturbances to moderate and/or reverse successional changes. European bison, Exmoor pony, and Tauros cattle were introduced in 2015 to a former military training area in Milovice, Czech Republic. The prevailing vegetation type is a forest-steppe savanna with Bromus erectus-dominated xeric grasslands mixed with deciduous shrubs and trees. After the cessation of military use, the area was abandoned which led to successional changes, including the dominance of tall grasses, litter accumulation, and bush encroachment. In 2017–2021, we monitored grassland vegetation in 30 grazed permanent plots (2 × 2 m) and 5 control plots representative of ungrazed, abandoned vegetation adjacent to the grazed areas. Naturalistic grazing increased species richness and the cover of forbs, while the cover of grasses and legumes was minimally affected. Grazing increased functional diversity of plant community, promoted a compositional change to small statured species and an increased incidence of red-list species. Seven years of continuous grazing increased the conservation value of this forest-steppe vegetation, a habitat type rapidly declining in Europe. More... »

PAGES

525-535

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11258-022-01225-w

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11258-022-01225-w

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1145659166


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