Direct and indirect effects of the fungal endophyte Epichloë uncinatum on litter decomposition of the host grass, Schedonorus pratensis View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2017-07-21

AUTHORS

P. E. Gundel, M. Helander, L. A. Garibaldi, B. R. Vázquez-de-Aldana, I. Zabalgogeazcoa, K. Saikkonen

ABSTRACT

Microbial plant symbionts have been suggested to mediate plant-soil feedback and affect ecosystem functions. Systemic Epichloë fungal endophytes of grasses are found to mediate litter decomposition. These effects are often linked to alkaloids produced by Epichloë species, which are hypothesized to negatively affect decomposers. Although endophytes have been found to affect plant community and soil biota, direct (through litter quality) and indirect (through the environment) effects of fungal endophytes on litter decomposition have been scarcely scrutinized. We placed litterbags with endophyte-symbiotic (E+) and non-symbiotic (E−) Schedonorus pratensis plant litter in plots dominated by E+ or E− plants of the same species, and followed the dynamics of mass losses over time. We predicted the endophyte would hinder decomposition through changes in litter quality and that both types of litter would decompose faster in home environments. E+ litter decomposed faster in both environments. The mean difference between decomposition rate of E+ and E− litter tended to be higher in E− plots. Nitrogen and phosphorus, two elements usually associated with high decomposition rates, were significantly lower in E+ litter. We also detected a higher proportion of C in the cellulose form in E+ litter. Contrary to the general assumption, we found that symbiosis with Epichloë fungal endophytes can be associated with higher decomposition of plant litter. Since direct effects of Epichloë fungi were still stronger than indirect effects, it is suggested that besides the alkaloids, other changes in plant biomass would explain in a context-dependent manner, the endophyte effects on the litter decomposition. More... »

PAGES

1107-1115

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2010-01-30. Defensive mutualism between plants and endophytic fungi? in FUNGAL DIVERSITY
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  • 2012-05-16. An Epichloë endophyte affects the competitive ability of Festuca rubra against other grassland species in PLANT AND SOIL
  • 2013-04-20. Non-systemic fungal endophytes in Festuca rubra plants infected by Epichloë festucae in subarctic habitats in FUNGAL DIVERSITY
  • 2005-07-06. Connecting plant–microbial interactions above and belowground: a fungal endophyte affects decomposition in OECOLOGIA
  • 2015-10-18. No effects of Epichloë endophyte infection on nitrogen cycling in meadow fescue (Schedonorus pratensis) grassland in PLANT AND SOIL
  • 2016-03-18. Infection with a Shoot-Specific Fungal Endophyte (Epichloë) Alters Tall Fescue Soil Microbial Communities in MICROBIAL ECOLOGY
  • 2013-06-25. Chemical Ecology Mediated by Fungal Endophytes in Grasses in JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL ECOLOGY
  • 2013-09-11. Litter quality versus soil microbial community controls over decomposition: a quantitative analysis in OECOLOGIA
  • 2006-08-18. Intrinsic effects of species on leaf litter and root decomposition: a comparison of temperate grasses from North and South America in OECOLOGIA
  • 2015-08-02. Epichloë endophytes affect the nutrient and fiber content of Lolium perenne regardless of plant genotype in PLANT AND SOIL
  • 2011-01-29. Environmental conditions and host plant origin override endophyte effects on invertebrate communities in FUNGAL DIVERSITY
  • 2012-02-23. Endophytic mediation of reactive oxygen species and antioxidant activity in plants: a review in FUNGAL DIVERSITY
  • 2010-10-16. Soil microbial community function, structure, and glomalin in response to tall fescue endophyte infection in PLANT AND SOIL
  • 2013-03-08. Are endophytes an important link between airborne spores and allergen exposure? in FUNGAL DIVERSITY
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