Water availability drives stem growth and stem water deficit of Pinus canariensis in a drought-induced treeline in Tenerife View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2016-12-20

AUTHORS

P. Brito, G. Wieser, W. Oberhuber, A. Gruber, J. R. Lorenzo, Á. M. González-Rodríguez, M. S. Jiménez

ABSTRACT

Tree growth of Pinus canariensis at treeline in Tenerife, Canary Islands, is thought to be primarily controlled by wet season precipitation (P) prior to the current year´s growth. Therefore, we investigated the inter-annual variations in stem water deficit (ΔW) and radial growth (RG) during two consecutive years differing in wet season P. ΔW was extracted from stem circumference variations, and the influence of environmental variables was evaluated by Pearson correlation statistics. Wet season P was considerably lower in 2008 than in 2009; despite this difference in P between both years, shallow soil water availability was almost exhausted during both summers. However, the effect of shallow soil drought showing a clear seasonality of ΔW and RG was only detected in 2008. In summer 2009, RG rates were highest during the summer indicating that P. canariensis was able to tap water from deep soil layers originating from P prior to the current year´s growth. The ability to use deep soil water during extended periods of shallow soil water deficit was also reflected in a close positive correlation between RG and whole-tree water use. In our study, the effect of only one hydrological dry year resulted in a severe reduction in annual RG. Thus, when wet season P is low for a number of years, chronic drought may have negative implications for tree growth at treeline in Tenerife. More... »

PAGES

277-290

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2014-05-29. Environmental effects on stem water deficit in co-occurring conifers exposed to soil dryness in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BIOMETEOROLOGY
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11258-016-0686-6

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    31 schema:description Tree growth of Pinus canariensis at treeline in Tenerife, Canary Islands, is thought to be primarily controlled by wet season precipitation (P) prior to the current year´s growth. Therefore, we investigated the inter-annual variations in stem water deficit (ΔW) and radial growth (RG) during two consecutive years differing in wet season P. ΔW was extracted from stem circumference variations, and the influence of environmental variables was evaluated by Pearson correlation statistics. Wet season P was considerably lower in 2008 than in 2009; despite this difference in P between both years, shallow soil water availability was almost exhausted during both summers. However, the effect of shallow soil drought showing a clear seasonality of ΔW and RG was only detected in 2008. In summer 2009, RG rates were highest during the summer indicating that P. canariensis was able to tap water from deep soil layers originating from P prior to the current year´s growth. The ability to use deep soil water during extended periods of shallow soil water deficit was also reflected in a close positive correlation between RG and whole-tree water use. In our study, the effect of only one hydrological dry year resulted in a severe reduction in annual RG. Thus, when wet season P is low for a number of years, chronic drought may have negative implications for tree growth at treeline in Tenerife.
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    39 P. ΔW
    40 Pearson correlation statistics
    41 Pinus canariensis
    42 RG rate
    43 Tenerife
    44 ability
    45 annual radial growth
    46 availability
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    55 deep soil water
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    57 deficits
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    59 drought
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    61 dry years
    62 effect
    63 environmental variables
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    66 hydrological dry year
    67 implications
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    69 inter-annual variation
    70 islands
    71 layer
    72 negative implications
    73 number
    74 number of years
    75 period
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    81 season P
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    83 season precipitation
    84 seasonality
    85 severe reduction
    86 shallow soil drought
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    89 soil drought
    90 soil layer
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    94 statistics
    95 stem circumference variations
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    100 tree growth
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    115 schema:name Water availability drives stem growth and stem water deficit of Pinus canariensis in a drought-induced treeline in Tenerife
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